a history of russian christianity

a history of russian christianity插图

9th century
Christianity was introduced into Kievan Rus by Greek missionaries from the Byzantine Empire in the9th century. In 863–869,Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius translated parts of the Bible into the Old Church Slavonic language for the first time,paving the way for the Christianization of the Slavs.Founder:Apostle Andrew, Vladimir of Kiev, Michael, 1st metropolitan of KievHeadquarters:Moscow, RussiaLanguage:Church Slavonic (basic) and local languagesMembers:125,000,000

How did the Christianity spread to Russia?

How did the Byzantine version of Christianity spread to Russia? Christianity spread to Russia through the Byzantine Empire. … Christianity was then spread through texts in the creation of the Cyrillic alphabet (written language for the Slavonic language).Within 100 years Christianity was established and claimed an important convert, Grand Duke Vladimir the 1 of Kiev.

How Russia became Christian?

The most authoritative source for the early Christianization of Rus’ is an encyclical letter of Patriarch Photius, datable to early 867.Referencing the Siege of Constantinople of 860, Photius informs the Oriental patriarchs and bishops that, after the Bulgarians turned to Christ in 863, the Rus’ followed suit. As was the case with the Bulgarians, the Patriarch found it prudent to send to the …

How did Russia become Orthodox Christian?

How Did Russia Become Primarily Orthodox? – Christianity in Russia After the Rus. Christianity gradually replaced Slavic paganism in Russia. Then the Mongols invaded Russia, and they followed Tengrism. They converted to Islam later, but they barely brought it into Russia. The Mongols and their successors fell, and the Russians reclaimed their …

What was the Russians religion before Christianity?

What was the religion in Russia before Christianity? Slavic paganism or Slavic religion describes the religious beliefs, myths and ritual practices of the Slavs before Christianisation, which occurred at various stages between the 8th and the 13th century.

Where did the baptism of the millennium take place?

That despite the millennium events primarily conducted in Moscow in 1988, the baptism that the millennium celebrates actually took place in the region that is today known as Ukraine, in the ancient city of Kiev (hundreds of miles from Moscow, which hardly even existed in 988)?

Is the Ukrainian Catholic Church banned?

That the Ukrainian Catholic Church, which claims direct lineage to the 988 baptism, is today banned in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and its four million adherents are either worshipping “underground” in Ukraine or have scattered across the globe, primarily to the U.S. and Canada?

Who ordered the baptism of the people of Kiev?

T hat Prince Vladimir, the Slavic ruler credited with the Christianization of Rus’ (not Russia), allegedly ordered all the inhabitants of Kiev, his capital city, to appear at the river for baptism on a particular day in 988 or they would be considered enemies of the kingdom?

What was the impact of the Mongol invasion on the Russes?

The Mongol/Tartar invasion (1227–1240) produced a general collapse of the political, economic and cultural life of the Russes , especially in the cities where Christianity had known its earliest developments, and where monasteries had been early established. When some form of national life was resumed in the 14th century, centered on the principality of Moscow, the rebirth of religion was closely linked to the rebirth of monasticism. But the monks of this period, at least the most fervent and influential among them, took to leaving the cities and settling in the vast forests of the center the North.

What was the spirituality of ancient Russia?

Ancient Russian spirituality, like its Latin and Byzantine counterparts, was mainly monastic spirituality . Yet it would be a mistake to think that it therefore neglected the problems specific to lay spirituality. In this, Russia was different from the Western Middle Ages, and even the Byzantine Middle Ages, and the reason for this was first and foremost the strongly evangelical direction of at least one part of Russian monasticism since its very beginnings. Just as it had been with primitive monasticism, the monk in Russia was not so much someone who had a vocation apart, as someone who had a particularly intense vocation to fulfill the simple, basic Christian requirements. This was also probably why the layman saw monastic life less as an ideal life, impossible of attainment, than as a positive incentive to transpose into his own conditions the aspiration to be found there at the height of its purity.

What does the priest do at the beginning of the Sunday service?

At the very beginning of the service, the priest comes out to spread incense around and above the believers, and here again we notice points of difference between Orthodoxy and Protestantism. During the drama of the Liturgy (the main Sunday service), Orthodox priests dress in vestments reminiscent of royalty in order to denote the royal presence of the Lord Jesus Christ at the gathering of the faithful community. This is especially emphasized when the priests face the worshippers.

What does Orthodox worship?

Orthodox prayers are offered to God the Father, Jesus, God the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. During worship assemblies, the members’ frequent making of the sign of the cross “in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” is an ongoing reminder of the Trinity.

Where is Andrew Sorokowski now?

Andrew Sorokowski, having both a degree in law and a master’s degree in Soviet studies from Harvard, is now completing a doctoral dissertation in history at the University of London School of Slavonic and East European Studies. From 1984–87 he was in Kent, England, working with Keston College, a research institute that specializes in reporting on religious life in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

Where was Theodosius born?

In the city of Vasilkov, on an unknown date, Theodosius was born to a well-to-do family that moved shortly afterwards to Kursk, north and west of Kiev. His father died when he was about 13, and he was henceforth under the thumb of a mother who is portrayed by Theodosius’s biographer as a veritable virago, whose one passion was to dominate her eldest son. She was horrified when he began to show pity and love for the poor.

Where did the message of Christ reach?

Actually, the message of Christ had reached the lands north of the Black Sea long before the 980 s. Church tradition has it that sometime between 50 and 60 A.D. the Apostle Andrew, the first apostle that Jesus called, visited the future site of Kiev and possibly left new converts behind in other parts of that region, which was then known as Scythia. In fact, the Apostle Paul mentions the Scythians in his letter to the Colossians (3:11), apparently suggesting that some were already becoming Christians.