Branches of Christianity
Protestantism and Puritan are thebranches of Christianity. These two sections of Christianity follow different ideologies,methods,and beliefs. The protestant did not believe in Papal authority,but Puritans believed in Papal authority.
Who were the Puritans and what did they believe?
The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement known as Puritanism that arose within the Church of England in the late 16th century. They believed the Church of England was too similar to the Roman Catholic Church and should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in the Bible.
What were the Puritans beliefs and values?
What were Puritans values? Puritans believed that no single person or group of people should be trusted to run the government. Finally, many Americans have adopted the Puritan ethics of honesty, responsibility, hard work, and self-control.
Did the Puritans want to purify the church?
The Puritans wanted the Church of England to become pure by getting rid of Catholic practices. The Puritan wanted to “purify” the Church of England of its remaining Catholic influence and rituals and to return to the simple faith of the New Testament. The Puritan wanted to make reforms or changes.
Did the Puritans support religious toleration?
The Puritans were seeking freedom, but they didn’t understand the idea of toleration. They came to America to find religious freedom—but only for themselves. They had little tolerance or even respect for the Pequot Indians, who lived in nearby Connecticut and Rhode Island. They called them heathens.
How long were the Puritans sermons?
Sermons were central to the intellectual life of the Puritans, and they rarely were less than an hour in length. Times of prayer could also be as long. Hymns were not allowed in the earliest Puritan worship; only psalms or paraphrases of other Scriptures were sung.
What did the Puritans do to the American people?
Their beliefs had a most significant influence on the subsequent development of America. A large portion of later pioneers and westward settlers were descendants of these early Puritans. Their values and princip les, though sometimes secularized and removed from their religious foundations, continued to mold American thought and practices in the next centuries .
What was the Puritan family?
The family was the most basic institution in Puritan society and was organized like a miniature church. Established by God before all other institutions and before man’s fall, the family was considered the foundation of all civil, social, and ecclesiastical life.
What were the Puritans’ influence on the colony?
First came the Pilgrims in the 1620s. They were followed by thousands of Puritans in the 1630s, and these Puritans left their mark on their new land, becoming the most dynamic Christian force in the American colonies. Back in England, the Puritans had been people of means and political influence, but King Charles would not tolerate their attempts to reform the Church of England. Persecution mounted. To many, there seemed no hope but to leave England. Perhaps in America, they could establish a colony whose government, society and church were all based on the Bible. "New England" could become a light Old England could follow out of the darkness of corruption.
What are the rules of Harvard?
The earliest rules for Harvard testify to the Christian commitment expected: Let every student be plainly instructed and earnestly pressed to consider well the main end of his life and studies is, to know God, and Jesus Christ which is eternal life ( John 17:3 ).
What was the loophole in the Massachusetts Bay Company?
A Fortuitous Loophole. When King Charles granted a colonial charter to the Massachusetts Bay Company, the document failed to specify that the governor and officers of the company had to remain in England.
What could New England become?
"New England" could become a light Old England could follow out of the darkness of corruption. "Puritans" had been a name of ridicule first used during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. These were Christians who wanted the Church …
What chapter does Dartmouth University begin?
But Vaughan’s book also reveals just how brutal the Puritans were in their dealings with the Indians — specifically, Chapter V, “The Pequot War, 1637.”.
What did the Puritans believe?
The Puritans believed that they were carrying to America true Christianity as decreed by God, especially as written in the Old Testament. They believed too that they were on a divine mission to America, a place specially appointed by God to be the “New Israel,” a theocratic “city upon a hill.”.
What is the Puritan agenda?
The Puritan’s “Christian” Agenda? One of the opinions most persistently and widely held among American evangelicals today is that America had essentially Christian origins. They rest heavily on an appeal to the Puritan heritage as the most influential Reformation tradition shaping American culture.
What were the most notorious cases of miscarriage of justice in New England?
The most notorious cases of major miscarriage of justice in New England were the Salem witchcraft executions. (See: The Search for Christian America, pp. 34-35.)
What is the Old Testament law?
The Massachusetts “Body of Liberties” of 1641 stated that “if any man after legal conviction shall have or worship any other god, but the lord god, he shall be put to death.”.
Was killing the pagans for the Lord acceptable?
Converting the pagans for God was acceptable to the Puritans, but killing the pagans for the Lord was also acceptable! Defenders of the Puritans claim that it was the hostility of the Pequots that led to their unfortunate demise. But the Pequots were one of the most tranquil tribes in New England.
Who was the friend of the Puritan colony?
