are coptic christians arabs

are coptic christians arabs插图

Actually Copt meansChristian Egyptian. Muslims in Egypt usually call themselves Arabs,and we Christian Egyptians call ourselves Coptic. Even Muslims call us Coptics,not Arabs. The language Arabic as well as the tradition were forced on us by the Arab when they conquered Egypt in 600s AD.

Who are the Arab Christians in Egypt?

Majority of the Arab Christians in Egypt are followers of the Coptic faith and members of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. However, the majority of Copts reject the label of being “Arabs” and instead identify themselves as being of ancient Egyptian heritage.

What is a Coptic Christian?

“Coptic” means “Egyptian,” and Christians living in Egypt identify themselves as Coptic Christians. As a denomination they originated in the city of Alexandria, one of the most faithful, respected, and fruitful cities during the Apostolic Period.

Who are the Coptic Christians in Sudan?

The Coptic Christians are the oldest religion in the Middle East dating back to 42 CE. Moreover, the Copts are the most significant Christian community in Sudan containing approximately 1% of the Sudanese population. The term Copt was approved in English at the beginning of the seventeenth century.

How many Coptic Christians are there in Egypt?

The church observes the Alexandrian Rite for its liturgy, prayer and devotional heritage. With 18–22 million members worldwide, whereof about 15 to 18 million are in Egypt, it is the country’s largest Christian denomination. The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic Particular church in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church.

Why are we not Arabs?

Well, we are not arabs because we’re from Egypt not Saudi Arabia or those other places. We are EGYPTIAN or the more correct term is COPTIC. WE ARE NOT ARABS. I had a whole argument about this with people at school.

What ethnicity were those who survived even if they didn’t convert?

those who survived, even if they didn’t convert, were of mixed ethnicity. eg a young woman who is violated but escapes goes on to have a half-arabic child, whether she likes it or not.

Can South Americans prove their African heritage?

similarly south americans can often not prove how much african/indian/native american/european/other asian ancestry they have.

Is there a Jew or Greek?

There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."

Who wrote the classic book "To read an account"?

to read an account (jewish egyptian perspective), the classic book by bat ye’or is a start.

How many people are Coptic Orthodox?

Around 10% of the Egyptian population are Coptic Orthodox which makes up 11 million out of the 95 million person population that reside in Egypt. Of Egypt’s 95 million residents around 11 million people, or 10%, identify as Coptic Orthodox. The majority of Copts in Egypt attend the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, while a population of approximately 800,000 attend several Coptic Catholic and Coptic Protestant churches throughout Egypt. Outside of Egypt, however, there are far fewer members of the Coptic Orthodox Church. In North America, for example, there are around 300,000 Coptic Christians across the entire continent.

What is the Coptic language?

The Coptic language is one of the most essential tools in learning about the Pharaonic history and biblical studies. The theological school in Alexandria in the 2nd century established the Coptic alphabet to formalize the vernacular of Egypt. In fact, the language and alphabet are related to late Egyptian written using hieroglyphics. The Coptic community has a deep and profound history on Egypt. To learn more about the Copts and other resources, check out Arab America’s blog here!

Where did the word "copt" come from?

The word ‘Copt’ originates from the Ancient Greek Α?γυπτο? (aigyptos), the Greek word for the Egyptian people. The word changed to ‘Copt’ once the Arabs invaded Egypt and could not pronounce the word ‘aigyptos’. Essentially, they changed the world to ‘copt’. Originally, Copts are considered people that have descended from ancient Egypt. However, more recently the word ‘Copt’ specifically refers the Coptic Christian community in Egypt, but can also loosely refer to all Egyptian Christians.

Which country has the largest Coptic population?

The Arab world, although predominantly made up of Muslims, is home to a sizeable population of Coptic Christians. The Arab country with the largest Coptic Christian population is Egypt. Egypt’s Copts, one of the largest Arab Christian populations in the world, make up around 10% of Egyptian’s total population. The Coptic Christian community, despite its members representing only a minority within the wider Arab world, has a deep, robust cultural history and sense of community because of its shared theological teachings, experience as a target of persecution, and strong ties to monasticism. Here are 10 facts you may not know about the Coptic Christian community.

Who was the first bishop of Alexandria?

Furthermore, a number of components of Coptic liturgy can also be traced directly back to St. Mark who had established them as the first bishop of the Alexandria.

What is the Coptic religion?

Coptics were one of the earliest Christian populations in the Middle East. Although integrated into the larger Egyptian nation-state, Coptics have endured as a distinguished religious community making up roughly 10 to 20 percent of the population. They pride themselves on the apostolicity of the Egyptian Church whose originator was the first in a continuous series of elders. The main Coptic organization has been out of accord with both the Roman Catholic Church and the various Eastern Orthodox churches for the last 16 centuries.

