a short introduction to christianity summary

a short introduction to christianity summary插图

Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth(the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. It has a constituency of more than two billion believers.

What are the basic foundations of Christianity?

christian foundation one: the bible christian foundation two: god christian foundation three: christ and his work . . 20. christian foundation four: mankind christian foundation five: the holy spirit christian foundation six: the church christian foundation seven: the future christian foundation eight: salvation

How would you describe Christianity?

Recognizes the difference between right and wrong then does what is right ( Hebrews 5:14)Not easily swayed by false teaching ( Ephesians 4:13-16) – So grounded in the truth of God’s Word,she quickly recognizes falsehood.Rooted in love ( Ephesians 4:13-16) – Our words and actions flow from love for our fellow believers.More items…

How did Christianity begin?

Christianity is the religion that is based on the birth, life, death, resurrection and teaching of Jesus Christ. Christianity began in the 1st century CE after Jesus died and was resurrected. Starting as a small group of Jewish people in Judea, it spread quickly throughout the Roman Empire.

What is Christianity and what do Christians believe?

Christians believe that mankind was created specifically to have a relationship with God, but sin separates all men from God (Romans 3:23; 5:12). Christianity teaches that Jesus Christ walked this earth, fully God, and yet fully man (Philippians 2:6-11), and died on the cross.

What are Christian Beliefs and Principles?

Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the anointed saviour of the world and that his presence on earth was the fulfilment of the prophesies made in the Old Testament about the Messiah who was to come and save humanity from their sins.

Why is Christianity derived from Judaism?

Initially, Christianity was derived from Judaism. Why? Because Jesus Christ was a Jew, and so were his twelve disciples. The religion is based principally around the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. With Christians believing in a only one God, the religion is also monotheistic.

Why is Jesus’ death important to Christians?

Christians consider Jesus’ death, resurrection and ascension to be the most important doctrines in their faith. This is because Jesus shows his omnipotence over death and ultimately is the most convincing evidence for Christians that he is fully God.

How much of the world population did Christianity claim in the last 100 years?

Christianity has claimed roughly a third of the world’s population for the last 100 years.

What is the consequence of Jesus’ death?

The consequence of this is. that anyone who accepts this belief, receives eternal life and freedom from sin.

What was the divide between Protestantism and Catholicism?

In the following years, the divide between Protestantism and Catholicism became irrevocably interwoven with politics. During all this, due to the discovery of the Americas, and subsequent colonial expansion by European countries, Christianity began to spread across the world, to the Americas, sub-Sahara Africa, and East Asia.

When was Christianity officially made the religion of the Roman Empire?

In 380 , Christianity was officially made the religion of the Roman Empire. In the following years, it was declared that Jesus was both fully man and fully God, the books of the Bible were determined, and they also decided that the Nicene Creed was a permanent doctrine of the church at the Council of Rome.

Why is Christianity based on a particular experience or scheme directed to the act of saving?

Christianity is based on a particular experience or scheme directed to the act of saving—that is, of bringing or “buying back,” which is part of what redemption means, these creatures of God to their source in God.

What does it mean to be a Greek philosopher?

To Greek philosophers it meant something intrinsic to and inherent in a thing or category of things, which gave it its character and thus separated it from everything of different character. Thus, Jesus Christ belongs to the essential character of Christianity and gives it a unique identity.

What is the agent of Christianity?

The agent of Christianity is the church, the community of people who make up the body of believers. To say that Christianity “focuses” on Jesus Christ is to say that somehow it brings together its beliefs and practices and other traditions in reference to a historical figure.

What is the second element of Christianity?

A second element of the faith tradition of Christianity, with rare exceptions, is a plan of salvation or redemption. That is to say, the believers in the church picture themselves as in a plight from which they need rescue. For whatever reason, they have been distanced from God and need to be saved.

What is the largest religion in the world?

Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. It has a constituency of more than two billion believers.

Do Christians believe in Jesus Christ?

Although their faith tradition is historical—i.e., they believe that transactions with the divine do not occur in the realm of timeless ideas but among ordinary humans through the ages—the vast majority of Christians focus their faith in Jesus Christ as someone who is also a present reality.

Is Christianity a tradition?

As a tradition, Christianity is more than a system of religious belief. It also has generated a culture, a set of ideas and ways of life, practices, and artifacts that have been handed down from generation to generation since Jesus first became the object of faith.

How did Christianity react to the two modernities?

The first modernity linked to the enlightenment, lead to the rise of ‘Liberal Christianity’ - a process of demythologisation and emphasis on the rational & ethical. This was successful for a hundred years, but it seems now that this form of Christianity, particularly liberal Protestantism is dying. The second or late modernity, started in the 1960’s was a rejection

What is Christianity short introduction?

