a brief history of christianity in north east india

a brief history of christianity in north east india插图

1626
“The earliest entry of the Christians into the Northeast can be traced much before the advent of British rule. Milton Sangma (1987) has mentioned that the earliest recorded visit by the Christian missionaries to Northeast India was in1626by two Jesuit missionaries,Fr Stephen Cacella and Fr John Gabrial,who were probably looking for a passage to Tibet and China.”

How did Christianity spread in North East India?

The introduction of Christianity in the North East India was in a very denominational structure of the western Christianity. This open the field with so many names like; Roman Catholic, Baptist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Anglican, and now the charismatic groups and independent Churches.

When did North East India come to be called North-East India?

It was from the 19 th Century CE, during the British Raj, that the territories of this area came to be recognised as “North-East India”. Prior to this, all territories of the northeast existed as different kingdoms and were ruled by different kings and chiefs.

How many Christians are there in India?

Despite the waves of missionaries to India under colonial rule, the number of Christians in India remains small, especially in comparison to the total Indian population of 846,302,688 (Europa 1726). In 1947 and 1970, the creation of the Church of South India and Church of North India decreased the affiliations among Protestant churches.

What happened in North East India during the British rule?

During the British reign, North East India became a part of Bengal Province. In the early 20th century, the northeastern states were established and became isolated from their traditional trading partners Bhutan and Myanmar. The British also made some of the communities of present-day Mizoram, Nagaland, and Meghalaya convert to Christianity.

How many states are there in North East India?

Introduction North East India (NEI) consists of eight states and they are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. NEI account more than 7.7% of the total geographical area of the country and has more than 3.88% of the total population of India.

How many languages were spoken in the Brahmaputra Valley?

Some scholars argue that major languages spoken in these regions were fifty to hundred and fifty minor languages. fsolved with their own law of the land. By 1230 AD Ahoms 5 began to plunder this region and gradually controlled Assam especially the Brahmaputra Valley by the end 13 th century.

What is the CCA?

The Christian Conference of Asia (CCA), and the Council for World Mission (CWM) through PCI. It is also supported by the Welsh parent Church. Locally, it has ties with the Council of Baptist Churches in North East India (CBCNEI) and the Church of North India (CNI).

Which region was restored to the British Empire?

The Raja of Manipur and Ahom to upper Assam were initially restored, only to be gradually annexed with the British Empire in India. 11 Assam came under the complete control in 1826, Cachar in 1832, Naga Hills in 1877, Lushai Hills 1892, and Eastern Frontier Tracts and some other regions in 1898.

What did Miles Bronson write to Francis Jenkins about?

I n 1840, Reverend Miles Bronson wrote to the Political Agent and Commissioner of Assam Francis Jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting Nagas to Christianity, and about a year later, his decision to withdraw from the Naga highlands, then still largely terra incognita to the British. A century after, Christian convictions formed the heart of the emergent struggle for Naga independence. Today, the state of Nagaland is popularly dubbed a ‘Christian state’. Amidst the escalating influence of Hindutva in India, Naga politicians and pastors remind their electorate to protect their Christian faith, culture and identity at any cost.

Why did Bronson leave Namsang?

Bronson found the decision to leave Namsang “very trying ”, and he remarked: “It is indeed an affliction to us to be obliged to leave our field of labor destitute of any one to carry on its operations – particularly so, when we think of the difficulty with which we had obtain a footing among the people”. But he left, with the hope that winning the souls of the Assamese would at long last lead the gospel to the Nagas.

What was the significance of Hannay’s nudging Bronson to the Naga?

Like CA Bruce, Hannay’s nudging Bronson to the Naga was also, in part, spurred by self-interest. He had only recently discovered a coal bed in the Naga foothills , the exploitation of which was made difficult by political instability. Christian conversion would bridge this difficulty in many ways, or so he hoped.

Where was the first Naga mission station?

The Nocte Naga village of Namsang (in modern day Arunachal Pradesh) where Reverend Bronson set up the first Naga mission station in 1839 was the cradle of Naga Christianity.

Why did the East India Company stop evangelising?

They feared it could hurt local sentiments and consequently hurt British commerce. Their stance changed with the Charter Act of 1813, which allowed missionary activities, and was enacted in response to pressure from the British public.

What was the name of the region that the British annexed in 1826?

Tea and Christianity. By the time of the Charter Act, the Assam Valley and the hills surrounding it were still situated outside the Company’s ambit. However, Burmese incursions and the first Indo-Burmese war led the British into the region, which became formally annexed in 1826.

