a summery of christianity

a summery of christianity插图

Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death ofJesus of NazarethNazarethNazareth is the largest city in the Northern District of Israel. Nazareth is known as the Arab capital of Israel. In 2017 its population was 76,551. The inhabitants are predominantly Arab citizens of Israel, of whom 69% are Muslim and 30.9% Christian. Nazareth Illit, declared a separate city i…en.wikipedia.org(the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. It has a constituency of more than two billion believers.

What is the religion of Christianity?

The religion is based principally around the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. With Christians believing in a only one God, the religion is also monotheistic. Christians believe the Bible is the word of God, and although some choose to take it more literally than others, it is generally considered to be inspired by the Holy Spirit.

What is the essence of Christianity?

The essence of Christianity revolves around the life, death and Christian beliefs on the resurrection of Jesus. Christians believe God sent his son Jesus, the messiah, to save the world.

What does it mean to be Christian?

Christianity, at its core, is a faith that believes in the redemption back to God through Jesus Christ. We go back to putting God at the center of our lives when we live with Christ’s principles in our hearts. Christianity has a long and checkered history. Christians triumphed in overcoming the persecution of the Romans.

What are the basic concepts of Christianity?

Some basic Christian concepts include: Christians are monotheistic, i.e., they believe there’s only one God, and he created the heavens and the earth. This divine Godhead consists of three parts: the father (God himself), the son ( Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit.

Why were prophets sent?

Prophets were sent to turn people away from their wickedness. God sent prophets to correct people who were acting wickedly. The prophets would often instruct people to turn away from their wickedness and foretell of punishments for sin which would come upon the people. Prophets were often persecuted.

What did the Israelites do after leaving Egypt?

After leaving Egypt, the Israelites wandered through the wilderness on their way to a land flowing with milk and honey, which God wanted them to live in. While they were in the wilderness, God gave Moses the law, which Moses taught the Israelites to obey.

How did Jesus perform miracles?

By the power of God, Jesus performed many miracles. Some of these miracles included healing all kinds of diseases, bringing dead people back to life, casting out demons, controlling the weather, walking on water, and turning water into wine.

What did Eve eat to get Adam?

Eve was deceived into thinking that they wouldn’t die, so she ate some fruit from that tree and gave some to Adam. After disobeying God by eating the fruit, they hid themselves in the garden from God’s presence. That is when man first sinned (disobeyed the known will of God).

Why did God flood the earth?

The earth was flooded to destroy the wicked. Men and women had reproduced and populated the earth. The wickedness of man was great, the earth had become filled with violence, and God was grieved. However, one man named Noah found grace in the eyes of God. God destroyed the wicked by flooding the earth with water.

Why did God change Abram’s name?

God later changed Abram’s name to Abraham (which means father of many nations). God told Abraham that in his offspring all the nations of the earth would be blessed , because he obeyed God’s voice. Abra ham gave birth to Isaac, Isaac gave birth to Jacob, and Jacob’s name was changed to Israel. Israel’s twelve sons were the fathers …

How did God destroy the wicked?

God destroyed the wicked by flooding the earth with water. During the flood, he saved Noah and his family by protecting them in a large boat along with animals of every kind. After the flood waters had receded, God blessed Noah and his sons and told them, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.”.

What are the factors that contributed to the spread of Christianity?

It also illustrates the factors such as; early Christian beliefs, the assembly of believers and separation from Israel among other factors that contributed to its spread.The paper also discusses Paul’s mission among the Gentiles was an element to the rapid spread of Christianity in places such as; Thessalonica Alexandria, Antioch and Ephesusamong other places.

What is the term for believers in the New Testament?

In writing the New Testament, the term initially used to refer to believers was the “assembly”. Assembly was a Greek word Ecclesia; it meantan assembly or a group of people.

How many adherents does Christianity have?

