Eastern Orthodox tradition
Coptic Christians make up Egypt’s largest and most significant minority population and the largest population of Christians in the Middle East. It is anEastern Orthodox tradition,and most Copts follow the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
What does the Coptic Orthodox Church believe?
The Coptic Orthodox Church, together with the other Orthodox Churches, believes that this universe had both a beginning, and that it is the expression of the loving intention of a creative God to bring into existence creatures with whom he could generously share his own life and love.
Why do people convert to Orthodox Christianity?
Orthodoxy insists tenaciously on the role of tradition which is her very life and builds upon its past, without revisions. Orthodoxy knows where she stands, and she is in no need to re-define herself. People are attracted by the permanence of Orthodoxy. Clearly this stability is found in no other church. This statement cannot be challenged.
What does Coptic Orthodox mean?
What Does Coptic Mean In Religion? The Egyptian leader of a community of Christians based in Egypt’s Muslim north. Coptic and Copt are two terms that refer to both the Coptic Orthodox Church, which boasts Egypt’s largest Christian body, or Coptic Christians of Egyptian descent, whose description differs from the above.
How do the Catholic and Coptic religions differ?
What is the difference between Coptic and Catholic? Like Catholics , Coptic Christians believe in the Ten Commandments, and they practice the sacraments of baptism, confession and confirmation. But unlike Roman Catholics , they don’t believe in the infallibility of the pope or in purgatory, notes the Associated Press. And Coptic priests can marry.
What is the Coptic religion?
Coptics were one of the earliest Christian populations in the Middle East. Although integrated into the larger Egyptian nation-state, Coptics have endured as a distinguished religious community making up roughly 10 to 20 percent of the population. They pride themselves on the apostolicity of the Egyptian Church whose originator was the first in a continuous series of elders. The main Coptic organization has been out of accord with both the Roman Catholic Church and the various Eastern Orthodox churches for the last 16 centuries.
How many Copts speak Coptic?
Today, Coptic is the primary language of only about 300 Copts around the world. It is also the ceremonial language of the native Egyptian Churches (the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Coptic Catholic Church ). It is taught worldwide in many prestigious institutions, but its teaching within Egypt is still limited. Dialects of the Coptic language:
What is the most current stage of Egyptian language?
The Coptic Language. The Coptic language is the most current stage of the Egyptian language. Coptic refers more-so to the script or text rather than the spoken language itself.
How is religious liberty affected in Egypt?
Religious liberty in Egypt is hindered to ranging degrees by prejudicial and prohibitive state policies. Consequently, Coptic Christians, being the biggest religious minority in Egypt, are negatively affected by religious persecution. Copts have endured growing marginalization after the 1952 coup d’état led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Why are Copts disputed?
Being in countries with Muslim majorities (Egypt, Sudan, Libya), the proportion of the residents that are Copts is a continuously disputed matter, frequently for reasons of religious resentment and hostility.
Where are the Coptic Christians?
Coptic Christians are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to Northeast Africa who predominantly reside in the region of modern Egypt, where they are the biggest Christian denomination in the nation. Learn about the origin and significance of Coptic traditions in Christianity as well as the worldwide membership of Copts today.
How many members does the Alexandrian Rite have?
The church observes the Alexandrian Rite for its liturgy, prayer and devotional heritage. With 18–22 million members worldwide, whereof about 15 to 18 million are in Egypt, it is the country’s largest Christian denomination.
How many Coptic Christians are there in the world?
Estimates of the current population of the Coptic Church range from 10 million to 60 million members worldwide. Theologically, Coptic Christianity is very similar to Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
What is the Coptic understanding of Christ?
The Coptic understanding is that Christ is one nature from two natures: "the Logos Incarnate.". In this understanding, Christ is from, not in, two natures: full humanity and full divinity. Some in the Coptic Orthodox Church believe that their position was misunderstood at the Council of Chalcedon and take great pains to ensure …
What were the Coptic people?
The Coptic people, under Roman rule and societal influence, consisted of Greeks, Jews, and Egyptians; therefore, Christianity had to take into account the different cultural, language, and religious backgrounds when evangelizing and in establishing its church.