How many Copts speak Coptic?

Today, Coptic is the primary language of only about 300 Copts around the world. It is also the ceremonial language of the native Egyptian Churches (the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Coptic Catholic Church ). It is taught worldwide in many prestigious institutions, but its teaching within Egypt is still limited. Dialects of the Coptic language:

What is the most current stage of Egyptian language?

The Coptic Language. The Coptic language is the most current stage of the Egyptian language. Coptic refers more-so to the script or text rather than the spoken language itself.

How is religious liberty affected in Egypt?

Religious liberty in Egypt is hindered to ranging degrees by prejudicial and prohibitive state policies. Consequently, Coptic Christians, being the biggest religious minority in Egypt, are negatively affected by religious persecution. Copts have endured growing marginalization after the 1952 coup d’état led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.

Why are Copts disputed?

Being in countries with Muslim majorities (Egypt, Sudan, Libya), the proportion of the residents that are Copts is a continuously disputed matter, frequently for reasons of religious resentment and hostility.

Where are the Coptic Christians?

Coptic Christians are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to Northeast Africa who predominantly reside in the region of modern Egypt, where they are the biggest Christian denomination in the nation. Learn about the origin and significance of Coptic traditions in Christianity as well as the worldwide membership of Copts today.

How many members does the Alexandrian Rite have?

The church observes the Alexandrian Rite for its liturgy, prayer and devotional heritage. With 18–22 million members worldwide, whereof about 15 to 18 million are in Egypt, it is the country’s largest Christian denomination.

How many Coptic Christians are there in the world?

Estimates of the current population of the Coptic Church range from 10 million to 60 million members worldwide. Theologically, Coptic Christianity is very similar to Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

What is the Coptic understanding of Christ?

The Coptic understanding is that Christ is one nature from two natures: "the Logos Incarnate.". In this understanding, Christ is from, not in, two natures: full humanity and full divinity. Some in the Coptic Orthodox Church believe that their position was misunderstood at the Council of Chalcedon and take great pains to ensure …

What were the Coptic people?

The Coptic people, under Roman rule and societal influence, consisted of Greeks, Jews, and Egyptians; therefore, Christianity had to take into account the different cultural, language, and religious backgrounds when evangelizing and in establishing its church.

What caused the Coptics to endure a major language and culture change as well as confront the Islamic faith?

What appeared to be their liberty and freedom became yet again bondage. The societal strength and control of the Arabs caused the Coptics to endure a major language and culture change as well as confront the Islamic faith. Unfortunately, over the centuries, Christianity lost foothold, and most Coptics converted to Islam.

Who persecuted the Coptic Christians?

After that, they were persecuted by the Byzantine rulers.

Who was the first bishop of the Coptic Church?

Proudly, the Coptic Christians acknowledge and herald John Mark, (author of the Gospel of Mark), as their founder and first bishop sometime between A.D. 42 – A.D. 62. The Coptic Church was actually involved in the very first major split in the Church, well before there was such a thing as "Roman" Catholicism, and it was also well before …

What is the oldest religion in the Middle East?

The Coptic Christians are the oldest religion in the Middle East dating back to 42 CE. Moreover, the Copts are the most significant Christian community in Sudan containing approximately 1% of the Sudanese population. The term Copt was approved in English at the beginning of the seventeenth century.

Why were Copts subjected to harsh rules?

Copts of Modern Egypt. Arabs conquered the Egyptians, and this made the Coptic Christians in Egypt to be subjected to harsh rules because Arabs practiced Islam.

How many Christians are there in Sudan?

Sudan has a minority number of Coptic Christians adding up to about 500,000. The population is approximately 1% of the Sudanese population. The Copts are also widely spread across Libya with the Coptic Orthodox church being the largest with a population of approximately 60,000 believers.

How many commentaries did Saint Mark write?

Saint Mark wrote over six thousand commentaries of the Bible. The Copts also contributed significantly to the creation and organization of monasticism. Monasticism is a spiritual approach to life in which one renounces worldly pursuits and commits himself or herself entirely to the Christian worship.

What was the name of the church that divided into two groups?

It led to the division of the Alexandrian church in 451 CE into two subdivisions; those who abided by the rules of the council became recognized as the Chalcedonians while those that did not abide by the rules were known as Monophysites.

What is the Council of Chalcedon?

Council of Chalcedon. According to the Catholic Church, the council of Chalcedon is the fourth ecumenical council. The council described Chalcedon stating that the son of God is perfect both in a deity and in humanness.

What is an ecumenical council?

