What is the history of Christianity in the Philippines?
The Christian history of the Philippines began in 1521 when Ferdinand Magellan landed on the island of Cebu just before Easter. Though he was Portuguese, Magellan was sailing on behalf of the Spanish crown on a journey that began two years earlier in Spain.
What is the quincentenary of Christianity in the Philippines?
This year we celebrate the quincentenary of Christianity in the Philippines. It was 500 years ago, in 1521, that the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, representing the Spanish Empire, arrived in the Visayan region of the Philippines. Thus began the process of European colonization, which eventually led to the establishment of Christianity.
Why do Filipinos believe the pope is the highest authority of Christianity?
Filipinos believed that the Pope and the priests are the highest authority of Christian faith, because God has ordained from heaven. True Christians somehow have believed that it is easier to reach and lead Filipinos to Christ, because they already have background of Christianity. However, that is not true at all.
When is the 500th anniversary of Christianity in the Philippines?
The complexity of these feelings reflects a larger reality in the country as it celebrates the 500th anniversary of the arrival of Christianity in the Philippines this year. The year-long celebration will formally begin on April 4, 2021 – Easter Sunday – and end on April 22, 2022.
Why did Magellan fight in the Battle of Mactan?
Several historians believe that Rajah Humabon was the reason why Magellan fought in the Battle of Mactan. Historians see Rajah Humabon’s conversion to Christianity as a way for him to forge relations with Magellan in order to ask the Portuguese explorer’s assistance in Humabon’ s campaign against Lapu-Lapu.
Why did Magellan plant the cross in Cebu?
Magellan also planted a cross on Cebu to mark the arrival of Christianity in the island. He also gave the Queen of Cebu an image of the Santo Niño, the Holy Child Jesus, as a baptismal gift. Both the cross planted by Magellan and the original image of the Santo Niño are still venerated in Cebu. Every January, there is a big feast in Cebu in honor …
What happened 500 years after 1521?
Today, 500 years after 1521, the Filipinos are in another meeting point. Most of us know the story of the Filipino diaspora. In every country that you visit, you would most probably meet a Filipino. 500 years after the Christian faith arrived in our shores, the Filipinos now are the missionaries, whether officially or unofficially. We are the bearers of the Gospel to many parts of the world, in different meeting points of many cultures, traditions, and ideologies.
What was the name of the cross that Jesus and Mary were buried on?
This cross is inscribed with the name of Jesus and Mary in Roman letters and the ancient Tagalog script called Bayabayin.
What did Pope Francis say about the Philippines?
He said: “five hundred years have passed since the Christian message first arrived in the Philippines. You received the joy of the Gospel… And this joy is evident in your people… In the joy with which you bring your faith to other lands. Keep bringing the faith, the good news you received five hundred years ago, to others. I want to thank you, then, for the joy you bring to the whole world and to our Christian communities.”
Why is 2021 special?
2021 is a special year. It is special not just because we are seeing a bit of the light at the end of this pandemic tunnel. It is special because this year the Catholic Church in the Philippines is commemorating the 500 years of the arrival of Christianity in the archipelago. Aside from this, the country is also commemorating …
Who led the last remaining ship of the original five back to the Iberian Peninsula in 1522?
Only the Spanish Captain Elcano led the last remaining ship of the original five back to Iberian Peninsula in 1522. The island of Cebu with Mactan Island center right with the city of Lapu Lapu. Different Viewpoints. The event that we are commemorating can be viewed from different perspectives.
What is the meaning of the phrase "the sword and the cross" in the Philippines?
Celebrating – or even remembering – the arrival of Christianity in the Philippines, however, is complex and wrought with controversy. For one thing, the evangelization of the Philippines is understandably tied up with the reality of Spanish colonialism. The phrase “the Sword and the Cross” is commonly used in discussing the Spanish conquest …
What did the Catholic Church do during the Spanish colonial period?
The Catholic Church and other Christian groups have also been integral in promoting acts of charity throughout history, from setting up hospitals, leprosariums, and asylums during the Spanish colonial period, to providing aid and shelter for typhoon victims and those affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Advertisement.
What groups lobbied for the Reproductive Health Bill?
The Catholic Church hierarchy and several Christian groups also lobbied for decades against the Reproductive Health Bill, even after it was eventually passed into law in 2012. Moreover, these same groups continue to represent the most entrenched opposition to the legalization of divorce in the Philippines.
When is the 500th anniversary of Christianity in the Philippines?
The year-long celebration will formally begin on April 4, 2021 – Easter Sunday – and end on April 22, 2022. The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) …
When will pilgrims receive plenary indulgences in 2022?
Pilgrims who visit one of these churches any time until April 22, 2022 may receive plenary indulgences according to the February 25 decree issued by Pope Francis to the CBCP. Many Filipino Catholics also tuned in to the Pope’s March 14 mass, which was dedicated to the 500-year anniversary of Christianity in the Philippines.