Vaughan, an admitted friend of the Puritan colony, makes a well documented case for the efforts of the Pilgrims (Separatists) and early Puritans to win the Indians to Christ. The book contains three chapters detailing the Puritans successful missionary endeavors during those early years.
Who Were the Puritans?
The Puritan migration was overwhelmingly a migration of families (unlike other migrations to early America, which were composed largely of young unattached men). The literacy rate was high, and the intensity of devotional life, as recorded in the many surviving diaries, sermon notes, poems and letters, was seldom to be matched in American life.
Why was Puritanism important to Max Weber?
Perhaps most important, as Max Weber profoundly understood, was the strength of Puritanism as a way of coping with the contradictory requirements of Christian ethics in a world on the verge of modernity. It supplied an ethics that somehow balanced charity and self-discipline.
What did the Puritans believe about the Church of England?
They believed the Church of England was too similar to the Roman Catholic Church and should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in the Bible. Puritans felt that they had a direct covenant with God to enact these reforms. Under siege from Church and crown, certain groups of Puritans migrated to Northern English colonies in …
What is the role of puritanism in American life?
Puritanism in American Life. Puritanism gave Americans a sense of history as a progressive drama under the direction of God, in which they played a role akin to , if not prophetically aligned with, that of the Old Testament Jews as a new chosen people.
What is the difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans?
Differences Between Pilgrims and Puritans. The main difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans is that the Puritans did not consider themselves separatists. They called themselves “nonseparating congregationalists,” by which they meant that they had not repudiated the Church of England as a false church.
What did Puritans favored?
Some Puritans favored a presbyterian form of church organization; others, more radical, began to claim autonomy for individual congregations. Still others were content to remain within the structure of the national church, but set themselves against Catholic and episcopal authority.
What groups were in New England?
Following hard upon the arrival in New England, dissident groups within the Puritan sect began to proliferate– Quakers, Antinomians, Baptists–fierce believers who carried the essential Puritan idea of the aloneness of each believer with an inscrutable God so far that even the ministry became an obstruction to faith.
When Did the Puritans Flourish?
The Puritan period can be identified in different ways based upon different historical definitions, but a commonly identified timeframe for Puritanism would be for the hundred years of so from 1560 to 1659, flourishing in the mid-17th century (1640s–1650s).
What Did the Puritans Emphasize?
The Purtians modeled their church reforms after that which had occurred in Switzerland (especially Geneva and Zurich). The result was a renewal and revival movement that stressed at least the following nine distinctives in conjunction:
What Are Some Reasons Pastors Have Found the Puritans Helpful for Counseling?
Tim Keller’s classic article “ Puritan Resources for Biblical Counseling ” offers six reasons that Puritan works are a rich resource for biblical counselors. The Puritans, Keller explains:
What bookstore has Puritans made accessible books?
Second, Westminster Bookstore announced a special on a new line of books on Puritans Made Accessible.
What is the easiest way to get into the Puritans?
The Puritan paperbacks, published by Banner of Truth, are probably the easiest way to get into the Puritans. These aren’t the versions you’d want to use for academic study, but they are inexpensive and have proven helpful to many.
What did the Puritans do?
The so-called “Puritans” (originally a term deriding their desire for “purity”) of England and New England sought to return the church to its Reformational roots and to further reform it to its pure and biblical foundations.
What is practical thinking driven by?
In our era much practical thinking is driven by emotions. Emotions are enemies of fine distinctions. And yet the ethical and practical issues facing the church today demand precisely such fine distinctions if we are to do our task as pastors and church members: comfort the brokenhearted and rebuke those at ease in their sin. And John Owen was of an era when fine distinctions were part of the very fabric of practical theology.
What do Puritans agree with?
Puritans agree with the historic convictions of Protestantism about the nature, deity, and work of the Holy Spirit.
What do Puritans believe about bread and cup?
With regard to the nature of the bread and cup, Puritans believe in the Real Spiritual Presence of Christ, in contrast to transubstantiation or the memorial view.
What is the Protestant tradition?
One of the hallmarks of the Protestant tradition is the authority of Scripture over and above church tradition. Protestants historically believe in the inspiration and authority of Scripture.
What is the Puritan way of life?
Conservative in all ways: the Puritan way of life is comprised of discipline, honesty, humility, and devotion.
What do Protestants believe?
Protestants believe that salvation is by grace through faith in Christ alone. Protestants can be Arminian, Calvinist, Baptist, or something else.
What is the authoritative final word for Christians in relation to belief, behavior, church, work, society, and more?
The Bible is the authoritative final-word for Christians in relation to belief, behavior, church, work, society, and more
Which religion baptized infants in the framework of Covenant Theology according to the Reformed tradition?
