a persecutor and second founder of christianity

a persecutor and second founder of christianity插图

Was Domitian a great persecutor of Christians?

On occasion ancient writers similarly tried to spin their version of the truth. Jones tackles the familiar line that Domitian, who reigned between 81 and 96 C.E., was a great persecutor of Christians. This “fact” is now standard stock in much popular writing on the book of Revelation and is even found in some scholarly tomes.

Was Paul a follower of Jesus or a persecutor?

As we saw in earlier posts, Paul was originally antagonistic toward the Christians and worked hard to “destroy” (his word) the church. Thus both Paul and the book of Acts insist strongly that he started out not as a follower of Jesus but as a persecutor of his followers.

Why was there persecution of the Christians?

Reasons for the persecution emerge from the record of Christianity’s first three centuries. Persecution did not begin with the Roman authorities. The New Testament writings tell of fratricidal strife between Jews and Christians, the latter …

What was the persecution of the Christians under Nero?

Christian Persecution Under Emperor Nero (54-69) Nero was a crazy, cruel Roman emperor who ruled for fourteen years, from 54 to 68. A great fire burned down much of Rome in 64; most historians believe that it was started by Nero, but that he blamed the fire on Rome’s Christian community. As a result, Nero martyred many Christians in Rome.

What was the progress of Christianity in the 20th century?

The Progress to the 20th Century. Christianity’s progress was slow yet unsure at the start. When Emperor Constantine broke the ice , it was a colossal win, yet there are still matters to face. The number of believers increased, and the Roman Christians spread wide and far over time.

Why did Nero give the order to the Romans?

Nero himself gave the order, so they were free for all. The believers received the hatred and angst of the whole Romans. Many religious sects were not only tortured, but they were put for amusement by some people. When they could not endure it, they simply died from the horrific incidents.

What religion was the ruling religion at the time of Jesus’ death?

Generations after the death of Jesus on the cross, Christianity reached the farthest lands. It encountered the Roman Empire, which Nero rules. Judaism was the ruling religion at that time in the Empire. It was the hope of the needy, and they do not accept any other.

What was the most significant blow of the century?

However, the prior incident and Emperor Nero’s push made them believe it was for the public’s good. The treatment lasted for several years until the most significant blow of the century, the Diocletianic Persecution.

How were Roman Christians discriminated against?

The Roman Christians were discriminated against through stripping of legal rights. They need to worship the Roman Gods, or more bad things will happen to them. Once again, it was broad discrimination. When the Edict of Milan was passed in 313 AD, the Christians finally managed to breathe.

Why were churches destroyed?

Churches were ransacked and destroyed in the hope of severing the ties of the people to its monarchy. Notably, there were close ties between the relation and the ruler. Christianity was the bridge where the upper class can win the masses. The churches were not the only affected symbol of faith.

How did the Roman Empire change?

Time went by, and different people ruled the Roman Empire. There was a lot of change, mostly when one emperor nods on giving more weight to Christianity. There were laws made for it.

Why was it important for the Pharisees to stamp out apostasy?

For the Pharisees, stamping out this apostasy was vital to preparing for Messianic rule. Many of them undoubtedly saw themselves in the role of Phinehas, who personally turned back a plague on Israel when he impaled an Israelite man and Midianite woman engaged in a sexually-debauched worship of Ba’al of Peor ( Numbers 25:6-15 ).

What did the Pharisees believe about the Messiah?

The Threat to All That Matters. The Pharisees believed in a coming Messiah, and many believed the Messiah’s appearance was imminent. They rightly believed that nothing could thwart God’s will and the inauguration of a Messianic kingdom.

Why were the Jews looking for the Messiah?

Similarly, the Jews of the First Century were looking for the appearance of the Messiah to establish God’s Kingdom. Paul would have been among a zealous group of Pharisees intent on preventing a departure from the faith that would delay the arrival of the Messiah.

What does it mean when someone is accursed of God?

(This passage specifically refers to a criminal who has already been executed. After stoning the individual, the community hangs his dead body from a tree.) First Century Jews witnessed the horrors of Roman crucifixions.

What happened when Paul visited Thessalonica and Berea?

To understand what happened when Paul visited Thessalonica and Berea ( Acts 17 ), we must understand more about the man himself. Paul was a seemingly tireless pioneer of the faith taking the gospel message to the Gentile world. Before we can understand Paul’s contributions, we must understand his former life. We must come to grips with Saul the persecutor of Christians!

What was the only recourse to the Sanhedrin?

Their only recourse, short of accepting the truth, was to drag Stephen before the Sanhedrin on trumped up charges ( Acts 6:9-12 ). The specific charges laid out before the Sanhedrin cannot really shed much light on the motivation for the simple reason that they were made by “false witnesses” ( verses 13-14 ).