Where is the first Easter Mass celebrated in the Philippines?
Among the events to be commemorated are the first Easter Mass in the country on the island of Limasawa, and the first baptism in Cebu. More than 500 “ Jubilee churches ” have also been identified for …
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Where did Ferdinand Magellan sail?
The Christian history of the Philippines began in 1521 when Ferdinand Magellan landed on the island of Cebu just before Easter. Though he was Portuguese, Magellan was sailing on behalf of the Spanish crown on a journey that began two years earlier in Spain. The goal of Magellan’s mission was to find an alternate route to the Spice Islands by sailing west. The Spice Islands were a small group of islands to the northeast of Indonesia and the southeast of the Philippines. They were known for being the largest producers of nutmeg, clove, mace, and pepper in the world. On a map today, the Spice Islands are known as the Moluccas.
Was Magellan successful in evangelism?
Initially, Magellan seemed successful in the dual tasks of commerce and evangelism. The first local chief he met, Humabon, received the Gospel and became a Christian. According to tradition, Humabon’s grandson had suffered with an untreatable fever for several years, but after he was baptized, he was cured within days. As word of this miracle spread, openness to the Gospel also spread throughout Humabon’s people. In the end, over 2,000 locals from the surrounding villages of Cebu – just to the south of me — converted to Christianity.
Who was the first Filipino convert to Christianity?
Magellan’s men were outnumbered and defeated, and Magellan was killed in the battle. Soon after, Humabon, the first Filipino convert, renounced his Christian faith and turned against the remaining Spaniards in his village. Those who survived fled the island of Cebu and the first attempt at sharing the Gospel in the Philippines was over.
Who led the Spanish expedition to the Philippines?
However, this time their expedition was led by a military captain turned Augustinian monk, Andres de Urdaneta. When Urdaneta joined the Spanish fleet in Mexico in 1565, he insisted on traveling to the Philippines as a missionary, not a soldier. Urdaneta was quickly viewed as a “protector of the Indians” for his compassionate treatment of the Filipino natives. Five other monks of the Augustinian order joined Urdaneta, starting a Catholic missionary presence in the Philippine islands that would last for three centuries.
How did the Spaniards colonize the Philippines?
The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than 300 years through its pagan system of Christianity. They (Spaniards) successfully implanted, through the priests, their false beliefs, practices and traditions into the minds of many Filipinos that hardened their hearts to listen and believe the true words of God from other people. Filipinos believed that the Pope and the priests are the highest authority of Christian faith, because God has ordained from heaven. True Christians somehow have believed that it is easier to reach and lead Filipinos to Christ, because they already have background of Christianity. However, that is not true at all. Roman Catholics are stubborn and difficult to be persuaded to believe other forms of Christianity…show more content…
What does Antonio learn from the Golden Carp?
Antonio’s first encounter with the golden carp tests his Catholic faith in which he learns from this experience. “I could not have been more entranced if I had seen the Virgin, or God himself. The golden carp had seen me.” (pg 114) Antonio’s Catholic faith is being tested for the first time. He has encountered another god, a pagan god, other than his Catholic God. He learns that there are other gods other than God himself but he learns from this and later becomes a more devout Catholic when he takes catechism classes which starts to solidify his faith in God.
Why did Okonkwo convert to Christianity?
The reasons for his conversion is being his fear for: his father, the gods for Igbo culture, the Igbo customs and beliefs.Nwoye has always preferred the peaceful stories of his mother;her stories made him happy. His father has always seen Unoka in him so his father had hated him, Okonkwo wanted Nwoye to be "manly"; he wanted Nwoye to be violent, aggressive, and show his superiority to females. He also feels that he spiritually belongs in the Christian family. Nwoye saw a God who he did not have to fear in Christianity; he saw a tradition where he was not accepted to be violent and aggressive, He say hope to live the way he wanted in this new tradition.
Where did James Baldwin go to high school?
At this time Baldwin went to DeWitt Clinton High School and also Frederick Douglass Junior High School. During his academic years, He won many awards for his writing skills. The joy that Baldwin sense from having his classmate praise his work was outshined, Nevertheless, by his father’s objection of his non-Christian-oriented writing. James Baldwin’s father was a very creed Christian who forced Baldwin to go to church every sunday. For some years (from ages 14 through 17), James was even a clergyman.
What island did Magellan set his sights on?
So Magellan set his sights to the island of Cebu (located to the left of Leyte) where Chief Humabonreigned.
What is the sequence of Advent Masses known as?
