a community of catholic christians over a geograpgic area

a community of catholic christians over a geograpgic area插图

What is Catholic?

In Catholic usage, a collective term referring to all those ordained—bishops, priests and deacons—who administer the rites of the church. Adj . clerical.

Are small church communities the future of the Catholic Church?

Like little green shoots, small church communities are emerging all over the Catholic parish landscape. They are one of the more promising pastoral initiatives at work in U. S. parishes today. In an individualistic and consumerist culture, whose spirit in some respects infects the very way we do parish, S. C. C.

What is a small church community?

Small church communities, or small Christian communities, as they are also known, represent an effort by harried and tarried American Catholics to reweave or strengthen the ties that bind—to God, to one another and to the larger common good.

What is Archdiocese?

The chief diocese of an Eastern Catholic ecclesiastical province. In most contexts it can be called an archdiocese, but if some legal distinction between Eastern and Latin Catholic jurisdictions is important, it may be necessary to introduce the term.

What did Bacon do before Ptolemy’s Almagest?

Even before Ptolemy’s "Geography" had been rediscovered, Bacon attempted to sketch a map, determining mathematically the positions of places, and using Ptolemy’s Almagest, the descriptions of Alfraganus, and the Alphonsine Tables. Peschel pronounces this to be "the greatest achievement of the scholastics".

What were the first missions to America?

In a short time monastic settlements sprang up in the great colonial possessions of Spain and Portugal. The Dominicans were the first missionaries to America, and Franciscans are heard of in India as early as 1500, while the Augustinians accompanied Magellan to the Philippines in 1521. They were equipped with the best available aids and assistants. Among the Jesuits especially these received a thorough and systematic training. The Jesuits established missions on the Congo, in 1547, in Brazil, in 1549, in Abyssinia, 1555, in South Africa, 1559, in Peru, 1568, in Mexico, 1572, in Paraguay, 1586, and in Chile, 1591. They even penetrated into the old heathen civilizations of Japan (1549) and China (1563).

What was the chief usefulness of priests and missionaries?

Their chief usefulness lay in their contributions to the general knowledge of various countries and races. But they also made contributions of the greatest value to the theoretical development of our science. They were the first and foremost promoters of many studies auxiliary to geography that sprang Up in the course of time, such as ethnology, meteorology, volcanology, and so forth.

What are some of the physiographical phenomena that came under the observation of the learned?

Individual physiographical phenomena also began to come under the observation of the learned, such as the influence of the moon on the tides, the erosive action of the sea, the circulation of water, the origin of hot springs and volcanoes, the division of land and water, the position of the sun at different latitudes.

What was the second purpose of geography?

The second purpose, geographical theory, commonly called universal geography, could only be profitably attempted after adequate progress had been made in the auxiliary sciences of astronomy, mathematics, and physics. But herein, too, medieval clerical scholars were the first to show their clearsightedness.

What is the object of geography?

The object of geography is to extend our knowledge of the earth’s surface and to determine the position of our planet in relation to cosmic and physical phenomena. For the fulfilment of its first and more important task, the accumulation of geographic information, the prerequisites were at hand even in the earlier days.

Where were the stray Christians scattered?

Stray communities of Christians were scattered throughout the interior of Asia, even in the early centuries, thanks to the zeal of the Nestorians. It is true that they were separated from Rome and were suppressed by rigorous persecutions in China as early as the eighth century. But even during the Crusades some Mongolian tribes showed such familiarity with the new faith that the popes had great hopes of an alliance with these nations. The general council held at Lyons in 1245 under Innocent IV decided to send out legates. Men duly qualified for these missions were found among the newly established Orders of St. Francis and St. Dominic. The Dominican Ascalinus in 1245 reached the court of the Khan of Persia on the eastern shore of the Black Sea after a voyage of fifty-nine days, but his errand was fruitless. His companion, Simon of St-Quentin, wrote an account of the voyage, as did also his great contemporary, Vincent of Beauvais. The enterprises of the Franciscans were politically more successful, and far more productive of scientific results. Under the leadership of John de Piano Carpini of Perugia, they travelled through Germany, Bohemia, Poland, and Southern Russia as far as the Volga, and thence to the Court of the Grand Khan at Karakorum (1246). Their reports embrace the political conditions, ethnography, history, and geography of the Tatar lands. They were excellently supplemented by Friar Benedict of Poland of the same order in regard to the Slav countries. Both these works, however, are surpassed by the Franciscan William Rubruck (Rubruquis) of Brabant, whose report Peschel pronounces to be "the greatest geographical masterpiece of the Middle Ages ". He was the first to settle the controversy between medieval geographers as to the Caspian Sea. He ascertained that it was an inland lake and had not, as was supposed for a long while, an outlet into the Arctic Ocean. He was the first Christian geographer to bring back reliable information concerning the position of China and its inhabitants. He knew the ethnographic relations of the Hungarians, Bashkirs, and Huns. He knew of the remains of the Gothic tongue on the Tauric Chersonese, and recognized the differences between the characters of the different Mongolian alphabets. The glowing pictures he drew of the wealth of Asia first attracted the attention of the seafaring Venetians and Genoese to the East. Merchants followed in the path he had pointed out, among them Marco Polo, the most renowned traveller of all times. His book describing his journeys was for centuries the sole source of knowledge for the geographical and cartographical representations of Asia. Side by side with Marco Polo, friars and monks pursued untiringly the work of discovery. Among them was Hayton, Prince of Annania (Armenia), afterwards Abbot of Poitiers, who in 1307 made the first attempt at a systematic geography of Asia in his "Historia orientalis". Also the Franciscans stationed in India who followed the more convenient sea route to China at the end of the thirteenth century. Special credit is due to John of Monte Corvino (1291-1328), Odoric of Pordenone (1317-31), whose work was widely circulated in the writings of John Mandeville, and John of Marignolla. Of India, also, the missionaries gave fuller information. Menentillus was the first to prove the peninsular shape of the country and, in contradiction to Ptolemy, described the Indian Ocean as a body of water open to the South. The Dominican Jordanus Catalani (1328) records his observations on the physical peculiarities and natural history of India. At the same time more frequent visits were made to Northern Africa and Abyssinia; and towards the middle of the fourteenth century settlements were made in the Canary Isles.

