a critic to postmodernism ethics and christianity

a critic to postmodernism ethics and christianity插图

It does this as a response to the postmodern critique of Christianity, as exemplified inRorty and Lyotard. They argue that any claim to know God is necessarily tyrannical. Contemporary responses to such postmodern thinking often fail to address adequately the ethical critique that is made.

Is postmodernism bad news for Christianity?

Current postmoderns often seem more interested in the minority credentials of a speaker (or actor or author etc.) than they are in what the person is actually contributing. This shift is a disaster for social discourse (see the next point). It’s also bad news for Christianity.

How do postmodern Christians serve the spread of the Gospel?

For some postmodern Christians, it seems, the best way to serve the spread of the gospel is to spend a disproportionate amount of time lecturing other believers about their cultural faux pas This inward focus shows up in the church too.

What is the postmodern attack on ethnography?

Postmodernism and anthropology Postmodern attacks on ethnography are generally based on the belief that there is no true objectivity and that therefore the authentic implementation of the scientific method is impossible.

Why do Postmoderns have trouble appreciating Western culture?

Postmoderns have difficulty appreciating the strengths of western culture and trouble critiquing the abuses of others—especially when such a critique might give credence to (western) conservatives.

What is the mode of writing that seeks to represent the reality of the whole world or form of life?

Marcus and Fischer note that: “Realism is a mode of writing that seeks to represent the reality of the whole world or form of life. Realist ethnographies are written to allude to a whole by means of parts or foci of analytical attention which can constantly evoke a social and cultural totality (1986: 2323).

What is the purpose of Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism?

Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism (1993) uses discourse analysis and postcolonial theory as tools for rethinking forms of knowledge and the social identities of postcolonial systems.

What are the points of reaction from within postmodernism?

Points of reaction from within postmodernism are associated with other “posts”: postcolonialism, poststructuralism, and postprocessualism. Postcolonialism has been defined as: A description of institutional conditions in formerly colonial societies.

What is postmodernity?

Postmodernity concentrates on the tensions of difference and similarity erupting from processes of globalization and capitalism: the accelerating circulation of people, the increasingly dense and frequent cross-cultural interactions, and the unavoidable intersections of local and global knowledge.

What is the postmodern attack on ethnography?

Postmodernism and anthropology Postmodern attacks on ethnography are generally based on the belief that there is no true objectivity and that therefore the authentic implementation of the scientific method is impossible.

What are the main tenets of postmodernism?

The primary tenets of the postmodern movement include: (1) an elevation of text and language as the fundamental phenomena of existence, (2) the application of literary analysis to all phenomena, (3) a questioning of reality and representation, (4) a critique of metanarratives, (5) an argument against method and evaluation, (6) a focus upon power relations and hegemony, and (7) a general critique of Western institutions and knowledge (Kuznar 2008:78). For his part, Lawrence Kuznar labels postmodern anyone whose thinking includes most or all of these elements.

Why is Baudrillard a skeptical postmodernist?

Rosenau labels Baudrillard as a skeptical postmodernist because of statements like, “everything has already happened….nothing new can occur,” and “there is no real world” (Rosenau 1992: 64, 110). Baudrillard breaks down modernity and postmodernity in an effort to explain the world as a set of models.

Introduction

Postmodernist believe that morality comes by the greater demand of the people, thus meaning that the people decide what’s right and what’s wrong not God. Christian on the other hand believes in a contrasting worldview; reason for maintain goodness.

Summary of Postmodernism

Postmodernist establishes man as the final authority, truth maker, this leads man to a godless place questioning all theism metanarratives and denying the one God given single truth.

Source of Ultimate Authority in Postmodernism

The source of ultimate authority in the postmodern worldview is the human mind or where a human mind is promoted. Because there is no such thing as final truth, there is a lack of an objective source of authority.

Ultimate Reality in Postmodernism

Ultimate reality for Postmodernism can be viewed through the lens of religion, not all postmodernist are atheist, so they too can define and understand through natural science (or materialism), that a higher being could potentially exist.

Source of Morality

Postmodernism source of morality is gathered from ethical systems in atheism, naturalism, and evolution. They believe there is no authority beyond the self. Postmodernist source various morals via little narratives, because there is no grand narrative instructing them on what is real and how to behave.

Evaluation of Postmodernism

For the purpose of evaluating this worldview, I will be using Groothuis criteria for test and evaluating worldviews. Groothuis illustrates that these criteria are universal and can be used to evaluate any worldview.

Christian Alternative

Christians believe that there is only one truth and that’s Jesus Christ. Without the crucifixion and the resurrection of the Son, born from a virgin mother, sent to the world as a living sacrifice from the Father, there is no need for this belief system. The proof of change is also the compass pointing to true North.

What is the categorical imperative?

