What is Orthodox Christianity?
The Orthodox Christian Church, also called the “Eastern Orthodox,” “Greek Orthodox” Church, or simply “the Orthodox Church,” is the oldest Christian Church in the world, founded by Jesus Christ and with its beginnings chronicled in the New Testament.
Why do Orthodox Christians venerate icons?
Veneration is part of worship to the Orthodox faithful, but they show love and respect to more than the God they worship. The kiss is an action firmly rooted in Orthodoxy. When they enter into the church, it is customary that Orthodox Christians venerate or kiss the icons.
What is the difference between veneration and worship in Orthodoxy?
Veneration. Veneration is distinct from worship (gr. latreia ), for worship is a total giving over of the self to be united with God, while veneration is showing delight for what God has done. There can be confusion because one may venerate what one worships as well as venerate others. Veneration is part of worship to the Orthodox faithful,…
What is the difference between the Catholic and orthodox view of Mary?
They see Mary’s role as the mother of the savior. This difference can be observed by comparing Orthodox depictions of Mary with Catholic depictions. In Orthodox depictions, Mary is almost always seen with Jesus, whereas the Catholic tradition often displays images of Mary without Jesus.
What do Orthodox Christians worship?
Orthodox Christians worship the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit —the Holy Trinity, the one God (Matt. 28:19; II Cor. 13:14; I Peter 1:1-2; Rom. 14:17-18, 15:16, etc.). Following the Holy Scriptures as interpreted by the Holy Fathers of our faith, the Church believes that the Trinity is three divine persons of one essence.
What is the Orthodox faith?
The Orthodox Christian faith is that faith “handed once to the saints” (Jude 3), passed on to the apostles by Jesus Christ, and then handed down from one generation to the next within the Church, without adding anything or taking anything away.
How many members does the Orthodox Church have?
With roughly 250 million members worldwide, Orthodoxy is second in size only to the Roman Catholic Church. However, in spite of its size, relatively few Americans are aware that it exists. The Orthodox Church has deep and lasting roots in Christian antiquity and is steeped in rich Biblical tradition.
What is the oldest Christian church in the world?
The Orthodox Christian Church, also called the “Eastern Orthodox,” “Greek Orthodox” Church, or simply “the Orthodox Church,” is the oldest Christian Church in the world, founded by Jesus Christ and with its beginnings chronicled in the New Testament. All other Christian churches and groups can be traced historically back to it.
Why do we have the opportunity to become by grace?
Because of who He is and of what He did for us, we have the opportunity to become by grace what He is by nature, to the fullness of the stature of Christ (Eph. 4:13). We can put on the divine, becoming partakers of the divine nature (II Pet. 1:4). That’s Who Jesus is and what He came here to do.
How is the Holy Tradition transmitted?
Holy Tradition is transmitted to the Christian from the Apostles of Jesus Christ both by word of mouth and in writing (II Thess. 2:15, 3:6). The Orthodox theologian Vladimir Lossky famously described Tradition as “the life of the Holy Spirit in the Church.” It is dynamic in its application, but unchanging in its doctrine. It is growing in expression, yet always the same in its essential meaning.
What is the primary statement of what the Church believes about God?
The primary statement of what the Church believes about God is found in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, usually just called the Nicene Creed, which was formulated in AD 325 and 381 at the First and Second Ecumenical Councils.
What is the difference between veneration and worship?
It is to treat something or someone with reverence, deep respect, and honor. Veneration is distinct from worship (gr. latreia ), for worship is a total giving over of the self to be united with God, while veneration is showing delight for what God has done. There can be confusion because one may venerate what one worships as well as venerate others.
What does it mean to bow to Christ?
Bowing can be a sign of worship as when bowing to Christ at his icon, or his cross. More often bowing is veneration as when bowing to each other, or to the saints at their icons.
What is the power of the Holy Spirit?
In relics, Christians venerate the living and life-creating power of the Holy Spirit, which makes them not only incorrupt, but also healing. In Scripture, it is known that from the touch of the bones of the Prophet Elisseus a dead man was resurrected ( IV Kings 13:21). Also, a woman with an issue of blood, received healing from touching the hem of the Savior’s garment ( Matthew 9:20-22). In another, the sick and the possessed were healed by laying on them the Apostle Paul ‘s handkerchiefs and aprons ( Acts 19:12). The same divine power also grants incorruption and miracle-working power to the bodies of the saints to strengthen the faith of Christians.
Can the faithful kiss the priest’s hand?
The faithful may also kiss the Priest’s right hand from time to time. This, too, is an act of veneration. The people are venerating the High Priesthood of Christ, of which the parish priest is simply a participant.
How many Christian authors have prayed to the Theotokos?
If one presumes the aforementioned graffiti pertains to the Theotokos (which is the most likely interpretation of the archaeological evidence) and includes to two hymns from the preceding section, there are six separate Christian authors invoking prayers to the Theotokos out of a total of approximately 200 known pre-Nicene authors whose writings we have. This means about three percent of the extent authors venerated the Theotokos according to the written evidence–a proportion half that of the hymnographic evidence, but within the same ballpark.
What percentage of the hymns before the Council of Nicea included the veneration of saints?
