a simple outline of the history of christianity

a simple outline of the history of christianity插图

Christianity began in the1st century ADafter Jesus died and was claimed to be resurrected,as a small group of Jewish people in Judea,but quickly spread throughout the Roman empire. Despite early persecution of Christians,it later became the state religion. In the Middle Ages it spread into Northern Europe and Russia.

What is the timeline of early Christianity?

Early Christianity: From the apostles until the Council of Nicea under Constantine in A.D. 325 The Post-Nicene Era: The general ecumenical church councils from A.D. 325 to 451 The early Middle Ages: From the Council of Chalcedon in 451 to the Great Schism in 1054 Late Middle Ages: From the Great Schism to the beginning of the Reformation in 1517

What is the story of Christianity?

The story of Christianity is a complex and multi-layered narrative. According to the Bible, the first church was created 50 days after Jesus’ death. This is the time when the Holy Spirit was said to descend onto Jesus’ followers. The church was centered in Jerusalem, and most of the first Christians were Jewish converts.

What is the origin of the Christian church?

The Christian church began with Jesus. His influence is worldwide. It is Jesus who fulfilled prophecy, calmed storms with a command, raised the dead, died on the cross, and rose from the dead. No other founder of a religion has done that. Beginnings to Constantine (4 B.C. – A.D. 325)

What are the different eras of Christianity?

There are seven different eras we will look at: The Apostolic Era: From Christ until the death of the last apostle, John, around A.D. 100 Early Christianity: From the apostles until the Council of Nicea under Constantine in A.D. 325 The Post-Nicene Era: The general ecumenical church councils from A.D. 325 to 451

What is Christianity?

Christianity is the world’s largest religion. The Christian faith originated from the life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is also the most widespread and diverse belief system.

How did the Reformation change Christianity?

The Reformation transformed Christianity in more ways than Martin Luther could have imagined. In his 95 theses, he protested the corruption of the Church. It included selling church offices, debauchery, and selling indulgences. But the Church cracked to open up society to the thought of something more than an imperial church.

Why do we need to look back to our origins?

They say one needs to look back to his origins so he can succeed in the future. This is true for Christians and for all denominations. Most people wanted to study the history of Christianity to understand the different facets of their faith.

How many Christians are there in the world?

Christians comprise over two billion believers. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest and most influential denomination. Eastern Orthodoxy is the second-most populous, and the Protestant churches are the most diverse.

Why was the Reformation important?

Here the people thought of more than just the Church to govern their lives. They thought about the human experience in more economic and democratic ways.

Where was the first church built?

The story of Christianity is a complex and multi-layered narrative. According to the Bible, the first church was created 50 days after Jesus’ death. This is the time when the Holy Spirit was said to descend onto Jesus’ followers. The church was centered in Jerusalem, and most of the first Christians were Jewish converts. One of the callings of the early Christians was to spread and teach the gospel.

Why was Protestantism called Protestantism?

Protestantism directly came from the Reformation. The Roman Catholic Church called them “Protestant” because they railed against papist principles.

How many eras are there?

There are seven different eras we will look at: The Apostolic Era: From Christ until the death of the last apostle, John, around A.D. 100. Early Christianity: From the apostles until the Council of Nicea under Constantine in A.D. 325. The Post-Nicene Era: The general ecumenical church councils from A.D. 325 to 451.

What are the two most significant events in the history of Christianity?

The two most significant events, as far as their affect on church history, are the marriage of mainline Christianity with the government of Rome under the reign of Constantine the Great and the Reformation, which ended the Middle Ages.

When did the Reformation begin?

Late Middle Ages: From the Great Schism to the beginning of the Reformation in 1517

What were the groups that supported Rome?

Other groups were the Herodians, supporters of the client kingdom of the Herods (a dynasty that supported Rome) and abhorrent to the Zealots, and the Essenes, a quasi-monastic dissident group, probably including the sect that preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls.

What was the predominant note of Palestinian Judaism?

In Palestinian Judaism the predominant note was separation and exclusiveness. Jewish missionaries to other areas were strictly expected to impose the distinctive Jewish customs of circumcision, kosher food, and Sabbaths and other festivals.

What was the relationship between the early church and Judaism?

Christianity began as a movement within Judaism at a period when the Jews had long been dominated culturally and politically by foreign powers and had found in their religion (rather than in their politics or cultural achievements) the linchpin of their community .

Who are the main targets of criticism in the Gospels?

In the canonical Gospels (those accepted as authentic by the church) the main targets of criticism are the scribes and Pharisees, whose attachment to the tradition of Judaism is presented as legalistic and pettifogging. The Sadducees and Herodians likewise receive an unfriendly portrait. The Essenes are never mentioned.

Who established God’s rule?

God’s rule would be established by an anointed prince, or Messiah (from mashia?, “anointed”), of the line of David, king of Israel in the 10th century bce. The proper course of action leading to the consummation of the drama, however, was the subject of some disagreement.

Who was the king of Palestine in 168-165 BCE?