Through this belief, Christianity has attractedmore than a billion adherents globally.Though the twentieth centuryhas seen Christianity split into various denominations, the largest being the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and countless protestant churches respectively.

How long has Christianity been around?

The history of Christianity dates back to thousands of years ago . It is connected with divisions, debate and conflicts. Though these issues are common with all major world religions, Christianity to a certain extend has endeavored to address them openly. Besides these challenges, Christianity has exploited the beauty that comes with the religion.

What was the New adherents in the Roman Empire?

New adherentswerefound in severalplaces of the Roman Empire. There was also the assembly of believers who had alienated themselves from the Israel religion. This group fixedbroad evaluations about the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, and what it meant (Christianity). Also, the community of believers improvised measures and forms of adoration that remained prominent in their lives.

What does the term "church" mean?

Much later, in the third and fourth century, the term “church” came into use. It meant a definite assembly that believers were composed of. The “church “was also a Greek term, Kuriakon. It designated “belonging to the Lord” (Guisepi).

How did Paul strengthen the growth and expansion of Christianity?

Paul strengthened the growth and expansion of Christianity by pulling the church from the synagogue and the temple. He alsoseparated the church and made it a distinct institution. The separation was purelyPaul’s interest rather than a physical separation to benefit other Christians. The separation had some doctrinal value.

What is the main tenet of Christianity?

Its principal tenets are that Jesus is the Son of God (the second person of the Holy Trinity), that God’s love for the world is the essential component of his being, and that Jesus died to redeem humankind. Christianity was originally a movement of Jews who accepted Jesus as the messiah, but the movement quickly became predominantly Gentile. The early church was shaped by St. Paul and other Christian missionaries and theologians; it was persecuted under the Roman Empire but supported by Constantine I, the first Christian emperor. In medieval and early modern Europe, Christian thinkers such as St. Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and Martin Luther contributed to the growth of Christian theology, and beginning in the 15th century missionaries spread the faith throughout much of the world. The major divisions of Christianity are Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism. Nearly all Christian churches have an ordained clergy, members of which are typically though not universally male. Members of the clergy lead group worship services and are viewed as intermediaries between the laity and the divine in some churches. Most Christian churches administer two sacraments, baptism and the Eucharist. In the early 21st century there were more than two billion adherents of Christianity throughout the world, found on all continents.

What is an encyclopedia editor?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.

Where is the Transfiguration of Christ?

Transfiguration of Christ, mosaic icon, early 13th century; in the Louvre, Paris.

Do all Christian churches have a clergy?

Nearly all Christian churches have an ordained clergy, members of which are typically though not universally male. Members of the clergy lead group worship services and are viewed as intermediaries between the laity and the divine in some churches.

Who was the first Christian emperor?

The early church was shaped by St. Paul and other Christian missionaries and theologians; it was persecuted under the Roman Empire but supported by Constantine I , the first Christian emperor.

Who Was Jesus?

Most historians believe that Jesus was a real person who was born between 2 B.C. and 7 B.C. Much of what scholars know about Jesus comes from the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

What are the basic beliefs of Christianity?

Some basic Christian concepts include: 1 Christians are monotheistic, i.e., they believe there’s only one God, and he created the heavens and the earth. This divine Godhead consists of three parts: the father (God himself), the son ( Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit. 2 The essence of Christianity revolves around the life, death and Christian beliefs on the resurrection of Jesus. Christians believe God sent his son Jesus, the messiah, to save the world. They believe Jesus was crucified on a cross to offer the forgiveness of sins and was resurrected three days after his death before ascending to heaven. 3 Christians contend that Jesus will return to earth again in what’s known as the Second Coming. 4 The Holy Bible includes important scriptures that outline Jesus’s teachings, the lives and teachings of major prophets and disciples, and offer instructions for how Christians should live. 5 Both Christians and Jews follow the Old Testament of the Bible, but Christians also embrace the New Testament. 6 The cross is a symbol of Christianity. 7 The most important Christian holidays are Christmas (which celebrates the birth of Jesus) and Easter (which commemorates the resurrection of Jesus).