What was the issue with the crucifixion?

The issue was one of claiming that the crucified Jesus was the Messiah. Crucifixion, in the eyes of the Pharisees, indicated that God had cursed an individual. To these Pharisees, a statement in the book of Deuteronomy supported this view.

How would a person survive the onslaught?

The way a person would survive the onslaught was not by obeying the Law of God or by loving their neighbors as much as themselves. Salvation would come only by believing in Christ’s death and resurrection. (Click here to learn more about Paul’s importance to Christianity.)

What is Christianity about?

Christianity is about believing in his death and resurrection for salvation. And since, in this view, it was Paul who first formulated that belief, he is the founder (or co-founder) of the Christian religion.

How to prepare for a catastrophic event?

People needed to prepare for that imminent catastrophic event by turning to God and living in the ways that he decreed through the proper observance of the Torah, principally by loving (and trusting) God above all else and by loving their neighbors as themselves.

Was Paul a follower of Jesus?

Thus both Paul and the book of Acts insist strongly that he started out not as a follower of Jesus but as a persecutor of his followers.

Who was the founder of Christianity?

It is often claimed that the Founder of Christianity was the apostle Paul – or at least that he was the co-Founder, along with Jesus. The idea behind this claim is that Christianity is not really about the historical Jesus.

What did the Christians say when Jesus came?

As far as Paul was concerned, by proclaiming Jesus as the Messiah, the Christians were in effect saying that the Law no longer had any place in the lives of Jews. This could not possibly be correct.

What was the significance of Paul’s acceptance of Jesus as the Messiah?

Their acceptance of Jesus as the Messiah had implications for Judaism that they had failed to recognize. Like all Jews of the period Paul believed that the Messiah would come one day. The present was the ‘Time of the Law’ in which the Mosaic code dictated behaviour.

How long did Paul spend in the Holy City?

His conversion can be dated to AD 33. Since Pharisees ventured outside Jerusalem for only brief periods, we can safely assume that Paul spent these 18 years in the Holy City. This means Paul and Jesus were in Jerusalem at the same time. Jesus had made several visits before being crucified there on 7 April AD 30.

Why did Paul break off persecution?

We do not know why Paul broke off his persecution of Christians to go to Damascus. Luke tells us that he was commissioned by the High Priest to arrest Jews who had become Christians and to bring them in chains to Jerusalem. This is a neat explanation, but it cannot be correct historically. The authority of the High Priest was limited to Jerusalem and its immediate environs.

What does Luke tell us about persecution?

He himself tells us that his persecution of the church was the proof of his ‘zeal’. Contrary to what Luke tells us in the Acts of the Apostles, he had no authority to arrest, imprison or execute. He could only make the lives of Christians a misery by repeated challenges and vociferous argument. The Conversion of St Paul.

What was the proslytizing mission of the first Christians?

The proslytising mission of the first Christians was very low-key. There was nothing brutal or disruptive. They believed that their new faith was the full flowering of Judaism. Thus they continued to live as Jews who cherished all the traditional values and customs. They differed from other Jews only in what they added.

What did the Jewish authorities find disturbing?

The Jewish authorities found the appearance of a new group disturbing. In the light of what they foresaw as a major struggle against Rome, any further fragmentation of Judaism could only be construed as a danger to the survival of the people.

Why are atheists not scholarship?

Atheists are not known for scholarship. They are mainly reactionaries. For various personal or emotional reasons, they have rejected faith in God. Their disbelief is not the result of careful research and objective evaluation of factual data. But, being unwilling to simply wither away in their own intellectual stagnation, …

What did the apostle Paul say about the Christian Way?

The apostle later said that he had persecuted the Christian Way unto foreigncities (Acts 26:11), which is another commentary on how extensively it had flourished. It is the epitome of irresponsibility to allege that Paul was the “founder” of Christianity.

How many times is Jesus mentioned in Paul’s letters?

For example, the name “Jesus” is found no fewer than 221 times in Paul’s thirteen known letters.

How many people were in the church at Pentecost?

Christianity was launched on the day of Pentecost, fifty days after the death of Jesus (Acts 2). On its first day it consisted of no less than three thousand people (Acts 2:41). Shortly thereafter, the number had grown to five thousand men alone (Acts 4:4). Subsequently “believers were the more added to the Lord” (5:14), because the apostles had filled Jerusalem with their teaching (5:28). Every day the message of Christ was being proclaimed (5:42), and the church experienced phenomenal growth on a daily basis (6:7). At this time, as any elementary Bible student knows, Saul of Tarsus (later designated as Paul) was still a zealous persecutorof the church. He was one of the principals at the death of Stephen, the first Christian martyr (8:1).

What was the purpose of the student confronting Saul in Acts 9?

