a comparative study of christianity and islam

a comparative study of christianity and islam插图

Both Christianity and Islam aremonotheistic religions, both a development out of Judaic teaching, and both spread through conquest. However, when compared: Christianity developed many years before Islam, Christianity believes in the Trinity while in Islam Trinity is rejected, and Christianity spread to the West and Islam to the East.

Why did Ibn Kammuna study the study of religion?

Additionally, scholars such as Ibn Kammuna concerned themselves with the comparative study of religion. As a Jewish thinker, Ibn Kammuna found this comparative study to be particularly important within the context of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in order to defend monotheism in the East (468). Though the Franciscan why I converted to Islam.

What are the main differences between Christianity and Islam?

The worship center for Christians is called church or cathedral while that for Muslims is called Mosque. 2) Worship date. The Christians practice their worship on Sundays while the Muslims do it on Fridays. 3) The relation between church and state. For Christianity,

Do Muslims believe in Jesus Christ as God?

(3) Muslims believe that Jesus is a Prophet of God unto the Children of Israel and he is highly revered by Muslims. But they neither regard him as God, nor as Son of God. (4) God does not beget sons or daughters, neither was He begotten.

What is the relationship between the Bible and the Qur’an?

The Bible and the Qur’an are two important spiritual nourishments for the world. It is commonly accepted that the Bible is a sacred Christian scripture and that the Qur’an is the sacred Book of the Muslims. However, to me as a Muslim student of these two books, both are of great significance in my life.

Why did Allah create man?

This is why Allah created man and gave him the nature of submission so that he might grow gradually into that desired perfection of his soul. After we have known that it is in the nature of man is to submit and surrender to the highest divine authority, therefore, the true religion of man is within his own nature.

What is the only authentic source that can bring you to the absolute truth?

We are dealing with Christians worldwide who have been conditioned from childhood to accept these creeds – the original sin, the Trinity, the Divinity of Jesus, Son-ship of Jesus, his Crucifixion and his Resurrection – without questioning what they normally read from the Bible . To them the Bible is the only authentic source that can bring you to the absolute Truth.

What does it mean when Jesus says "now ye seek to kill me"?

Nor does he speak out of [his own] desire: Jesus described himself as a man inspired by God, which means he had heard the truth of inspiration from Almighty Allah. Jesus said; " now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God… " John. 8:40.

What does the Holy Qur’an say about Muhammad?

John. 12:49. The Holy Qur’an also confirms that the message brought by Muhammad (S) was not his own but was revelation from God, the Almighty. It says: "Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) desire, it is revelation sent down to him…". (Holy Qur’an, 53:3 -4)

How to find the truth?

To enable you to seek and find this truth, you only need to observe the following simple rules: (1) Be truthful and sincere in your search for the truth itself and nothing else.

What does the Quran say about people of the book?

The Holy Qur’an commands Muslims to demand proofs and evidences from the Christians for the ‘fanciful and innovative’ doctrines by saying: " Produce your proof, if you are truthful ” Ch. 2:111.

How did Christians inherit the laws of Moses?

Christians inherited the laws of Moses by following Jesus who was an Orthodox and practicing Jew; they also inherited the Gospel of Jesus Christ. To Muslims, the original laws of Moses and the original Gospel of Jesus are sacred Scriptures.

What is the doctrine of Islam?

Islam which means wholeness, submission and safeness boasts of a corpus of doctrines. Five teachings and five duties essentially constitute Muslim dogmas and their belief-system. Islam affirms belief in only one God, Allah. This is Tawhid the doctrine of pure monotheistic worship; indeed a radical form of monotheism. The absolute unity of Allah allows no room in sharing divinity with any other being. Islam does not venture into the description of God?s essence though Allah is believed to be all-seeing, all-hearing, all-knowing, all-willing and all-powerful. Islam acknowledges the existence of angels, the chief amongst them being Angel Gabriel who first appeared to Muhammad and gave him the Qur?an. Apart from this cardinal belief, Islam believes in the existence of Iblis, the fallen angel and in a series of satanic entities and spirits who prevent humankind from submitting to and obeying Allah. Islam believes in the efficacy of God?s revealed and inspired Books; especially in four books; namely The Torah of Moses, the Zabur of David, the Injil of Jesus and the Qur?an. They accept that all the four books contain Allah?s truth but that the Qur?an contains God?s final message addressed to all humankind. For Muslims, the Qur?an?s revelation supersedes all previous books and even abrogates any conflicts in their truth claims about the Deity. All Muslims believe that the Qur?an is a replica of the original copy still in heaven so that any translations cannot sufficiently substitute for the original Arabic text in heaven. It is composed of 114 Suras or chapters with larger and longer Suras put first and the shorter ones placed last in the Holy Book.