On the other hand, in order to justify such a claim, postmodernism requires the wholesale rejection of what has been called the ‘categorical imperative’: "a moral obligation or command that is unconditionally and universally binding".

What is the last sentence of Dunning’s disclaimer?

In the context of his own words, his disclaimer can only mean that ’there is truth’-but only for each individual in his or her own mind; otherwise , there is no such thing as truth that can be objectively known, much less shared with anyone else.

Is postmodernism antithetical to Christianity?

It should be clear to the reader that postmodernism is antithetical not only to the precepts and spirit of Christianity but, explicitly and most importantly, to the written Word of God . By far the most pernicious aspect of postmodernism is its rejection of the veracity and authority of God’s Word.

Is postmodernism understood?

While it seems the meaning of the word postmodernism is not well understood by most people, yet the ideas it embodies have profoundly affected an entire generation, in a host of ways that typically aren ‘t seen for their connection to post modern beliefs.

Introduction

In the social sphere, postmodernism corresponds to the society of consumption and mass media, the main characteristics of which look amorphous, blurred, and indefinite. It does not have a clearly defined socio-class structure. The level of consumption is the main criterion of division into social strata.

Evaluation of the Worldview

In general, the worldview of a postmodern person can be defined as neo-fatalism. Its peculiarity is that a person no longer perceives oneself as the master of one`s destiny, who relies on oneself in everything, owes everyone to oneself.

Evaluation of Christianity

Speaking of the Christian worldview as the only true opposition to the postmodern one, people should understand its basic principles, ideas, and concepts. To begin with, one should note that the central component of the Christian worldview is morality`s concept, which is fundamentally different from the basic ideologies of postmodernism.

Defense of Christianity

Postmodernists insist that the truth is relative in defense of the principals of morality. They argue that the truth must be material, and recognize financial success, and convenience among the basic values. In contrast to them, Christians consider their religion as an embodiment of true humanity.

Conclusion

In conclusion, one should note once again: Postmodernism shows people that everything should be perceived positively and that there are no ideologies, and Christianity, on the contrary, teaches people to believe in God and honor him, which makes it more meaningful and trustworthy religion.

Why does the postmodern mind recoil from the idea of westerners telling animists to worship Jesus?

But the gospel of Jesus makes universal claims. It is true both for the poor person of colour and for the rich white man. It critiques all of us and calls all of us to repentance.

How does postmodernism create caste systems of legitimacy?

By putting so much emphasis on identity and experience, postmodernism creates complex caste systems of legitimacy where different groups compete for the status of “most marginalised” and “least privileged.” Now we hear of white feminists called out by people of colour. We hear of conflicts between cross-dressers and trans activists. We even see right-wing identity groups (“involuntarily celibate” men, for example) attempting to claim victim status.

What is postmodernism?

Postmodernism rightly observes how vested interests (like power and privilege) make it hard for us to think clearly about truth. But this helpful insight has lately mutated into a near-total subordination of truth to identity—as if simply lacking power could make a person more objective. Current postmoderns often seem more interested in the minority credentials of a speaker (or actor or author etc.) than they are in what the person is actually contributing.

Is postmodernism a negative culture?

But that very obsession with the West is the problem. Postmodernism can easily become a negative image of the old imperial mindset that valued everything western and dismissed other cultures as barbarous. Postmoderns have difficulty appreciating the strengths of western culture and trouble critiquing the abuses of others—especially when such a critique might give credence to (western) conservatives. Think, for example, of the hostility which greeted the ANU’s proposed centre for western civilisation, or the left’s casual, guilt-by-association dismissal of Ayaan Hirsi Ali.

Who is Andrew Moody?

Andrew Moody is the Editorial Director of the TGCA website and manages the Bible and Theology Channel. He also serves as an adjunct lecturer at several colleges around Australia and enjoys teaching students about the doctrine of the Trinity. He is author of In Light of the Son (Matthias Media), The Will of Him Who Sent Me (Paternoster) and 5 Secrets (online here ). Andrew and his wife Jenny have two children and attend Holy Trinity Doncaster in Melbourne.

Does Jesus abolish differences?

Jesus is that star: the one in whom there is neither Jew or Greek, slave or free, male or female ( Gal 3:28 ). Jesus doesn’t abolish our differences but he radically transcends them and thus puts them in perspective.

Is social movement more or less supportive of Christian faith?

The question of whether any particular social movement is more or less supportive of Christian faith is a difficult one. Most human realities present both opportunities and threats to the life of the church. Moreover, humans—sinful as we are—are always capable of turning even the greatest of God’s blessings into idols .

How does Shenvi define critical theory?

Shenvi defines critical theory in this way: Modern critical theory views reality through the lens of power. Each individual is seen either as oppressed or as an oppressor, depending on their race, class, gender, sexuality, and a number of other categories.