Why did the English Baptists leave the Assam Mission?

Seven years after the establishment of the Assam mission, in 1836, the English Baptists officially left the mission field in the hands of the ABM, due to financial constraints and stillborn converts. Sometime in March 1836, Brown, a trained linguist, and Cutter, a printer, arrived with their families in Sadiya, in the northeast corner of Assam, …

What did Miles Bronson write to Francis Jenkins?

In 1840, Reverend Miles Bronson wrote to the Political Agent and Commissioner of Assam Francis Jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting Nagas to Christianity, and about a year later, his decision to withdraw from the Naga highlands, then still largely terra incognita to the British. A century after, Christian convictions formed the heart of the emergent struggle for Naga independence. Today, the State of Nagaland is popularly dubbed a ‘Christian State’. Amidst the escalating influence of Hindutva in India, Naga politicians and Pastors remind their electorate to protect their Christian faith, culture and identity at any cost.

When did Bronson first contact the Nagas?

Bronson made his first attempt to come in contact with the Nagas in the year 1838. In his letter dated 5 June 1838, he writes about two Naga youths he was expecting to enrol in the school that he along with Mrs Hannay (wife of Captain Hannay, who would soon be appointed Second in Command of Upper Assam) had established in the Jaipur plains. In the same letter, he also mentioned, with “high hopes”, his plan to visit the Namsang Naga Hills that winter, to ascertain their stance on setting up a mission base.

Where did Reverend Bronson set up his mission?

The Nocte Naga village of Namsang (in modern day Arunachal Pradesh) where Reverend Bronson set up the first Naga mission station in 1839 was the cradle of Naga Christianity. Strangely, however, the story of Reverend Bronson and his mission field is largely forgotten today, perhaps because it was so short-lived (less than a year) or because it did not yield any converts. Instead it is Reverend Edward Winter Clark and his wife Mary who are often foregrounded. On 22 November, 2013, a statue of Rev. Edward Winter Clark was unveiled in Akhoya village, in Nagaland, casting him as ‘the first missionary to the Naga soil.’ This description, however, is not substantiated by historical fact.

Why did the East India Company stop evangelising?

They feared it could hurt local sentiments and consequently hurt British commerce. Their stance changed with the Charter Act of 1813, which allowed missionary activities, and was enacted in response to pressure from the British public.

Where did the British missionaries set up their base?

Not permitted to evangelise in public, they set up a base in Serampore, which at the time fell under the Danish flag. They stayed on in Serampore after the new legislation was passed, which formally opened up the Indian mission field.

Who wrote to Assam Francis Jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting Nagas to Christianity?

in 1840, reverend miles bronson wrote to the political agent and commissioner of assam francis jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting nagas to christianity, and about a year later, his decision to withdraw

Who wrote to the political agent and commissioner of Assam Francis Jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting?

In 1840, Reverend Miles Bronson wrote to the Political Agent and Commissioner of Assam Francis Jenkins about the difficulties he was facing in converting Nagas to Christianity, and about a year later, his decision to withdraw

What does the name Narola mean?

given a Naga name, Narola, meaning ‘flower ‘. She herself worked as a missionary in the Naga Hills for two years from 1908. Narola Rivenburg (ed), The Star of the Naga Hills (Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1941), 79, 122.

What is Chai’s scheme?

CHAI, ‘A Scheme for Comprehensive History of Christianity in India’ , ICHR, vol VIII, no 2 (December 1974), 89.

What does tribal identity mean?

Defining ‘tribe’ has conceptual as well as’ empirical problems for the academician. But this term of administrative convenience has now been. adopted by the tribals themselves to mean the dispossessed, deprived people of a region. There is no claim to being the original inhabitants of that region, but a prior claim to the natural resources is asserted vis-a-vis the outsiders and the dominant caste. The tribal identity now gives the marginalised peoples self-esteem and pride.

Who said Christianity was strictly indigenous only to Palestine?

Christianity, stated Lucian Legrand, ’was strictly indigenous only to Palestine!’ Lucien Legrand, Unity and Plurality: Mission in the Bible (Maryknoll: Orbis, 1990), 100.

Who wrote Mission to the Nagas?

Bengt I Anderson, ’Mission to the Nagas’ in C Walu Walling (ed), Down the Memory Lane, Vol 1. (Impur: ABAM, 2008).

What was Christianity thought of as?