What caused the Coptics to endure a major language and culture change as well as confront the Islamic faith?
What appeared to be their liberty and freedom became yet again bondage. The societal strength and control of the Arabs caused the Coptics to endure a major language and culture change as well as confront the Islamic faith. Unfortunately, over the centuries, Christianity lost foothold, and most Coptics converted to Islam.
Who persecuted the Coptic Christians?
After that, they were persecuted by the Byzantine rulers.
Who was the first bishop of the Coptic Church?
Proudly, the Coptic Christians acknowledge and herald John Mark, (author of the Gospel of Mark), as their founder and first bishop sometime between A.D. 42 – A.D. 62. The Coptic Church was actually involved in the very first major split in the Church, well before there was such a thing as "Roman" Catholicism, and it was also well before …
How many days of fasting do Copts have?
Fasting is another principal foundation in the life of the Church, and of the 365 days of the year, Copts fast for over 210 . These periods are considered to be times of spiritual growth and reflection based on prayer and Scripture, during which people observe a period of abstinence at the beginning of the day, followed by a vegan diet. The major fasts in the Coptic calendar are Lent, leading to the Feast of the Resurrection, and Advent, leading to the Feast of the Nativity.
What is the Coptic Orthodox Church?
The Coptic Orthodox Church is one of the most ancient Churches in the world, founded in the first century in Egypt by Saint Mark the Apostle and writer of the second Gospel of the New Testament. A conservative Church, it has carefully preserved the Orthodox Christian faith in its earliest form, handing it down through generations, remaining true to the Apostolic doctrines and patterns of worship. The Church’s spiritual approach emphasises holiness, Divine Mysteries and fellowship, rooted firmly in the canons of the Holy Scriptures, the apostolic and Orthodox creeds, the teachings of the Church Fathers and the first three ecumenical councils.
What are the seven prayers of the Agpeya?
Prayer is a fundamental foundation in the life of the Church, and the Agpeya is the book containing the seven prayers observed daily. Arranged to commemorate various events in the life of Christ and the Church, they help to guide the faithful in daily reflection, and are labelled as the first, third, sixth, ninth, eleventh, twelfth and midnight hour. The veil is a separate daily prayer only observed by those in monastic life. Other forms of prayer observed are the Raising of Evening and Morning Incense, Midnight Praises, and Morning and Evening Praises. Within the context of non-ritual gatherings and prayer meetings, contemporary forms of prayer and worship are also used.
Why is the Coptic Church called the Church of Martyrs?
Historians have named the Coptic Church the ‘Church of Martyrs’, because of the great number of people who died for their faith. During the reign of emperor Diocletian almost one million men, women, and children were killed for their faith in Egypt, and thus to commemorate their sacrifice, the Church determined to commence its calendar, known as ‘ Anno Martyrii ’, or ‘Year Of the Martyrs,’ in the year 248 AD, the commencement of his reign.
How many sacraments are there in the Coptic Church?
The Coptic Church observes seven Sacraments: Baptism. Chrismation.
What is the Eucharistic liturgy?
In Eucharistic liturgy, the faithful gather in union to pray, and to partake of the Eucharist, considered to be the Body and Blood of the Lord Jesus Christ. The liturgy is chanted using the Coptic language, alongside the language of the land in which the Church is based, utilising a musical composition that in part dates back to the Pharaonic era. The three divine liturgies celebrated in the Church today are those of Saint Basil, Saint Gregory, and Saint Cyril, based on that used by Saint Mark in the first Century.
What is the Church’s spiritual approach?
The Church’s spiritual approach emphasises holiness, Divine Mysteries and fellowship, rooted firmly in the canons of the Holy Scriptures, the apostolic and Orthodox creeds, the teachings of the Church Fathers and the first three ecumenical councils.
What does Isaiah 19:19 mean?
A prophecy in Isaiah 19:19 describes Egypt as a land blessed by God, saying ‘In that day there will be an altar to the Lord in the heart of Egypt, and a monument to the Lord at its border.’. The Egyptian Coptic Church may be seen as a fulfilment of this prophecy. 3. Ancient schools.