But the attempts of foreign rulers, especially the Syrian king Antiochus IV Epiphanes (in 168–165 bce ), to impose Greek culture in Palestine provoked zealous resistance on the part of many Jews, leading to the revolt of Judas Maccabeus against Antiochus.

What is the meaning of "ablution" in Christianity?

Ablution in Christianity – Is a prescribed washing of part or all of the body or of possessions, such as clothing or ceremonial objects, with the intent of purification or dedication.

What is liturgical year?

Liturgical year – cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches which determines when feast days, including celebrations of saints, are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.

What is Jesus based on?

Jesus in Christianity – are based on the teachings and beliefs outlined in the Canonical gospels, New Testament letters, and the Christian creeds; they outline the key beliefs held by Christians about Jesus, including his divinity, humanity, and earthly life.

What is the primary sacred text of Christianity?

The primary sacred text of Christianity is the Bible. Its name is derived from the Latin word biblia, which simply means “books.” The Christian Bible is made of two parts: the Old Testament, which is almost identical to the Jewish Bible; and the New Testament, a collection of Christian writings that includes biographies of Jesus Christ and the apostles, like the Apostle Paul, letters to new churches, and an apocalyptic work.

What is the LDS movement?

Latter Day Saint movement ( Mormonism )– Latter Day Saint movement (also called the LDS movement) is the collection of independent church groups that trace their origins to a Christian primitivist movement founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 . Most members of the movement today are part of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, but a fraction of Latter Day Saint sects, most notably the Community of Christ, the second largest Latter Day Saint denomination, and those sects that split from the Community of Christ, follow a traditional Protestant trinitarian theology.

What is the largest religion in the world?

Christianity is an based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Christ, whose coming as the messiah was prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, called the Old Testament in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament . It is the world’s largest religion with about 2.4 billion followers.

Where did the term "camp meeting" originate?

Camp meeting – form of Protestant Christian religious service originating in Britain and once common in some parts of the United States, wherein people would travel from a large area to a particular site to camp out, listen to itinerant preachers, and pray.

Which clause was introduced in the Nicene Creed?

c. 555-59 – Council of Toledo introduces the filioque clause to the Nicene Creed, which would eventually breed tension with Eastern Christians.

Why did Leo III destroy icons?

Emperor Leo III (717-42) decided to destroy icons since he thought they were barriers to the conversion of Jews and Muslims

How did speculations on the Trinity begin?

Began speculations on the Trinity through investigation of how they are experienced

What happened in c. 67-68?

c. 67-68 – Peter and Paul are executed. 66-70 – Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple by Emperor Titus as a result of a Jewish revolt resulted in redefining the structure of Judaism and Antioch becoming the center of Christianity. 81 – Roman persecution under Diocletian. Jews oust Christians from the synagogues.

Why was Constantinople criticized?

Criticized at the Council of Constantinople (381) for his overreaction to Arianism.

How many books of the New Testament are canonical?

c. 200 – The Church recognizes 23 New Testament books as canonical.

What was the result of the Neronic persecutions due to blaming Christians for fires in Rome?

64 – Neronic Persecutions due to blaming Christians for fires in Rome results in the death of thousands of Christians.

What are the factors that contributed to the spread of Christianity?

It also illustrates the factors such as; early Christian beliefs, the assembly of believers and separation from Israel among other factors that contributed to its spread.The paper also discusses Paul’s mission among the Gentiles was an element to the rapid spread of Christianity in places such as; Thessalonica Alexandria, Antioch and Ephesusamong other places.

What is the term for believers in the New Testament?

In writing the New Testament, the term initially used to refer to believers was the “assembly”. Assembly was a Greek word Ecclesia; it meantan assembly or a group of people.

How many adherents does Christianity have?

Through this belief, Christianity has attractedmore than a billion adherents globally.Though the twentieth centuryhas seen Christianity split into various denominations, the largest being the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and countless protestant churches respectively.

How long has Christianity been around?

The history of Christianity dates back to thousands of years ago . It is connected with divisions, debate and conflicts. Though these issues are common with all major world religions, Christianity to a certain extend has endeavored to address them openly. Besides these challenges, Christianity has exploited the beauty that comes with the religion.

What was the New adherents in the Roman Empire?

New adherentswerefound in severalplaces of the Roman Empire. There was also the assembly of believers who had alienated themselves from the Israel religion. This group fixedbroad evaluations about the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, and what it meant (Christianity). Also, the community of believers improvised measures and forms of adoration that remained prominent in their lives.

What does the term "church" mean?

Much later, in the third and fourth century, the term “church” came into use. It meant a definite assembly that believers were composed of. The “church “was also a Greek term, Kuriakon. It designated “belonging to the Lord” (Guisepi).

How did Paul strengthen the growth and expansion of Christianity?

Paul strengthened the growth and expansion of Christianity by pulling the church from the synagogue and the temple. He alsoseparated the church and made it a distinct institution. The separation was purelyPaul’s interest rather than a physical separation to benefit other Christians. The separation had some doctrinal value.