These include but are not limited to: the sacramental practices that are fostered within the family systems; the countless devotions to the saints, especially to Mary, as expressed through daily rosary recitations, novenas and pilgrimages; the sequence of Advent masses known as Simbang Gabi (“Night Masses”) that continues to grow in popularity throughout the U.S.; and the active participation of so many Filipinos in their local parish liturgies, pastoral outreach programs and diocesan social events.
How many islands did Magellan colonize?
With the success of establishing a working relationship with the island inhabitants of Cebu, it didn’t take long for Magellan to set his sights on more ambitious and expansive goals by considering the colonization of the entire archipelago, comprising of over 4,400 islands and islets.
What did Magellan convince the Spanish king to do?
Based on his interpretation of the Treaty of Tordesillas, Magellan convinced the Spanish king that the exploration rights to the Spice Islands or Moluccas (located just northeast of Indonesia and south of the Philippines) was debatable.
How many Filipinos profess Catholicism?
Today, 8 in 10 Filipinos profess Catholicism as their faith. After Brazil and Mexico, the Philippines boasts the third largest number of Catholics, followed by the United States. Even beyond numbers, it is easy to experience and appreciate how the Catholic faith has been integrated within the myriad social and spiritual practices …
How many people were baptized after Humabon’s death?
And as predicted, over 2,200 of his people were baptized afterward.
Did Magellan circumvent the world?
Alas, Magellan never completed his goal of circumventing the entire world, but his crew eventually accomplished this significant feat in his name. The quincentenary that marks the introduction of Roman Catholicism in the Philippines cannot go unnoticed, given the impact and influence that Catholicism has and continues to have in …
What is Christianity’s history?
Christianity’s history is rooted in the struggle of the oppressed. After all, it was originally a movement of oppressed people. It was "a religion of slaves and emancipated slaves.". After 500 years, some conditions may have changed, but oppression and injustice remain.
What did the Filipinos see in the colonizers?
Filipinos saw the disjunct between the colonizer’s religious teachings and their actual conditions. In times of historical crises, religion becomes, according to Karl Marx, the "sigh of the oppressed," and becomes an expression of real suffering. Its teachings helped, in a way, in articulating the people’s plight.
What was the Progressive Church influenced by?
Progressive church people were also influenced by liberation theology, which originated from Latin America and seeks to apply the teachings of Christ in fighting against poverty, inequality, imperialism, and all forms of injustices. Advertisement.
What was the role of the Church in the Marcos regime?
The church carried the issues of human rights violations and social inequalities perpetuated by the Marcos regime. Church people played a crucial role during the EDSA People Power movement that ousted the dictator.
What were the struggles of the Spanish colonists?
During Spanish colonization, struggles for liberation and equality took religious forms such as the secularization movement, which resulted in the execution of the GomBurZa, and the Confradia of Hermano Pule. Some revolts also held masses and recognized religion, such as the revolt of Dagohoy. Even the 1896 Revolution, despite its liberal …
What were the leaders of revolts called?
Leaders of revolts, as well as liberal reformists, were called herejes and were persecuted. Friars and the Church became feudal landlords with more powerful political clout than government officials. Patriarchy and other feudal values were also perpetuated through religion.
What did the Spanish teach about salvation?
They were taught that salvation should not be sought from this material world, but from the afterlife. Be a good and obedient subject now and go to heaven in death, or else suffer in hell. Resistance to Spanish rule is considered heresy.
What did the Rappler article argue for?
Last March 16, Rappler published an op-ed that argued for the non-celebration of the quincentennial of Christianity in the Philippines. In that piece, the writer argued that doing so is an insult to our ancestors and invalidates the abuses that happened due to our colonization. The points raised in the article were understandable.
Should the quincentennial of Christianity be celebrated?
So, should the quincentennial of Christianity be celebrated? Yes. Beyond theological perspectives, it, too gave significant contributions to the formation of various Filipino struggles towards freedom. While it may be a colonial imposition, the Filipinos, through either or combination of resistance, innovation, or conformity, infused their culture and viewpoints to embrace it as if it were its own.
Did the Katipuneros fight in the Revolution?
And yes, the Katipuneros fought the in the Revolution with anting-anting and oracions that were obviously inspired by Church rituals and sacramentals. These developments were also seen even in the religious realm.
Was Christianity instrumentalized by the West?
The points raised in the article were understandable. Historical experiences, not only of the Philippines, but also of other former European colonies, have shown that Christian evangelization was instrumentalized by the West for its colonial project. It cannot be denied that as a co-opter of colonization, political interference, persecutions, discrimination, corruption, and canonical infidelities were committed by some agents of Christianity.
Was Christian evangelization instrumentalized by the West for its colonial project?
The points raised in the article were understandable. Historical experiences, not only of the Philippines, but also of other former European colonies, have shown that Christian evangelization was instrumentalized by the West for its colonial project. It cannot be denied that as a co-opter of colonization, political interference, persecutions, …