What does Nvumbi believe about God?

Nvumbi advises that it affirms God?s existence, makes known his nature and attributes; it explains who he is in a way that we might know, love him and look for him. Christians believe that God is the Creator of heaven and earth; he guides the world, loves the world and directs it to himself [20]].

What is comparative study of religion?

The sub-title of our paper indicates the methodology we have adopted; namely the Comparative Study of Religions, which is the branch of non-normative study of religions that scientifically critiques and investigates the similarities and differences between Religions. As it applied in our paper, it is being used to study what differentiates Christian Religion from Islamic Religion: especially as they manifest themselves as human phenomena in Lesotho society. With this approach, we, not only wish to arrive at the comprehensive perception of their objects as such but also to determine how the two religions relate and influence or demonize each other in the Basotho society. We also accept that our methodology is an objective presentation of the “principles and teachings” of Christianity and Islam so that the Basotho students and ordinary people can become able to best understand by comparison those principles and teachings, define, analyse, and reflect on their cardinal beliefs, doctrines, practices and rites as found in the two religions; especially as they are lived out in southern Africa. This is especially true of Islam because it is completely different from all other religions, different in its basic conceptions, its ideals, its teachings and its practice. It is an ethical code by itself. It suits every race, language, culture and status because it teaches men to live a life according to the law of nature.

What are the three Abrahamic religions?

The Abrahamic Religions consist of three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. As religions with strong backgrounds in the traditions of the first patriarch and the traditional ancestor of the Hebrews, Abraham, the Arabs and many other nations as well as many theists in Africa still thrive today. Their sacred history is derived from the life of Abraham as is generally narrated in Gen 11-25.The initial belief in one God, the God of Abraham remains the foundation of their teaching on monotheism. The three religions maintain that the existence of only one God, no doubt, indicates the manner in which humankind associates and interprets the world around it; especially the invisible aspects of that world as are known in African peoples? beliefs in the spirit beings, divinities, demons and ancestral spirits which still direct the lives of many Africans whose backgrounds remain in the African Traditional cultural settings. There is no doubt that the two religions; Christianity and Islam, claim to assist adherents to find meaning in their environments and in their individual lives; as well as to seek and find life solutions for humankind?s innumerable weaknesses and failings. Both religions offer varieties of meanings on salvation as much as protection from natural disasters, from fear of agents of death and from ravaging hunger; especially in the African world; on forgiveness of individuals; communal crimes and liberation from the machinations of the malevolent agents that control the impersonal mystical powers/forces, indeed a dominant creed and article of faith in African Traditional Religion whose users can ?do and undo? in the African world [5].

Who was the founder of Islam?

Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad who was born around 570 AD in Mecca of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. After the demise of his mother, he was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib, from his maternal side. In his youth, he travelled with “with his uncle in the merchants? caravan” [24] that criss-crossed Syria and Egypt. Montgomery Watt informs us that it was during this time that he distinguished himself as a promising trader and businessman.[25]Later on, he made the same journey in the service of a rich widow called Khadijah. At the age of twenty five, he was able to attract the love of his benefactress, Khadijah as a wife. When he had achieved a level of wealth and family stability, Muhammad submitted himself to regular meditation like many of his peers at the time. On one such occasion in a cave in the mountains east of Mecca, Angel Gabriel appeared to him and directed him to recite in the name of the Lord who had created man from the clot of blood. As the first of many revelations he received, he did not pay special attention to it. He feared that people would hold him as a banif; a kind of a religious fanatic possessed by evil spirits who were generally hated by people. The Holy Angel Gabriel prevented him from committing suicide, and thereafter the Prophet returned to his wife, took solace in her love and protection and soon began to realize that he had been called by Allah to become his messenger to the world.

When did Islam and Christianity become popular?

Due to the vast expansion of Islam and Christianity in the time period from 700-1000 CE both religions flourished. While quite similar with their expansions, they developed with various unique characteristics, such as their tolerance for other religions.

Did Christianity and Islam do the same thing?

Christianity and Islam did many things the same with their missionary activity, but they also did many things differently. The Muslims were accepting and somewhat tolerant of those who lived within their territories and practiced another religion. The people who did this were required only to pay an extra tax.

Who was the head of everything in Islam?

In Islam, there is no one single person with the whole power to expel heretics and discipline clergy. In Christian societies, the Pope was the head of everything claiming independence and authority over the people. Islam and Christianity both had missionary activity flourish between 700 and 1000 CE. However, they did this in both similar ways and …