When did the Coptic Theological Seminary start?
In 1893 the Orthodox Copts reestablished the school as the Coptic Theological Seminary, a contemporary training hub for Coptic prelates, whose graduates include the previous Coptic Pope, Shenouda III.
Who was the heretic who denied Jesus and the Father?
The Coptic Church played a defining role in shaping the Church’s foundational creeds. The heretic Arius, who denied that Jesus and the Father were both equally pre-existent, and Athanasius, who opposed him, were both from Alexandria. That controversy was settled at the Council of Nicea in AD 325.
When was the Orthodox Church divided?
The Oriental Orthodox Church (which includes the Coptic Church among others) divided from the rest of the Church however at the AD 541 Council of Chalcedon, in a complex debate about how to define Christ’s human and divine nature.
Who is the founding saint of the Catholic Church?
If the Catholic Church’s founding saint is St Peter , then the Coptic Church’s is St Mark.
How many people are Coptic Orthodox?
Around 10% of the Egyptian population are Coptic Orthodox which makes up 11 million out of the 95 million person population that reside in Egypt. Of Egypt’s 95 million residents around 11 million people, or 10%, identify as Coptic Orthodox. The majority of Copts in Egypt attend the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, while a population of approximately 800,000 attend several Coptic Catholic and Coptic Protestant churches throughout Egypt. Outside of Egypt, however, there are far fewer members of the Coptic Orthodox Church. In North America, for example, there are around 300,000 Coptic Christians across the entire continent.
What is the Coptic language?
The Coptic language is one of the most essential tools in learning about the Pharaonic history and biblical studies. The theological school in Alexandria in the 2nd century established the Coptic alphabet to formalize the vernacular of Egypt. In fact, the language and alphabet are related to late Egyptian written using hieroglyphics. The Coptic community has a deep and profound history on Egypt. To learn more about the Copts and other resources, check out Arab America’s blog here!
Where did the word "copt" come from?
The word ‘Copt’ originates from the Ancient Greek Α?γυπτο? (aigyptos), the Greek word for the Egyptian people. The word changed to ‘Copt’ once the Arabs invaded Egypt and could not pronounce the word ‘aigyptos’. Essentially, they changed the world to ‘copt’. Originally, Copts are considered people that have descended from ancient Egypt. However, more recently the word ‘Copt’ specifically refers the Coptic Christian community in Egypt, but can also loosely refer to all Egyptian Christians.
Which country has the largest Coptic population?
The Arab world, although predominantly made up of Muslims, is home to a sizeable population of Coptic Christians. The Arab country with the largest Coptic Christian population is Egypt. Egypt’s Copts, one of the largest Arab Christian populations in the world, make up around 10% of Egyptian’s total population. The Coptic Christian community, despite its members representing only a minority within the wider Arab world, has a deep, robust cultural history and sense of community because of its shared theological teachings, experience as a target of persecution, and strong ties to monasticism. Here are 10 facts you may not know about the Coptic Christian community.
Who was the first bishop of Alexandria?
Furthermore, a number of components of Coptic liturgy can also be traced directly back to St. Mark who had established them as the first bishop of the Alexandria.
What did the Copts teach in Alexandria?
Besides catechetical studies, the school taught humanities and mathematics. Its library contained carved wood texts with raised letters so the blind could study – long before the invention of Braille. The desert fathers of Egypt began the heremitic and monastic traditions that would later inspire St. Basil of Cappadocia in the East and St. Benedict in the West.
How many people read Aleteia?
Here are some numbers: 1 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month 2 Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian 3 Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages 4 Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media 5 Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos 6 We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)
How was Bishop Tawadros chosen?
Bishop Tawadros was selected by having his name chosen by a blind child from among ballots containing the names of three candidates. Pope Francis considers Pope Tawadros II his brother in Christ, and called him directly to offer sympathy and prayers after Sunday’s bombing. 4.
Where is the Coptic Orthodox Church?
