a history of christianity in the philippines

a history of christianity in the philippines插图

1521

Who were first introduced Christianity to the Philippines?

Who brought Christianity in the Philippines? Spain introduced Christianity to the Philippines in 1565 with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. When did Islam came to Philippines? 14th century Islam was the first-recorded monotheistic religion in the Philippines.

What is the percentage of Christians in the Philippines?

by Jack Miller. The Philippines proudly boasts to be the only Christian nation in Asia. More than 86 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 6 percent belong to various nationalized Christian cults, and another 2 percent belong to well over 100 Protestant denominations. In addition to the Christian majority, there is a vigorous 4 percent Muslim minority, concentrated on the southern islands of Mindanao, Sulu, and Palawan.

What are the major religions in the Philippines?

What are the main religions in Philippines? T he major religion in the Philippines is Roman Catholic Christianity, followed by Islam and other types of Christianity. Other Christian groups in the country include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Latter-Day Saints, Assemblies of God, Seventh-day Adventists, and numerous others.

How did Christianity begin in the Philippines?

Spain introduced Christianity to the Philippines in 1565 with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. Earlier, beginning in 1350, Islam had been spreading northward from Indonesia into the Philippine archipelago.

Where did Ferdinand Magellan sail?

The Christian history of the Philippines began in 1521 when Ferdinand Magellan landed on the island of Cebu just before Easter. Though he was Portuguese, Magellan was sailing on behalf of the Spanish crown on a journey that began two years earlier in Spain. The goal of Magellan’s mission was to find an alternate route to the Spice Islands by sailing west. The Spice Islands were a small group of islands to the northeast of Indonesia and the southeast of the Philippines. They were known for being the largest producers of nutmeg, clove, mace, and pepper in the world. On a map today, the Spice Islands are known as the Moluccas.

Was Magellan successful in evangelism?

Initially, Magellan seemed successful in the dual tasks of commerce and evangelism. The first local chief he met, Humabon, received the Gospel and became a Christian. According to tradition, Humabon’s grandson had suffered with an untreatable fever for several years, but after he was baptized, he was cured within days. As word of this miracle spread, openness to the Gospel also spread throughout Humabon’s people. In the end, over 2,000 locals from the surrounding villages of Cebu – just to the south of me — converted to Christianity.

Who was the first Filipino convert to Christianity?

Magellan’s men were outnumbered and defeated, and Magellan was killed in the battle. Soon after, Humabon, the first Filipino convert, renounced his Christian faith and turned against the remaining Spaniards in his village. Those who survived fled the island of Cebu and the first attempt at sharing the Gospel in the Philippines was over.

Who led the Spanish expedition to the Philippines?

However, this time their expedition was led by a military captain turned Augustinian monk, Andres de Urdaneta. When Urdaneta joined the Spanish fleet in Mexico in 1565, he insisted on traveling to the Philippines as a missionary, not a soldier. Urdaneta was quickly viewed as a “protector of the Indians” for his compassionate treatment of the Filipino natives. Five other monks of the Augustinian order joined Urdaneta, starting a Catholic missionary presence in the Philippine islands that would last for three centuries.

Why did Magellan fight in the Battle of Mactan?

Several historians believe that Rajah Humabon was the reason why Magellan fought in the Battle of Mactan. Historians see Rajah Humabon’s conversion to Christianity as a way for him to forge relations with Magellan in order to ask the Portuguese explorer’s assistance in Humabon’ s campaign against Lapu-Lapu.

Why did Magellan plant the cross in Cebu?

Magellan also planted a cross on Cebu to mark the arrival of Christianity in the island. He also gave the Queen of Cebu an image of the Santo Niño, the Holy Child Jesus, as a baptismal gift. Both the cross planted by Magellan and the original image of the Santo Niño are still venerated in Cebu. Every January, there is a big feast in Cebu in honor …

What happened 500 years after 1521?

Today, 500 years after 1521, the Filipinos are in another meeting point. Most of us know the story of the Filipino diaspora. In every country that you visit, you would most probably meet a Filipino. 500 years after the Christian faith arrived in our shores, the Filipinos now are the missionaries, whether officially or unofficially. We are the bearers of the Gospel to many parts of the world, in different meeting points of many cultures, traditions, and ideologies.

What was the name of the cross that Jesus and Mary were buried on?

This cross is inscribed with the name of Jesus and Mary in Roman letters and the ancient Tagalog script called Bayabayin.

What did Pope Francis say about the Philippines?

He said: “five hundred years have passed since the Christian message first arrived in the Philippines. You received the joy of the Gospel… And this joy is evident in your people… In the joy with which you bring your faith to other lands. Keep bringing the faith, the good news you received five hundred years ago, to others. I want to thank you, then, for the joy you bring to the whole world and to our Christian communities.”