An ecumenical council is a collection of religious persons such as bishops, pastors, and the entire church that gather together to discuss important matters of faith. Egyptian patriarchs were the first to lead the first three ecumenical councils, proving that Alexandria contributed majorly to the establishment of philosophy and theology in Egypt. The primary mandate of patriarchs was to calculate and announce the exact dates of Easter annually.

Why did the Copts survive?

In spite of these multiple major changes in Egypt, the Copts maintained their neighborhood and presence , even when the population around them started turning to Islam instead of Christianity. For the Copts, maintaining their presence meant adapting, but also accepting the influence of the cultures. For example, in Ancient Egypt, the Copts’ Christian designs incorporated the ankh.

What is the largest collection of Coptic artifacts?

Established in 1910, the Museum has the largest collection of Coptic artifacts. The artifacts show the interaction of Coptic Cairo with the many invasions over the centuries, such as how the Coptic art style was influenced by the pharaonic art as well as Roman and Islamic cultures. The earliest artifact is from the 2nd century. In total, the Museum has 16,000 artifacts, ranging from stone sculptures to wood sculptures, to textiles and manuscripts. Gardens and courtyards surround the Museum . The building itself is located right next to the churches.

Where is the oldest church in the world?

Abu Serga is believed to be the oldest church, as it was built in the 4 th century AD. The Copts built the church on the exact spot where they believed the Holy Family stopped and rested after their course to Egypt. Since building it, the Christians use it as the location where they elect the patriarchs of the Coptic Church. In 750 AD, the original church burned down in a fire, but they restored it in the 8 th century and repaired it multiple times since then. Inside the church, there are three altars and twelve columns, each with a portrait of one of the twelve disciples.

When was Coptic Cairo established?

Coptic Cairo was established in the 6 th century BC. When the Romans invaded, the Romans built the walls of Babylon around the neighborhood. Some of the walls are still standing today. Many people claim that the Holy Family (Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, and Joseph) traveled through the city when King Herod forced them to flee Judea. When the Romans invaded, they began to persecute the Christians. The Copts call this period the “Age of the Martyrs”, as many Christians died under Roman rule.

What is the Hanging Church?

The Hanging Church is named for its location on top of the old gate to Babylon, where the center of the church rests above the passage. It was likely built around 690 AD and has become the most famous church in Coptic Cairo. The Christians built the church to look like a basilica and many aspects of its architectural design stand out. One such aspect is the design of the two bell towers in the church, meant to resemble Noah’s Ark. The porch of the church is another feat since it has survived centuries of people walking on it through multiple efforts to preserve it. The church is also known for the wooden panels shaped like lotus flowers inlaid with pearl. Just above the panels, there are portraits of the twelve disciples, each painted in a uniquely Coptic style. In the 14 th century, the church had fashioned panels made from cedar-wood to go in front of the entrance of the chapel, although those panels have been moved to the British Museum.

Is the Arab world a Muslim country?

The modern Arab world may be a Muslim majority, however, there is still a significant presence of Christian Arabs. Christians have been present in the Middle East for centuries, and one of the oldest Christian neighborhoods is Coptic Cairo in Egypt. Coptic Christians split from the other Christians in 451 AD and can trace their establishment to the apostle St. Mark, who was the first bishop in Alexandria. After the split, they built their own little neighborhood. The Coptic Christian neighborhood in Cairo, known as Coptic Cairo, is one of the oldest parts of the city, a testament to the different religions (and the history) present in the Arab world.

What does Copt mean in Egypt?

Actually Copt means Christian Egyptian. Muslims in Egypt usually call themselves Arabs, and we Christian Egyptians call ourselves Coptic. Even Muslims call us Coptics, not Arabs.#N#The language Arabic as well as the tradition were forced on us by the Arab when they conquered Egypt in 600s AD. The Coptic language is derived from Greek and Hieroglyphics. True both of them were pagan languages but after St. Mark the Evangelist spread Christianity in Egypt, the country converted to Christianity. Our ancestors were the Egyptians that were living at that time, not the Arabs who conquered Egypt later. Therefore Arabs do have mix of Arab and Egyptians. But for us, we are not considered Arabs since we are the descendants of the Egyptians who were living in Egypt before the Arab conquest.

Why is England called England?

England is called England because the main people’s who conquered the country in the 5th and 6th centuries were the Angles. This is why we have regions such as East Anglia.

Did the Coptic language come from Greek?

The Coptic language wasn’t derived from Greek and Hieroglyphics, as you pointed out. The early Egyptians after converting to Christianity took the Greek words, and some Greek "loan" words to incorporate in the Egyptian language (i.e. they were not Greek anymore, but rather Copticised Greek words – hence the big argument nowadays of the proper pronunciation of Greek words, and the flawed argument about Greco-Bohairic as well). Coptic is simply the stage of evolution of the late Demotic scheme of writing which used icons and iconographs as I am sure you well know…

What script did Christians write in?