Christianity was thought of as “the religion of the poor” (Kooliman 102) (see Spice Trade in India ). Beginning in the eighteenth century, Protestant missionaries began to work throughout India that lead to the growth of Christian communities (Bogard; Mayhew 47). “These new Christians were almost exclusively recruited from …

What was the impact of Christianity on Hinduism?

Impact of Christianity on Hinduism. One of the biggest projects of the Christians missions was to educate. The goals of the missions included “education of all kinds and grades, among their instruments for the evangelization of India” (Mayhew 161).

What are the problems facing Christianity in India?

One of the gravest problems facing Christianity in India is the problem of adaptation . Despite Hindu willingness to adapt Christianity into their religious system, Christians have encountered difficulties with Indians unwilling to compromise their own beliefs. Many Indians refused to believe in the absolutism of Christian theology.

How did Brahmo Samaj improve India?

He improved the moral and social conditions of India. He started the Brahmo Samaj (City of God) by conducting weekly meeting to incorporate Christian ethics with the best of Hinduism. What they saw as the best parts of Christianity were worshipping God by love and good deeds, and abstinence from idolatry (Boygard).

What was the insatiable interest in India?

The insatiable interest in India began with business conducted by the East India Trading Company. Dealing with more than mere trading concerns, the trading company became a ruling power in India. From 1770-1818, “through wars and annexations almost three fourth of India was to come under the control of the Company” (Pathak 3). Interestingly, many of the Christians of St. Thomas harvested pepper. “Pepper growing was almost their sole monopoly” (Mundadan 155). The members of the church grew most of the pepper that was exported to Portugal.

How many Christians are there in India?

Introduction. Christians constitute the second largest religious minority in India next to Islam. The 21 million Christians in India account for 2 percent of the total population. With 16.5 million adherents to the faith, Roman Catholics form the largest single Christian group in India.

Why do people wear bare breasts?

In a culture where clothing represents social status, one of the most evident forms of discrimination forbade the people of the lower caste to cover the upper part of the body. A bare breast was seen as a sign of respect to those considered to be higher status (Kooliman 148-49).

What districts are in Senapati?

districts comprising Senapati, Tamenglung, Churachanpur, Ukhrul and Chandel. In fact,

How many people were in Mizoram in 1921?

and 27,720 in 1921 and 59,123 in 1931 which was 47.5 of the total population of Mizoram.

How many times did the population increase in the last six decades?

times while the total population increased by ten times only. I n the last six decades since

What percentage of China is communist?

communist China (5% ). Even this population is not evenly distributed throughout the country

How many tr ibal groups are there in I t?

with plateau and valleys in between. I t contains more than 200 different tr ibal groups,

What percentage of the population is land?

geographical area of the country and less than 4% of the total population. The land is mostly

When did Lushai Hills Baptist Missionaries start working?

movement. In the Lushai Hills Baptist Missionaries started thei r work in 1893 and by 1951

What kingdoms were under British control in the 19th century?

There were three Burmese invasions of Assam between 1817 and 1826, during which the Ahom and Manipur kingdom came under the control of Burma. Then in the 19th century, the British fought the first Anglo-Burmese War with Burma , which ended in the British’s victory. This period is also referred to as the Colonial period.

What was the result of the Battle of Imphal?

The Battle of Imphal took place around the city of Imphal from March to July 1944. As a result of the battle, the Japanese armies were defeated and sent back to Burma with heavy losses.

Which kingdoms were taken over by Burmese?

Formation of North Eastern states. In the early 19th century, the Ahom and the Manipur kingdoms ruling over the northeast were taken over by a Burmese invasion. There were three Burmese invasions of Assam between 1817 and 1826, during which the Ahom and Manipur kingdom came under the control of Burma.

What is the history of Kamarupa?

Kamarupa straddled most of present-day Northeast India in the early historical period.This historical kingdom disappeared by the 12th century and got replaced by smaller political entities.

What was the colonial period?

During the British reign, North East India became a part of Bengal Province. In the early 20th century, the northeastern states were established and became isolated from their traditional trading partners Bhutan and Myanmar.

What is the history of North East India?

Right from the earliest settlers from South Asia to the new-age northeastern states, the region has come a long way in terms of economic, political, and social development.

Which states were part of the larger territory of Assam?

Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal, Mizoram were part of the larger territory of Assam. They subsequently got separated and formed their own state. The states of Tripura and Manipur were Union Territories till 1972 till they attained statehood. Prior to 2002, Sikkim was not a part of the northeast.