What does Dreher mean by pseudo-Christianity?

In an interview with NPR, Dreher lamented the replacement of "traditional" Christianity with "pseudo-Christianity," which he described as "all about feeling good and happy about yourself.". "For a lot of people in modernity," Dreher said, "religion has become sort of a psychological help.

How old is Jane Murphy?

The women pray to the sound of crying babies and squealing toddlers. "We’re very open to life," explains 32-year-old Jane Murphy, who has three children under the age of 5. "In the Catholic Church, we don’t believe in artificial contraception, and that results in a lot of babies!".

Where did Jane Murphy live?

Jane Murphy (shown here with two of her three children), moved to Hyattsville with her husband to be part of the local Catholic community and send their kids to St. Jerome Academy.

How far away do most families live in the US?

Most of the families live within a 2-mile radius.

Where is Amy Clayton?

Amy Clayton teaches a fifth-grade history class at St. Jerome Academy in Hyattsville, Md. The school, which almost closed eight years ago, has experienced growth over the past few years, largely due to an influx of Catholic families who were drawn to Hyattsville by a desire to live among others who share their values.

Is Hyattsville a minority?

The community’s adherence to official church doctrine also means the Hyattsville Catholics are increasingly in a cultural minority. They differ with many in the LGBT world, for example, over such issues as same-sex marriage, which the Vatican opposes.

Who is Chris Currie?

The key figure in its growth was Chris Currie, a former nonprofit executive who moved to Hyattsville 20 years ago and now serves as director of institutional advancement at the parish school.

What is a small church community?

Small church communities are essentially a by-their-fruits-we-will-know-them enterprise. At this juncture, says Lee, “overall S.C.C.’s appear to be making a signal contribution to the movement of the U.S. Catholic Church into the third millennium.” Dealing with the implications of the parish-connected character of the vast majority of S.C.C.’s is the key to maximizing that contribution. The little green shoots will thrive best. They will mature and bear the greatest fruit when they are cultivated through a marriage of effort by pastors and people working intentionally together. S.C.C.’s are a promising development in North American parishes precisely because parishioners themselves are strengthening everyday faith in one another, and in so doing are strengthening the life and mission of the whole parish.

What is faith sharing?

Faith sharing involves people making efforts to help themselves and one another to establish solid connections between faith and everyday life. “If people do not have regular time with a group that is known and trusted,” suggests Lee, “this kind of sharing—this way of creating meaning by which to live—is far less likely to occur.” The Sunday Scriptures offer the ordinary lens through which small communities look at their lives and the world. S.C.C. living room conversation does not exhibit itself, says Lee, as “a sustained critical approach to Scripture,” but the exposure to biblical images and stories “forms imagination and sparks thinking about S.C.C. members’ lives and worlds.” Members do exhibit a strong desire to deal with Scripture more deeply.

What is the pattern of leadership in S.C.C.?

As for leadership in S.C.C.’s, the research identifies a pattern of “rotating leadership and revolving responsibility.” What underlies this pattern is the ordinary practice of small communities moving from home to home, with the host or hostess of the evening usually facilitating the session. It is not so much formation of individual leaders that concerns Lee, but “forms of organization that address leadership roles.” This prescription is on the mark. Just as with the social commitment of S.C.C.’s, dealing with leadership formation calls for a systemic approach.

What percentage of Catholics attend the Eucharist?