Today, the Coptic Orthodox Church is headquartered in Cairo at St. Mark’s Cathedral (next door to the chapel where the bombing occurred), although the symbolic center of Coptic Christian life remains Alexandria. The Coptic Catholic Church is headed by a Patriarch (bishop) who pledges obedience to Pope Francis.
When was the bombing of the Coptic Orthodox Church in Cairo?
With the news of the terrible bombing during Divine Liturgy in a Coptic Orthodox church in Cairo, December 11, 2016, attention is being drawn again to the sufferings of Christian brothers and sisters in the Middle East. Who are these Coptic Christians? What do we share with them?
Is the Coptic Orthodox Church an autocephalic church?
The Coptic Orthodox Church is autocephalic (its own independent church). It has followers among Egyptian immigrants to other countries in Africa and around the world, including the US, and “daughter churches” in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and is in communion with the Oriental Orthodox churches.
Did the Coptic Orthodox believe in Christology?
Many were tortured, imprisoned, and killed, but the Coptic Orthodox remained faithful to their understanding of Christology. With the rise of Islam and the Umayyad conquest of Egypt, most of the population retained their Coptic Christianity at first.
How long do Copts fast?
The Copts have seasons of fasting matched by no other Christian community. Out of the 365 days of the year, Copts fast for over 210 days. During fasting, no animal products (meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs, butter, etc.) are allowed. Moreover, no food or drink whatsoever may be taken between sunrise and sunset. These strict fasting rules — which have resulted in a very exquisite Coptic cuisine over the centuries — are usually relaxed by priests on an individual basis to accommodate for illness or weakness. Lent, known as "the Great Fast", is largely observed by all Copts. It starts with a pre-Lent fast of one week, followed by a 40-day fast commemorating Christ’s fasting on the mountain, followed by the Holy week, the most sacred week (called Pascha) of the Coptic Calendar, which climaxes with the Crucifix on Good Friday and ends with the joyous Easter. Other fasting seasons of the Coptic Church include, the Advent (Fast of the Nativity), the Fast of the Apostles, the Fast of the Virgin Saint Mary, and the Fast of Nineveh.
How many Copts are there in Egypt?
Today [as of the writing of this document in 1992 A.D.], there are over 9 million Copts (out of a population of some 57 million Egyptians) who pray and share communion in daily masses in thousands of Coptic Churches in Egypt. This is in addition to another 1.2 million emigrant Copts who practice their faith in hundreds of churches in the United States, Canada, Australia, Britain, France, Germany, Austria, Holland, Brazil, and many other countries in Africa and Asia. Inside Egypt Copts live in every province and in no one of these provinces are they a majority. Their cultural, historical, and spiritual treasures are spread all over Egypt, even in its most remote oasis, the Kharga Oasis, deep in the western desert. As individuals, Copts have reached prestigious academic and professional stature all over the world. One such individual is Dr. Boutros Boutros Ghali the Sixth United Nations Secretary-General (1992-1997). Another is Dr. Magdy Yacoub one of the world’s most famous heart surgeons.
Why was the Coptic Church misunderstood?
Perhaps the Council understood the Church correctly, but they wanted to exile the Church, to isolate it and to abolish the Egyptian, independent Pope, who maintained that Church and State should be separate. Despite all of this, the Coptic Church has remained very strict and steadfast in its faith. Whether it was a conspiracy from the Western Churches to exile the Coptic Church as a punishment for its refusal to be politically influenced, or whether Pope Dioscurus didn’t quite go the extra mile to make the point that Copts are not monophysite, the Coptic Church has always felt a mandate to reconcile "semantic" differences between all Christian Churches. This is aptly expressed by the current 117th successor of Saint Mark, Pope Shenouda III: "To the Coptic Church, faith is more important than anything, and others must know that semantics and terminology are of little importance to us." Throughout this century, the Coptic Church has played an important role in the ecumenical movement. The Coptic Church is one of the founders of the World Council of Churches. It has remained a member of that council since 1948 A.D. The Coptic Church is a member of the all African Council of Churches (AACC) and the Middle East Council of Churches (MECC). The Church plays an important role in the Christian movement by conducting dialogues aiming at resolving the theological differences with the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian, and Evangelical Churches.