How does critical theory view reality?

Modern critical theory views reality through the lens of power. Each individual is seen either as oppressed or as an oppressor, depending on their race, class, gender, sexuality, and a number of other categories. Oppressed groups are subjugated not by physical force or even overt discrimination, but through the exercise of hegemonic power—the ability of dominant groups to impose their norms, values, and expectations on society as a whole, relegating other groups to subordinate positions.

What is critical theory?

I also want to say that I agree with his analysis: Critical theory is an all-encompassing worldview that interprets and implicates the deepest levels of our existence—especially the epistemological framework that critical theorists approach the world with. Critical theory proposes to answer some of the deepest questions of human existence: Who am I? What’s wrong with the world and who can fix it? What’s right and wrong?

Is morality a perspectival or a morality?

Morality is not just perspectival. Sure, perspective and social location impact our experience in the world, but those realities cannot negate or overwhelm the ethical demands of Scripture that all persons are obligated to obey—regardless of identity, class, or lived experience. What this means, ethically speaking, is that certain actions and desires are always and forever wrong. Biblical morality does not provide exemptions based on someone’s lived experience.

Is critical theory a Christian theory?

Critical theory is a secular social theory that may at times overlap with Christian ideas, as Shenvi rightly concludes, but the larger commitments it requires of its adherents are an acid bath to many key facets of Christian teaching. Bottom line: Critical theory renders Christian ethical critique almost impossible because it holds ethics hostage to identity politics and personal and social grievance.

Is critical theory incompatible with Christianity?

May 17, 2019. On May 15, The Gospel Coalition published a very good essayby Neil Shenvi arguing that critical theory is incompatible with Christianity. Considering the level of confusion and the accusations that are hurled against those accused of trafficking in critical theory, I want to commend Shenvi’s essay as a helpful, even-handed, …

What is the main motto of postmodernism?

The main motto of postmodernism, or a new and freshly processed version of modernism, is breaking norms and breaking of any “meta-narrative”. Therefore, to speak of value education in postmodernism is some sort of contradiction. But since it defends a sequence of postmodernist values in a dogmatic way, it can be said that this movement aims at preaching and even compelling its values to society. Also, due to the postmodernism’s conflicts with philosophy, it is contradictory to speak of its philosophical fundamentals. But since philosophy can only be rejected and criticized by philosophy, then the claims of this movement are based on a sequence of philosophical fundamentals.

What is the difference between postmodernism and postmodernism?

2.1 Postmodernism = Post-Modernism A number of experts believe that due to the fundamental differences between modernism and postmodernism, “postmodernism” is in fact “post-modernism” which means a novel movement that appeared after modernism. While modernism emphasizes realities and the discovery of realities, postmodernism emphasizes the instability of everything and the creation of realities. Modernism believes in certainty, necessity and meta-narrative, while, in postmodernist view, under no circumstances should any mention of these categories be made. Particularly in the area of values, moralities, politics, and education no mention should be made of universal and constant theoretical foundations. Values are relative things that differ from culture to culture. Therefore, the postmodernism movement is actually the era after modernism and a type of transition from it. Some supporters of this version of postmodernism believe that it was initiated by Richard Rorty’s writings (Rahnama, 2009; Poosshafei, 2009; Shoarinezhad, 2009).

What are the characteristics of postmodernism?

Postmodernism, born under western secular conditions, has the following characteristics: it emphasizes pluralism and relativism and rejects any certain belief and absolute value; it conflicts with essentialism, and considers human identity to be a social construct; it rejects the idea that values are based on developmental realities and also rejects the essential influence of human actions on human destiny. Using a descriptive method, this research will provide a critical examination of postmodernism based on moral and religious values education. In educational goals, postmodernism emphasizes the institutionalization of pluralism, the strengthening of self-organized morality in learners and in educational principles, avoiding dogmatism, fighting against systematicity and emphasizing on individual freedoms. In educational methods, it emphasizes learner-centered discourse, serious attention to the marginalized people, and the denial of pattern-based ability. Postmodernism, despite enjoying a series of strong points, such as “fighting against globalization”, “fighting against scientism” and “emphasizing dynamism”, has many weaknesses too. The most important one of them is the intellectual failure and an overt contradiction with thought, ignorance of certain realities and knowledge, and the existence of intrinsic and constant values.

Does postmodernism have a value system?

Postmodernism has not entered into values education in a definite way and because of not offering any proven theories; it attacked values education for its systematic and dependence on certain beliefs and values. Therefore, a comprehensive and preventive definition of values education cannot be expected from this school of thought. But since this thought has intentionally or unintentionally changed into an ideology with special philosophical fundamentals in various areas of ontology, epistemology, anthropology and axiology, then values education can be discussed from special postmodernism viewpoints.