Christianity: A Very Short Introduction: Explores the continued expansion of Christianity throughout some parts of the world. Looks at how and why Christianity has declined in the West.

What was disappointed about Woodhead?

Ultimately, I was disappointed with Woodhead’s unfailingly cynical language, her inadequate classifications and discussions of Eastern Christian sects, and her tendency to insert her opinion into the short narratives as fact.

Is Christianity declining in the Southern Hempisphere?

At a time when Christianity is flourishing in the Southern Hempisphere but declining in much of the West, Linda Woodhead offers a bold new overview of the world’s largest religion, exploring the cultural and institutional dimensions of Christianity over two millennia.

What is Goodreads for?

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.

Is Linda Woodhead a feminist?

Linda Woodhead MBE seems to have a soft-spot for both Feminist and Marxist approaches to history. This provocative approach might turn off some readers, but I actually think gender is a huge piece of the theological puzzle that needs to be explored whenever discussing the growth, doctrine, and history of Christianity. I also enjoyed how she discussed the relationship of the growth of the Early Church to the Roman (later Holy Roman) Empire and other developments later with the Orthodox Church’s relationship with Russian, etc.

Is VSI a perfect capture of Christianity?

This VSI wasn’t a perfect capture of Christianity, but I’m not exactly sure how an historian/theologian could approach such a broad subject in such a short space without leaving major things out (aka religious traditions that seem to not fit easily within her big theory).

What was the alliance between the Russian Church and the state?

The alliance between the Russian Church and the state, which was close from the time of Prince Vladimir’s conversion in 988, became especially strong after 1500. As the sixteenth century opened, controversy raged within the church regarding its role in society. On the one hand, Nil Sorsky (or Nilus of Sora, c. 1433–1508), leader of the Russian medieval movement, called on the church to minister to society from a position of poverty, independent of secular, political concerns. On the other hand, Joseph Volotsky (or ‘Joseph of Volokolamsk’, 1439/40–1515) wanted church and state united, with the rich church supporting…

What was the age of reason?

In many of the English-speaking churches the Age of Reason became the Age of Renewal. In the 1730s and 40s, the tide of rationalism was stemmed, and dead formalism suppressed, as a rebirth took place with its roots in both European Pietism and English Puritanism. In Britain the movement was known as the Evangelical – or Methodist – Revival; in the North American colonies as the Great Awakening. The latter began in Northampton, Massachusetts, under Jonathan Edwards in 1734 – which preceded the conversions of both George Whitefield and the Wesley brothers, and can be regarded as feeding the Evangelical…

What was Europe fighting for before 1650?

For some decades before 1650, much of Europe had been embroiled in warfare. The nations were fighting for the control of Europe – and of worldwide commerce. The powerful Habsburg rulers of Austria and Spain, usually backed by the pope, had been pitted against the kings and princes of north-west Europe, most of whom were Protestants.

What was the Church of Rome’s response to Martin Luther’s 95 Theses?

The response of the Church of Rome to Martin Luther’s 95 Theses and his attack upon its authority is both curious and revealing. It is curious because the Roman Church seems to have been unaware of the widespread unrest among the faithful that Luther’s protest represented . It is revealing in that the first response to the rumblings in northern Europe was low-key and almost nonchalant. Yet the way in which the Church of Rome reacted to Luther and his cause was to have far-reaching consequences.

What were the Anabaptists trying to do?

The Anabaptists made the most radical attempt of the Reformation era to renew the church. They did not consist of a single, coherent organization, but were a loose grouping of movements. All rejected infant baptism and practised the baptism of adults upon confession of faith. They never accepted the label ‘Anabaptist’ (meaning ‘rebaptizer’) – a term of reproach coined by their opponents – but soon discovered the term gave the authorities a legal precedent, harking back to fifth-century Roman laws against the Donatists, to persecute and execute them.

What was the struggle between clergy and lay people?

In the West, a great struggle developed in this period between lay people and clergy over the control of the church. During the ninth and tenth centuries, when the Carolingian Empire was declining, feudal nobles had gone far beyond their historic rights in selecting candidates for church posts and controlling church affairs. This was one symptom of a general crisis through which Europe passed due to the invasion of the Magyars, Saracens, and Vikings, which destroyed both morale and property. Examples of the sorry state of the church included untrained clergy, simony (purchase of church posts), general sexual laxity, and…

What are the characteristics of Eastern Christianity?

As soon as the fifth century, the legacy of unresolved differences separating East and West began gradually to mount up. By the end of the twelfth century, the Eastern and Western parts of the church had come to the point of thinking of each other as separated bodies. Unfortunately, but predictably, each area held the other responsible for having abandoned the true Christian tradition.