Why did Christians believe Jesus was crucified?

Christians believe God sent his son Jesus, the messiah, to save the world. They believe Jesus was crucified on a cross to offer the forgiveness of sins and was resurrected three days after his death before ascending to heaven. Christians contend that Jesus will return to earth again in what’s known as the Second Coming.

What religion did Constantine follow?

Constantine Embraces Christianity. The Catholic Church. The Crusades. The Reformation. Types of Christianity. Sources. Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. The Christian faith centers on beliefs regarding the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

What are the three parts of Christianity?

This divine Godhead consists of three parts: the father (God himself), the son ( Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit. The essence of Christianity revolves around the life, …

What did Jesus use to teach?

Jesus used parables—short stories with hidden messages—in his teachings.

How many disciples did Jesus have?

For about three years, Jesus traveled with 12 appointed disciples (also known as the 12 apostles), teaching large groups of people and performing what witnesses described as miracles. Some of the most well-known miraculous events included raising a dead man named Lazarus from the grave, walking on water and curing the blind.

What is Christianity?

Christianity is the world’s largest religion. The Christian faith originated from the life, ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is also the most widespread and diverse belief system.

How did the Reformation change Christianity?

The Reformation transformed Christianity in more ways than Martin Luther could have imagined. In his 95 theses, he protested the corruption of the Church. It included selling church offices, debauchery, and selling indulgences. But the Church cracked to open up society to the thought of something more than an imperial church.

Why do we need to look back to our origins?

They say one needs to look back to his origins so he can succeed in the future. This is true for Christians and for all denominations. Most people wanted to study the history of Christianity to understand the different facets of their faith.

How many Christians are there in the world?

Christians comprise over two billion believers. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest and most influential denomination. Eastern Orthodoxy is the second-most populous, and the Protestant churches are the most diverse.

Why was the Reformation important?

Here the people thought of more than just the Church to govern their lives. They thought about the human experience in more economic and democratic ways.

Where was the first church built?

The story of Christianity is a complex and multi-layered narrative. According to the Bible, the first church was created 50 days after Jesus’ death. This is the time when the Holy Spirit was said to descend onto Jesus’ followers. The church was centered in Jerusalem, and most of the first Christians were Jewish converts. One of the callings of the early Christians was to spread and teach the gospel.

Why was Protestantism called Protestantism?

Protestantism directly came from the Reformation. The Roman Catholic Church called them “Protestant” because they railed against papist principles.

Why is Christianity based on a particular experience or scheme directed to the act of saving?

Christianity is based on a particular experience or scheme directed to the act of saving—that is, of bringing or “buying back,” which is part of what redemption means, these creatures of God to their source in God.

What does it mean to be a Greek philosopher?

To Greek philosophers it meant something intrinsic to and inherent in a thing or category of things, which gave it its character and thus separated it from everything of different character. Thus, Jesus Christ belongs to the essential character of Christianity and gives it a unique identity.

What is the agent of Christianity?

The agent of Christianity is the church, the community of people who make up the body of believers. To say that Christianity “focuses” on Jesus Christ is to say that somehow it brings together its beliefs and practices and other traditions in reference to a historical figure.

What is the second element of Christianity?

A second element of the faith tradition of Christianity, with rare exceptions, is a plan of salvation or redemption. That is to say, the believers in the church picture themselves as in a plight from which they need rescue. For whatever reason, they have been distanced from God and need to be saved.

What is the largest religion in the world?

Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. It has a constituency of more than two billion believers.

Do Christians believe in Jesus Christ?

Although their faith tradition is historical—i.e., they believe that transactions with the divine do not occur in the realm of timeless ideas but among ordinary humans through the ages—the vast majority of Christians focus their faith in Jesus Christ as someone who is also a present reality.