When the student confronts Saul in Acts 9, the fiery Hebrew was making preparation to leave for Damascus (in Syria) in order to extradite Christians; the religion of Jesus had expanded beyond the northern borders of Palestine (9:2-19).

Where did Paul preach?

Third, it is only in light of the fact that Paul was consumed with the historical Christ that one can explain the sustained growth of the church under the influence of his teaching. He likely preached from Jerusalem in the east, to Spain in the west (cf. Romans 15:24). His known travels spanned some twelve thousand miles.

Was Jesus born of woman?

Paul noted that Christ was born of woman (Galatians 4:4); that he was of the lineage of Abraham (Galatians 3:16), and of the seed of David (Romans 1:3). The apostle states that Jesus was sent “in the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3), though he never committed a single personal sin (2 Corinthians 5:21).

How long did Christianity endure hostility?

Beginning as a despised, illicit religious sect, Christianity endured 300 years of hostility to emerge as the dominant force in the Roman Empire.

What is the Jewish legacy in the Book of the Maccabees?

The Jewish legacy portrayed, in writings such as the Fourth Book of the Maccabees, the glorious nature of death rather than renunciation of Israel; even without this, Christianity would inevitably have held the martyr’s death in high esteem.

Which Roman governor had no hesitation in sending to immediate execution those who had been denounced as being Christians?

Despite this toleration, by the early second century the Roman governor of Bithynia (on the Black Sea) had no hesitation in sending to immediate execution those who had been denounced as being Christians. The name alone was a sufficient death warrant.

Did persecution begin with the Roman authorities?

Persecution did not begin with the Roman authorities. The New Testament writings tell of fratricidal strife between Jews and Christians, the latter …

What did Peter write about persecution?

While imprisoned in Rome, Peter wrote 1 Peter, which he sent to churches that were experiencing hardships throughout central and northern Asia Minor. However, the let-. ter gives no indication that these Christian persecutions were the result of a direct imperial decree by Nero.

Where did John go to exile?

Some Bible teachers suggest that the apostle John was exiled to the island of Patmos during the reign of Nero. They hold to an early writing date of the book of Revelation before 70, instead of a later date, during the reign of Domitian, around 95. Nero committed suicide in 69. Andrew Jackson 2021-03-25T20:38:21-07:00.

Who was the Roman emperor who ruled for fourteen years?

Christian Persecution Under Emperor Nero (54-69) Nero was a crazy, cruel Roman emperor who ruled for fourteen years, from 54 to 68. A great fire burned down much of Rome in 64; most historians believe that it was started by Nero, but that he blamed the fire on Rome’s Christian community. As a result, Nero martyred many Christians in Rome.

Why did the Senate order the damnation of Domitian’s memory?

Because Domitian had offended the aristocratic elite, the Senate ordered the damnation of his memory. Even though Suetonius ( Domitian 8.1) stated that Domitian carefully and conscientiously administered justice, later writers such as Dio Chrysostom (67.2.4) perpetuated his damaged reputation using alternative facts.

Why is the Revelation used as evidence of persecution?

The problem with using the Revelation as evidence of persecution in the reign of Domitian is that to do so one must assume that the Revelation was written during Domitian’s reign. The reason for doing this is that the Revelation seems to indicate a background of persecution. This reasoning is circular.

How long after the facts was Eusebius born?

ERRATA CORRIGE: Eusebius was born about 160 years after the facts; he didn’t write “over three centuries after”. Moreover in my translation of C.H. I don’t find neither a paragraph III 18.1.5 nor the sentence of Ireneus supposed to be there (in particular there is no “only”).

Why is Domitian’s legacy so clouded in the ancient sources?

Why is Domitian’s legacy so clouded in the ancient sources? Domitian’s assassination in 96 C.E. brought an end to the Flavian dynasty, and the dynasty founded by Nerva, the next Roman emperor, lasted into the third century C.E. Because Domitian had offended the aristocratic elite, the Senate ordered the damnation of his memory. Even though Suetonius ( Domitian 8.1) stated that Domitian carefully and conscientiously administered justice, later writers such as Dio Chrysostom (67.2.4) perpetuated his damaged reputation using alternative facts.

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Did Domitian have persecution?

Despite these cautious statements by three earlier authors, Eusebius then spun his own alternative fact by claiming that Domitian, like Nero, had “stirred up persecution against us” (“ anekinei diōgmon ”; CH 3.17). From here the tradition was enlarged by Orosius (d. 420 C.E.), who, in his History Against the Pagans, wrote that Domitian issued edicts for a general and cruel persecution (7.10.5). Despite a lack of evidence, Jones observes that the tradition concerning Domitian’s persecution persists: “From a frail, almost non-existent basis, it gradually developed and grew large.” 2 Thus the alternative facts sown by these ancient historians grew to a truism of Christian history.