During the early Islamic period, Christians continued to write their books in either Greek or Coptic script, but after many years of Islamic rule, they began writing in Arabic script.

What are the Arab Christians in Syria called?

Arab Christians who follow the Greek Catholic Church in Syria are known as the Melkites. The origin of Arab Christians in the country is traced back to the Byzantine Empire. Thousands of Arab Christian immigrated to Syria in the early 20th century after fleeing their native countries as a result of the First World War.

Where did the first Christians come from?

The earliest Arab Christians existed before the Islamic period, and these consisted of ancient tribes of Qahtani origin. These tribes included the early Nabateans and Ghassanids, who spoke Greek as well as Yemeni Arabic languages. Nabateans were some of the earliest inhabitants of Arabia, settling in the Southern Levant as early as the 1st Millennium BC and were also among the first tribes to convert to Christianity in as early as the 1st Century CE. The Roman and Byzantine Empires offered protection as well as refuge to many of these early Arab Christians, but members of few Christian-affiliated sects such as the non-Chalcedonians faced persecution from the Byzantine Empire as heretics. The center of Arab Christianity during the pre-Islamic period was in Najran, an ancient city situated in southern Arabia. The Roman Catholic Church even canonized the leader of Arab Christians in the city, Al-Harith as St. Aretas. Arab Christians in the city of Najran faced great persecution in the hands of Dhu Yawas, King of Yemen who had converted to Judaism.

How many Christians are there in Syria?

The population of Arab Christians in Syria is estimated to be about 0.7 million people which is one of the largest populations of Arab Christians in the world. The Arab Christians in the country are of the Greek Catholic and Greek Orthodox denominations. Arab Christians who follow the Greek Catholic Church in Syria are known as the Melkites.

How many Maronites are there in Lebanon?

Lebanon is also home to a large number of Maronites (whose identity as Arab Christians is disputed) who are estimated to number about 1 million individuals.

What empires offered protection to early Arab Christians?

The Roman and Byzantine Empires offered protection as well as refuge to many of these early Arab Christians, but members of few Christian-affiliated sects such as the non-Chalcedonians faced persecution from the Byzantine Empire as heretics. The center of Arab Christianity during the pre-Islamic period was in Najran, …

Where are the Arab Christians?

Arab Christians In North Africa. Egypt has the largest number of Arab Christians in North Africa, with a population estimated to be as high as 350,000 persons. Majority of the Arab Christians in Egypt are followers of the Coptic faith and members of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. However, the majority of Copts reject the label …

What is the I.C.R.F?

In 2012, a few Christian IDF officers and I founded the I.C.R.F.–the Israeli Christians Recruitment Forum. My efforts have had mixed results. On the positive side, hundreds of Arab or Aramean Christian youth have heeded my call and have served their country with distinction. They have been embraced by their fellow soldiers, who regard them as comrades in arms, and not as strangers in their midst.

What organizations are involved in the Aramean movement?

Organizations that are participating in the campaign to try to stop the Aramean community from integrating into Israeli society via army/national service include Adalah, Mossawa, Baladna, +972 and others. They are Israeli nonprofit organizations—some are composed of Israeli Arabs and others are on the extreme left and anti-Zionist. These NGOs reject Israel as the national home of the Jewish people. They would like to cancel the law of return and remove the Jewish character of Israel.

Why did Kopty suggest that Christians should be included in the army?

Kopty also suggested that integrating Christians into the army was an attempt to divide Arab society in their national struggle against Israel. Following the conference, a campaign of harassment began against the conference’s organizers.

What was the cause of the 2012 conference in Nazareth?

A local leader, attorney Abir Kopty from the Mossawa Center, attacked the participants and accused them of Palestinian persecution. Mr. Kopty also suggested that integrating Christians into the army was an attempt to divide Arab society in their national struggle against Israel.

What happened to students who participated in the IDF?

Students who participated were threatened, isolated and suffered humiliation via social networks and in the Arab media. An Israeli organization that supports us, Im Tirtzu, subsequently published a report detailing statements made against Christians who encouraged Christian enlistment in the IDF.

What would these NGOs reject?

These NGOs reject Israel as the national home of the Jewish people. They would like to cancel the law of return and remove the Jewish character of Israel. They would reject the special status of the Hebrew language, modify the national flag and the national anthem and make Israel a bi-national state.

Is Mossawa alone?

Mossawa is not alone in trying to deny Christian Arabs the right to integrate into Israeli society. A coordinated campaign against enlistment of Israeli-Arabs to the IDF was led by other organizations as well.