The Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire ruled from 395 AD until 1453 AD, over one thousand years. This empire was actually the Eastern Roman Empire, with the term ‘Byzantine’ only entering use in 1557, well after the empire had fallen.
Answer and Explanation
The capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was Constantinople, and this city also was the home of the Patriarch of Constantinople. The Christian Church during the Roman Era had five patriarchs, those of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, as well as the Pope of Rome.
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