Why is 2021 special?

2021 is a special year. It is special not just because we are seeing a bit of the light at the end of this pandemic tunnel. It is special because this year the Catholic Church in the Philippines is commemorating the 500 years of the arrival of Christianity in the archipelago. Aside from this, the country is also commemorating …

Who led the last remaining ship of the original five back to the Iberian Peninsula in 1522?

Only the Spanish Captain Elcano led the last remaining ship of the original five back to Iberian Peninsula in 1522. The island of Cebu with Mactan Island center right with the city of Lapu Lapu. Different Viewpoints. The event that we are commemorating can be viewed from different perspectives.

What island did Magellan set his sights on?

So Magellan set his sights to the island of Cebu (located to the left of Leyte) where Chief Humabonreigned.

What is the sequence of Advent Masses known as?

These include but are not limited to: the sacramental practices that are fostered within the family systems; the countless devotions to the saints, especially to Mary, as expressed through daily rosary recitations, novenas and pilgrimages; the sequence of Advent masses known as Simbang Gabi (“Night Masses”) that continues to grow in popularity throughout the U.S.; and the active participation of so many Filipinos in their local parish liturgies, pastoral outreach programs and diocesan social events.

How many islands did Magellan colonize?

With the success of establishing a working relationship with the island inhabitants of Cebu, it didn’t take long for Magellan to set his sights on more ambitious and expansive goals by considering the colonization of the entire archipelago, comprising of over 4,400 islands and islets.

What did Magellan convince the Spanish king to do?

Based on his interpretation of the Treaty of Tordesillas, Magellan convinced the Spanish king that the exploration rights to the Spice Islands or Moluccas (located just northeast of Indonesia and south of the Philippines) was debatable.

How many Filipinos profess Catholicism?

Today, 8 in 10 Filipinos profess Catholicism as their faith. After Brazil and Mexico, the Philippines boasts the third largest number of Catholics, followed by the United States. Even beyond numbers, it is easy to experience and appreciate how the Catholic faith has been integrated within the myriad social and spiritual practices …

How many people were baptized after Humabon’s death?

And as predicted, over 2,200 of his people were baptized afterward.

Did Magellan circumvent the world?

Alas, Magellan never completed his goal of circumventing the entire world, but his crew eventually accomplished this significant feat in his name. The quincentenary that marks the introduction of Roman Catholicism in the Philippines cannot go unnoticed, given the impact and influence that Catholicism has and continues to have in …

Why does Christianity stick in the Philippines?

But by and large, the faith thrives today because Filipinos appropriated Catholicism to make it their own religion.

What was the relationship between Spain and the Philippines?

Spain’s close relationship with the Philippines was cemented after explorer Miguel Lopez de Legazpi discovered a route between the islands and Mexico, making trade between the two colonies—and the kingdom —possible. Legazpi set up a permanent Spanish outpost in Manila in 1571 and, after evicting its rulers and inhabitants, decided that the island would become the capital of the new colony. Legazpi built Manila in the style of a typical European town, with a plaza, cathedral, and public offices from which the entire archipelago was governed. Only Spaniards, however, could reside within the walled city. The natives—known like other indigenous communities in the New World as indios —had to resettle elsewhere.

How did Catholicism affect everyday life?

Catholicism’s influence affected everyday life and annual traditions. Church bells rang as a reminder for communities and families to recite the Angelus and other prayers. Mass attendance was also recorded every Sunday. In many cases, the Catholic pantheon of saints replaced local deities believed to be behind the agricultural cycle, though the holidays and festivals persisted—just under the banner of the patron saints. Consequently, by the 17th century, Catholicism had become the pervasive religion among lowland Filipinos, especially in Luzon and the Visayas.

What led to the death of Magellan?

But local resistance in nearby Mactan Island, headed by its ruler, Lapu-Lapu, led to the death of Magellan and his comrades. Despite Magellan’s death, the Spanish sent other expeditions back to the Philippines. As the century wore on, expeditions became increasingly crucial for Spain.

Why were mass baptisms not practiced?

For example, mass baptisms were not practiced just because a datu (local leader) converted. Although some missionaries destroyed images ( larawan ), the majority relied on nonviolent persuasion to convince local converts to abandon their indigenous worship and practices.

Why did Spain name the Philippines?

The crown believed that the Philippines would become a new and important source of revenue for the empire. It was Ruy Lopez de Villalobos’s trip in 1543 that named the islands Filipinas, in honor of Spanish King Philip II.

How were the islands connected to each other?

While they did not exist as one country, the islands were nevertheless connected to each other via trade routes and slave-raiding that included other territories in the region. Trade, in fact, existed before the 10th century. The islands also teemed with religious diversity.