Is Christianity a tradition?

As a tradition, Christianity is more than a system of religious belief. It also has generated a culture, a set of ideas and ways of life, practices, and artifacts that have been handed down from generation to generation since Jesus first became the object of faith.

What are Christian Beliefs and Principles?

Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the anointed saviour of the world and that his presence on earth was the fulfilment of the prophesies made in the Old Testament about the Messiah who was to come and save humanity from their sins.

Why is Christianity derived from Judaism?

Initially, Christianity was derived from Judaism. Why? Because Jesus Christ was a Jew, and so were his twelve disciples. The religion is based principally around the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. With Christians believing in a only one God, the religion is also monotheistic.

Why is Jesus’ death important to Christians?

Christians consider Jesus’ death, resurrection and ascension to be the most important doctrines in their faith. This is because Jesus shows his omnipotence over death and ultimately is the most convincing evidence for Christians that he is fully God.

How much of the world population did Christianity claim in the last 100 years?

Christianity has claimed roughly a third of the world’s population for the last 100 years.

What is the consequence of Jesus’ death?

The consequence of this is. that anyone who accepts this belief, receives eternal life and freedom from sin.

What was the divide between Protestantism and Catholicism?

In the following years, the divide between Protestantism and Catholicism became irrevocably interwoven with politics. During all this, due to the discovery of the Americas, and subsequent colonial expansion by European countries, Christianity began to spread across the world, to the Americas, sub-Sahara Africa, and East Asia.

When was Christianity officially made the religion of the Roman Empire?

In 380 , Christianity was officially made the religion of the Roman Empire. In the following years, it was declared that Jesus was both fully man and fully God, the books of the Bible were determined, and they also decided that the Nicene Creed was a permanent doctrine of the church at the Council of Rome.

What is the demographic watershed in Acts?

In BAR, Geza Vermes wrote: “Acts identifies the demographic watershed regarding the composition of the Jesus movement. It began around 40 C.E. with the admission into the church of the family of the Roman centurion Cornelius in Caesarea (Acts 10). Later came the gentile members of the mixed Jewish-Greek church in Antioch (Acts 11:19–24; Galatians 2:11–14), as well as the many pagan converts of Paul in Syria, Asia Minor and Greece. With them the Jewish monopoly in the new movement came to an end. Jewish and gentile Christianity was born.”

What did the 11 apostles preach to?

Geza Vermes described the mission of the 11 apostles to preach to “all the nations” (Matthew 28:19) as a “‘post-Resurrection’ idea.”. After the crucifixion, the apostles began to champion a new faith in Jesus and the ranks of the Jesus movement (known as “the Way” at the time) swelled to 3,000 Jewish converts.

Why are scrolls important?

Since Christianity began as a sect of Judaism, the scrolls are very important for understanding the earliest Christians and their writings—the ] […] (published by AuthorHouse), author K.A.G. Thackerey takes a dispassionate look at first-century Christianity from a bottom-up perspective.

What did the new converts abstain from?

In reference to the new Gentile converts abstaining from all forms and practices relating to idolatry, consumming the meat of strangled animals, consuming blood and the practice of sexual immorality as specified in the law of Moses, this was given so as not to case apprehension among the new converts.

Why did God turn away his attention to look at other nations for obedience to Jesus?

Because the Israelires were so disobedient and THEY killed Jesus as well , so God turned away his attention to look at other nations for obedience to him. Judaism which means Monotheism (One God). When Jesus came and started to prwach at tbe age o30 he started the beginning o.f Christianity.

How many people were baptized on Pentecost 33 CE?

From Pentecost 33 CE when over 3 000 were baptised, they, as Christians, no longer followed the Mosaic Law. The Law was finished, ended, gone, kaput…… Jesus by his death, fulfilled the Law.

Who is the scholar of the Dead Sea Scroll?