To sum up the hymnographic evidence as of present, about about six percent of all hymns before the Council of Nicea include the veneration of saints—one being about Thekla and two others which contain veneration of the Theotokos. These numbers must be taken with a grain of salt because this is admittedly still a scanty amount, perhaps minimizing or exaggerating how much veneration of the saints existed. Additionally, the numbers are affected by about 80 percent of the hymns coming from a single source.
How many writers were there at the Council of Nicea?
For the sake of simplicity, one can estimate that there were approximately 150-200 separate “Christian”* authors who wrote befor the Council of Nicea whose works are extent, not including the writers of the New Testament or hymns (covered above). (Kirby 2020) These authors often focused on very specific controversies and their writings usually have nothing directly to do with prayer, let alone the Theotokos or a given saint. Despite all of this, we still have six pre-Nicene authors writing something, somewhere, containing explicit Marian prayers/veneration.
Why do Protestants oppose Marian veneration?
Protestants object to Marian veneration due to it being, allegedly, a late innovation that wormed its way into Christian practice . Nevertheless, strictly opposing the practice on literal Biblical grounds would be overly simplistic. Most reasonable people realize that a plethora of pious practices, such as going to worship on Sunday or celebrating Easter (what Orthodox call “Pascha”), do not have explicit Biblical warrant. This is not a stumbling block for most, because these practices are documented in the first and second centuries of Church history. This adds credibility to Biblical inferences interpreters draw when justifying their observance.
What does the Ascension of Isaiah 11:12-14 teach?
Ascension of Isaiah 11:12-14, which teaches that the Theotokos’ had no pain in childbirth. It should be noted that this work is Docetist (a first and second century Christological heresy which posits Jesus Christ only appeared to be incarnate and did not have a physical body).
What does the Book of Mary’s Repose say about salvation?
The Book of Mary’s Repose, which states in its conclusion that “those who decided to be saved will receive assistance from her. And if they receive the image of light, they will receive her rest and her blessing.” (Shoemaker 2016, 121) It should be noted that this work is a highly developed Gnostic work and is heretical in several respects.
Which saint provides a short summary of the Latria-Dulia distinction?
Saint Augustine provides a short summary of the Latria-Dulia distinction:
What is spontaneous action inspired by?
spontaneous actions inspired by the Holy Spirit
Why is the year 1054 important?
The year 1054 is important in the history of Christianity, because it was the year in which: Constantine was born. the Western and Eastern Churches excommunicated with each other. the first pope was made bishop of Rome. the last Crusade took place. the Western and Eastern Churches excommunicated with each other.
Which religions believe in the Eucharist?
Catholic and Orthodox Christians are more recent converts. Protestant Christians believe that the Eucharist is the body and blood of Jesus. Catholic and Orthodox Christians believe that the Eucharist is the body and blood of Jesus. Protestant Christians are more recent converts.
Which two churches excommunicated with each other?
the Western and Eastern Churches excommunicated with each other.
Where does Belinda go to church?
Belinda attends a church in Jay, Florida, where members often receive gifts of the spirit, such as speaking in tongues, and are "slain in the Spirit." Which Christian movement is she part of?
Is liturgy a set pattern?
Christian ritual of public worship or liturgy is often a set pattern. What might cause a break in the pattern in some churches?
Why did the Orthodox believe Mary was born without sin?
They teach that Mary was, due to a special act of God, born without original sin, a doctrine known as the "immaculate conception.". Orthodox Christians reject the doctrine of original sin and therefore reject the immaculate conception. However, the Orthodox do share a belief with Catholics that Mary lived a sinless life.
What are the similarities between Catholicism and Orthodoxy?
One of the most significant doctrinal areas in which Catholic and Orthodox Christianity are unique is in their understanding of Mary, the mother of Jesus. While both Catholics and Orthodox venerate or honor Mary, their understanding of her role in salvation and her nature are distinct.
What is the role of Mary in salvation?
Catholics refer to Mary as "Co-Redemptrix" with Christ and as a mediator between humanity and God. Orthodox Christians refer to Mary as the "Theotokos," or "God-bearer.". They see Mary’s role as the mother of the savior.
What are the three rituals of veneration?
3 Rituals of Veneration. Catholics have many prayers and other rituals that serve to honor and venerate Mary. One of the most popular Catholic prayers, the Rosary, is centered on Mary. Catholics have a feast that celebrates their belief that Mary didn’t die, but rather went directly to heaven: the Feast of the Assumption.
Do Orthodox believe in Mary?
Orthodox have a prayer that uses a set of beads, but it is known as "The Jesus Prayer" and doesn’t specifically venerate Mary. While many Orthodox do believe that Mary did not die but went directly to heaven, this belief isn’t required by the church and there isn’t a church holiday celebrating this event.
Did Mary have a sinless life?
Meanwhile some Eastern theologians, such as St. John Chrysostom, were suggesting that Mary may not have lived a sinless life.
Is there a difference between Catholic and Orthodox Christianity?
For the first thousand years of Christianity’s existence, there was no official distinction between Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Yet Eastern and Western Christians began to differ much earlier than that on certain beliefs, including some of those that impact their views of Mary.