In contrast to what the study identifies as the general Catholic population’s 32 percent weekly participation in the Eucharist, 93 percent of G.S.C. members attend weekly, along with 88 percent of H/L community members. Forty-eight percent regard the S.C.C. experience as a “new way of participating in parish life”; 34 percent suggest it gives them a “new sense of responsibility for parish, neighborhood.” S.C.C. members are more likely than non-S.C.C. parishioners to participate in a variety of parish ministries. Commitment to church membership among S.C.C. members is higher than it is for Catholics in general. When asked which way they tilt in making decisions (either toward church teaching or toward experience), G.S.C. and Chr. members are considerably more inclined to lean in the direction of church teaching than is the general Catholic population. On the spectrum from conservative to moderate to liberal on matters both political and religious, there are no glaring differences between members of G.S.C.’s and Catholics at large.

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What does Lee describe as flattened leadership in S.C.C.?

In noting what he describes as a flattened leadership in S.C.C.’s, Lee observes that there is perhaps an otherwise unaccounted for expectation of leadership from the larger parish. This is exactly right. Typically, parish-based small church communities are eager for a strong, active relationship with their pastors.

Where are small church communities indigenous?

Whatever similarities there might be to related efforts in other parts of the world, small church communities are as indigenous to North America as they are elsewhere. Commenting on the global development of S.C.C.’s at the 1999 International Consultation on Small Christian Communities in Cochabamba, Bolivia, Ian Fraser of the Iona Community in Scotland suggested that S.C.C. development might be understood as the result of “the spontaneous combustion of the Holy Spirit all over the world.”

How to grow in your relationship with Jesus Christ?

If you really want to grow in your relationship with Jesus Christ, share your life with other Catholic men. Be counter-cultural and seek out fellowship (1 John 1:7). Share your struggles and prayers and hopes with them.

What did Jesus say before he went to the cross?

Remember that Jesus commanded us, before he went to the cross, to love one another as he has loved us (John 13:34) and he prayed that “they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you, that they also may be in us.” (John 17: 21).

Why is faith so powerful?

The reason why a faith community is so powerful is that it follows the way God made us to live: not in isola­tion but in relationship (Psalm 133:1)! Through our faith community, we also learn the message of the cross as we see our brothers’ lives transformed by Jesus in the nitty gritty events of the day. Jesus is the Word made flesh, and in …

What is the message of the cross?

The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work: If one falls down, his friend can help him up. But pity the man who falls and has no one to help him up!

Why is community important in living out our faith?

The Importance of Community in Living Out Our Faith. For I am not ashamed of the gospel. It is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: for Jew first, and then Greek. (Romans 1:16) The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.

Where one alone may be overcome, two together can resist?

Where one alone may be overcome, two together can resist. A three-ply cord is not easily broken. (Ecclesiastes 4:12)

Do we need each other?

Even though it may seem strange in our individualistic world, we truly do need each other if we want to grow in faith. We need the wit­ness of other brothers in Christ. We need to see the way they live out his word. What’s more, they need the same thing from us! And most importantly, we need their prayers and support (Ecclesiastes 4:12).

What is the role of a diocesan bishop?

Diocesan bishops and their auxiliaries are responsible for the pastoral care of their dioceses. In some cases diocesan bishops are assigned a coadjutor bishop, who is like an auxiliary except that he automatically becomes the diocesan bishop when his predecessor resigns or dies. See auxiliary bishop and coadjutor.

What is the head of an archeparchy called?

The head of an archeparchy is called an archeparch, but in most contexts he can be called an archbishop. There are only two Catholic archeparchies in the United States: the Byzantine Catholic Archdiocese of Pittsburgh and the Ukrainian Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. See eparchy. auxiliary bishop.

What is the bishops conference?

bishops’ conference. A national (or in a very few cases regional) body of bishops that meets periodically to collaborate on matters of common concern in their country or region , such as moral, doctrinal, pastoral and liturgical questions; relations with other religious groups; and public policy issues. It is also called an episcopal conference. The U.S. conference is the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, or USCCB. See that entry.

What is an archdiocese?

archdiocese. The chief diocese of an ecclesiastical province (see province and metropol itan ). It is governed by an archbishop. Adj . archdiocesan. See diocese and archeparchy.

How many Eastern Catholic churches are there in the United States?

Each is considered fully equal to the Latin tradition within the church. In the United States there are 15 Eastern Church dioceses and two Eastern Church archdioceses. In addition, there is one non-territorial Eastern Church apostolate in the United States whose bishop is a member of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. See archeparchy and eparchy.

What is an auxiliary bishop?

auxiliary bishop. A bishop assigned to a Catholic diocese or archdiocese to assist its residential bishop. Whether in a diocese or archdiocese, his title is bishop.

What is the apostolic nuncio?

apostolic nuncio. Church term for the Vatican ambassador to another country and the papal liaison with the church in that country. An apostolic nuncio, also called a papal nuncio, is always an archbishop, and it is his religious title that is capitalized as a title before his name, e.g., Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, …