In the November/December 2012 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Dead Sea Scroll and early Christianity scholar Geza Vermes explored the origin of Christianity by examining the characteristics of the Jewish Jesus movement to see how it developed into a distinctly gentile religion. In the New Testament, Jesus only preaches to a Jewish audience.

What is the most famous book of Clive Staples?

Mere Christianity, by Clive Staples (“C. S.”) Lewis, was first published in 1952 as an expansion of some radio talks Lewis had given during World War II. Though Lewis himself is best known for his children’s fantasy series, The Chronicles of Narnia, Mere Christianity is likely Lewis’s most famous work of Christian apologetics—a genre dedicated to addressing various critiques of Christian theology. Lewis was well poised to make this kind of argument, having grown disillusioned with Christianity as a teenager only to return to it as an adult. The success Mere Christianity has enjoyed since its publication is also due to its accessibility; Lewis was a scholar of literature rather than of theology, and so discusses complicated religious concepts in more conversational terms than a non-layperson might. This study guide refers to the 2001 HarperCollins edition of the work.

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What does Lewis say about morality?

Lewis begins by discussing morality, arguing that almost all humans have an innate sense of right and wrong, and that the content of this moral code is largely universal. Although Lewis acknowledges that cultural differences do exist, he believes that these are generally minor and superficial.

Why is the book "Mere Christianity" so successful?

The success Mere Christianity has enjoyed since its publication is also due to its accessibility; Lewis was a scholar of literature rather than of theology, and so discusses complicated religious concepts in more conversational terms than a non-layperson might.

When was the book "Mere Christianity" first published?

Mere Christianity, by Clive Staples (“C. S.”) Lewis, was first published in 1952 as an expansion of some radio talks Lewis had given during World War II.

Is God good or bad?

It follows that, for Pantheists, God is both good and bad— or rather, that our understanding of good and bad is the byproduct of our own limitations, and that God is beyond such concepts. For Christians, by contrast, God is infinitely good and wants humans to behave in particular ways.

Why does Winthrop believe in love?

Winthrop argues that love naturally occurs when we recognize some likeness between ourselves and another. Lack of love, in turn, arises from contrariness in our inner nature. Therefore those joined together in Christ cannot help but to see likeness between themselves, and therefore must treat each other with love. This discovery of likeness in others is a delight for the soul, and causes people to wish to be as one body. Therefore, “among the members of the same body, loue and affection are reciprocall in a most equall and sweete kinde of commerce” (43). To “love and live beloved” (44) is paradise on Earth.

What are the two rules that Winthrop gave to men?

Winthrop gives two rules men should observe to create and foster these bonds of affection: Justice and Mercy . These are divinely sanctioned acts, and respectively represent “the lawe of nature and the lawe of grace, or the morrall lawe and the lawe of the gospel” (34).

What does Winthrop say about love?

Winthrop argues that love naturally occurs when we recognize some likeness between ourselves and another.

Why does Winthrop say that all Christians are a single body?

From this Winthrop concludes that all Christians are a single body, and must work together to preserve each other, just as a body functions as one.

Why did Christ lay down his body?

It is this selflessness for the larger whole that caused Christ to lay down his body for the good of Christianity, and for many saints to do the same . Winthrop next discusses love’s inspiration in Christians. God created Adam as the perfect model of mankind, and the love which he possessed was perfect.

What is the next portion of Winthrop’s sermon?

The next portion of Winthrop’s sermon deals with exercising the law of mercy through giving, lending, and forgiving. Framed as a sequence of rhetorical questions, and answers with frequent Biblical citations, Winthrop outlines specific frameworks by which Christians should engage in charitable acts.

What is a sermon?

A sermon is a speech on a religious subject, usually used for those delivered by clergy in Christian church services. The sermon’s epigraph (a short, introductory quotation or informational text) tells us Winthrop wrote on board The Arbella, a ship bearing Winthrop and colonists to New England in 1630.