Where did monasticism originate?
Monasticism was born in Egypt and was instrumental in the formation of the Coptic Church’s character of submission and humbleness, thanks to the teachings and writings of the Great Fathers of Egypt ‘s Deserts. Monasticism started in the last years of the third century and flourished in the fourth century. Saint Anthony, the world’s first Christian monk was a Copt from Upper Egypt. Saint Pachom, who established the rules of monasticism, was a Copt. And, Saint Paul, the world’s first anchorite is also a Copt. Other famous Coptic desert fathers include Saint Makarios, Saint Moses the Black, and Saint Mina the wondrous. The more contemporary desert fathers include the late Pope Cyril VI and his disciple Bishop Mina Abba Mina. By the end of the fourth century, there were hundreds of monasteries, and thousands of cells and caves scattered throughout the Egyptian hills. Many of these monasteries are still flourishing and have new vocations till this day. All Christian monasticism stems, either directly or indirectly, from the Egyptian example: Saint Basil, organiser of the monastic movement in Asia minor visited Egypt around 357 A.D. and his rule is followed by the eastern Churches; Saint Jerome, who translated the Bible into Latin, came to Egypt around 400 A.D. and left details of his experiences in his letters; Saint Benedict founded monasteries in the sixth century on the model of Saint Pachom, but in a stricter form. And countless pilgrims visited the "Desert Fathers" and emulated their spiritual, disciplined lives. There is even evidence that Copts had missionaries to Nothern Europe. One example is Saint Moritz of the Theban Legion who was drafted from Egypt to serve under the Roman flag and ended up teaching Christianity to inhabitants of the Swiss Alps, where a small town and a Monastery that contains his relics as well as some of his books and belongings are named after him. Another saint from the Theban Legion is Saint Victor, known among Copts as "Boktor".
Why is the Coptic calendar still used?
This calendar is still in use all over Egypt by farmers to keep track of the various agricultural seasons and in the Coptic Church Lectionary . For the four centuries that followed the Arab’s conquest of Egypt, the Coptic Church generally flourished and Egypt remained basically Christian.
What is the Coptic Church?
The Coptic Church, which is now more than nineteen centuries old, was the subject of many prophecies in the Old Testament. Isaiah the prophet, in Chapter 19, Verse 19 says "In that day there will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to the LORD at its border.".
Why was the Coptic Church important?
The Coptic Church produced thousands of texts, biblical and theological studies which are important resources for archeology.
Is the Coptic Orthodox Church part of the Catholic Church?
The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic particular church in full communion with the Catholic Church .
What is the difference between Coptic and Catholic?
Like Catholics , Coptic Christians believe in the Ten Commandments, and they practice the sacraments of baptism, confession and confirmation. But unlike Roman Catholics , they don’t believe in the infallibility of the pope or in purgatory, notes the Associated Press. And Coptic priests can marry.
What is a major difference between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church?
What is a major difference between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church ? A. Roman Catholic churches perform a mass, but Eastern Orthodox churches don’t.
Can a Roman Catholic receive Communion in a Coptic church?
In the case that it is impossible to approach a Catholic minister, that it is a case of real need or spiritual benefit, and that the danger of error or indifferentism is avoided, the Catholic Church permits its faithful to receive Communion in Orthodox Churches , although Orthodox Churches do not honour this and only
What does it mean to be Coptic Orthodox?
The Coptic Orthodox Church is the main Christian Church in Egypt, where it has between 6 and 11 million members. The Church separated from other Christian denominations at the Council of Chalcedon (451 AD) in a theological dispute over the human and divine nature of Jesus Christ.
What does Coptic cross mean?
The Coptic cross in its modern and ancient forms is considered a sign of faith and pride to the Copts The Ethiopians Christians wear it as a symbol of faith.
What religion is Coptic?
orthodoxos, lit. ‘The Egyptian Orthodox Church ‘) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Africa and the Middle East. The head of the church and the See of Alexandria is the Patriarch of Alexandria on the Holy See of Saint Mark, who also carries the title of Coptic Pope.