Puritans baptized infants in the framework of Covenant Theology according to the Reformed tradition.
What was the Church of Scotland free from?
In Scotland, from the outset, the Church of Scotland was free from the entanglements which the semi-reformed state of the Church caused in England. At one blow the old priesthood and episcopal hierarchy lost their places, except in the still Catholic Highlands, and the leadership of the Reformed Church was in the hands of Knox [c. 1514-1572] and his brethren. Yet the Presbyterian form of church government, which set them free from the corruption of prelacy and made possible the exercise of a scriptural church discipline, was not long allowed to continue unimpeded. James VI of Scotland had no more enthusiasm for experimental godliness than his mother, Mary Queen of Scots, who was deposed from the throne in 1567, and shortly he set himself against Knox’s successors an activity in which he could engage with all the more power when he also became James I, King of England in 1603. Thereafter, aided by willing bishops, he worked to shackle the independency of the Scottish Church and to suppress the English Puritans. This was the policy which led at length to the Civil War of 1642 and the defeat of his son, Charles I.
What was Philip Henry’s testimony?
The testimony of Philip Henry [1631-1696] may also be cited in regard to the prevalence of evangelical religion in the Commonwealth period. Henry went up to Christ Church, Oxford, in 1647, and within a few years when Thomas Goodwin became President of Magdalen College and John Owen, Dean of Christ Church, the University enjoyed a period of spiritual life comparable to that known in Cambridge in earlier years. Others then studying or teaching at the University included Joseph Alleine, John Howe and Stephen Charnock. Later in the seventeenth century, when the spiritual blight which accompanied the Restoration had done its work, the fashionable Spectator diverted its readers with a tale how Goodwin examined applicants at Magdalen not so much on Latin and Greek as on the state of their souls. The examination of one fearful boy, ‘bred up by honest parents, was summed up in one short question, namely, whether he was prepared for death?’ Ridiculous this might seem to the Spectator’s readers, but Matt hew Henry learned differently of the Oxford of those days from his father:
What was the greatest revival since Pentecost?
The Reformation was the greatest revival since Pentecost. Multitudes being converted to Christ no longer sounded impossible to the pioneering Puritans. They prayed it, believed it and saw it happen.
Where did Samuel Fairclough live?
Samuel Fairclough [1594-1677] left Cambridge in 1623 for Barnardiston in East Anglia. Two years later he moved to Kedington, seventeen miles from Cambridge, where he remained until the Great Ejection. At the time of his settlement the place was characterized by profanity and ignorance, but ‘when he had been there sometime so great was the alteration that there was not a family in twenty but professed godliness’. Many would ride from Cambridge to hear Fairclough’s Thursday ‘lecture’ and not till long after were those days of spiritual blessing forgotten. Kedington Church, Samuel Clarke tells us, was ‘so thronged, that [though, for a village, very large and capacious, yet] there was no getting in, unless by some hours’ attending before his exercise began; and then the outward walls were generally lined with shoals and multitudes of people, which came [many] from far, [some above twenty miles], so that you could see the Church yard [which was likewise very spacious] barricaded with horses, tied t o the outward rails, while their owners were greedily waiting to hear the word of life from his mouth’.
Where did Perkins go to college?
Perkins, born in the year of Elizabeth’s accession, became a student at Christ’s College, Cambridge, in 1577 when he was without any spiritual concern. The great change came while he was still a student. At the age of twenty-four he was made a fellow of his College and later, for over fifteen years until his early death in 1602, preached at St. Andrew’s Church in the same university city. In these capacities Perkins had enormous influence. Even in 1613, when Thomas Goodwin went up to Cambridge, he tells us that ‘the whole town was filled with the discourse of the power of Mr. Perkins’ ministry’. ‘Master Perkins,’ says Samuel Clarke, ‘held forth a burning and shining light, the sparks whereof did fly abroad into all the corners of the kingdom.’
Was Scotland a singular church?
Looking back on this glorious period the Scottish Church historian, Kirkton, later wrote: ‘The Church of Scotland hath been singular among the churches. And, first, it is to be admired that, whereas in other nations the Lord thought it enough to convict a few in a city, village, or family to himself, leaving the greater part in darkness, in Scotland the whole nation was converted by lump; and within ten years after popery was discharged in Scotland. there were not ten persons of quality to be found in it who did not profess the true reformed religion, and so it was among the commons in proportion. Lo! here a nation born in one day.’
Who wrote about the spiritual success of the Commonwealth period?
Baxter goes on to write of the general spiritual success which marked the Commonwealth period and refutes the sneers of those in the days of Charles II who attributed the ‘godliness’ of the former age to the material profit which men obtained by their hypocrisy: