Is Orthodox the oldest form of Christianity?
Without question and without any argument the Jerusalem Orthodox Church is the oldest. For the first 400 years or so, the Church at Jerusalem was under the Patriarchate of the Antiochan Church.
Which is religion older Christian orthodoxy or Islam?
Which religion is older – Christianity or Islamic faith? Easy answer: Christianity. And, of course, Judaism is older still, being the original monotheism, upon whose scriptures (the so called “Old Testament”) Christianity is explicitly based. But, at a deeper level, it depends on how you parse the Islamic claim to being the original monotheism.
Does Gnosticism predate Christianity?
The early Gnosticism is believed to predate Christianity. Nevertheless, the dating of its origin for scholars is still the matter of debate. One thing for sure we can claim that we have not found any Gnostic writings that predates the New Testament.
Are Orthodox considered Protestants?
Today the word Protestant is a term used to distinguish certain Christians from Romans and also from the Orthodox. In other words, Protestant means not-Roman and not-Orthodox. Consequently, the term Protestant says nothing about what any Protestant thinks or believes about anything.
What is Walter Bauer’s Orthodoxy and Heresy?
Walter Bauer’s Orthodoxy & Heresy has established itself as a classic refutation of the "myth" that "in the beginning" orthodoxy was there first & heresy was a deviation from the norm. Whatever one thinks of the thesis, one cannot bypass Bauer on early heresy any more that one can bypass Bultmann on Form Criticism or Harnack on the development of dogma. Today, it remains a
What is a seminal review and discussion of the origins of the distinctions between orthodoxies and here?
Seminal review and discussion of the origins of the distinctions between orthodoxies and heresies in the early church. A realistic portrayal of the history of dogma and doctrine which places their formulations within their socio-political contexts while establishing that what became orthodox and heterodox arose slowly out of a common matrix
What is the book The Proto-Orthodox Church about?
This book us a classic work about the Historical development of what would become the Proto-Orthodox Church. The author takes us through the stages if Christianity from the Apolistic age, Jewish Christianity age and explores all the different sects or Lost Christianities of the period. He also takes us through each country and tells us why some sects became more popular than others. Truly a must read for and religious Historian
Why is Bauer’s argument flawed?
Bauer’s argument based on the majority’s procedures of eliminating the minority is also flawed because he could not have taken into full account of the diversity within the orthodoxy itself. His argument seems to be circular and too convenient to account for the complexity of the early church history, if he cannot demonstrate satisfactorily from the historical data how the Church of Rome integrates the diverse theological strands into one unified orthodox that eventually caused the exclusion of the heresies.
How were Bauer’s arguments supported?
Bauer’s arguments were supported primarily from the diverse theological strands characterized by each geographical concentration within the early Christianity shown in the sources of polemic writings.
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Who edited Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity?
REVIEW AND CRITIQUE Bauer, Walter. Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity. Edited by Robert A. Kraft and Gerhard Krodel. Various translators. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971.
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The list of beneficial and informative books edited by Dr. Paul Hartog continues to grow. Hartog, a trained patristics scholar, has compiled ten chapters along with eight other New Testament and church history scholars, to examine the long-standing liberal thesis of Walter Bauer (1877-1960).