are christianity and islam compatible

are christianity and islam compatible插图

As with all world religions,there are tremendous differences between biblical Christianity and Islam. A close examination of the two faiths will find their beliefs to beincompatible. Mohammed claimed that the revelations given him by God were infallible,thus making the QuranQuranThe Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters, which are subdivided into verses.en.wikipedia.orgthe standard by which the other Scriptures are to be tested.

What are the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity?

Monotheistic Religions – Islam and Christianity are both monotheistic religions. Below we saw that they have the same God. And they maintained the belief in that same God. The only difference is that these two religions gave different names to their God.

How much do Christians know about Islam?

Most Christians know very little about Islam (the Muslim religion). Likewise, most Muslims have mistaken ideas about Christianity. Indeed, many people of both faiths do not even know enough about their own religion to validate its truth claims.

Is Jesus Christ the Messiah of Islam?

Muslims (followers of Islam) consider Jesus Christ to be a prophet — a messenger of God — and a messiah. However, they believe that Muhammad was the last prophet and he recorded the word of God verbatim in the Quran.

What is the difference between Christianity and the Quran?

While Christianity says to love your neighbor as yourself ( Matthew 19:19 ), the Quran instructs its followers not to even take Christians or Jews as friends (Suras 3:118, 5:51, 64, 60:1-3)! Another interesting point is that the Islamic concept of charity is different from the Christian concept.

What did Jesus say to us?

Jesus spoke to each one of us when he said “Come unto me, all you that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and you shall find rest unto your souls.” (Matthew 11: 28 and 29)

What is Western culture dominated by?

Modern western culture is dominated by sound bites, and insulting put-downs, and bitter arguments. In our times, it’s important to win, and it’s important to understand the other side, just enough to defeat them, and to use them to make yourself look better. Otherwise, their opinions are not useful.

Who stands up for immigrants as town hall questioner slams Islam?

RELATED: Trudeau stands up for immigrants as town hall questioner slams Islam

Can compatibility be an issue?

Without choosing sides, at times, compatibility can be an issue.

Is the persecution of Christians by Muslim radicals a problem?

The persecution of Christians by Muslim radicals is a problem in parts of the modern world. You might be able to read this article before it is deleted, but note that it will probably be taken down soon:

What is the difference between Islam and Christianity?

Monotheistic Religions – Islam and Christianity are both monotheistic religions. Below we saw that they have the same God. And they maintained the belief in that same God. The only difference is that these two religions gave different names to their God. The both recognize Jesus Christ – Both of these religions consider Jesus …

Why is the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the Bible?

Because they consider their God the supreme Oneness, which can’t be divided. The Gospel is a part of both religion’s holy scriptures – Therefore, The Gospel of Jesus Christ appears not only in The Bible, but also in The Quran. And it describes the life of Jesus Christ.

Which two religions worship the same God?

Therefore, they both originally worship the same God. Islam and Christianity are also two of the three largest Abrahamic religions. The third one is Jedaism. But they were founded in different eras. Judaism is the oldest, founded in the 7 th century BCE. Then Christianity, founded in the first century CE. And the youngest of these three is Islam, …

What were the two major religious groups that were under Muslim control?

During the Islamic empire’s first phase of rapid expansion, between 632 and 750 c.e., two numerically important religious systems become incorporated under Muslim political control: Eastern Christianity, both Chalcedonian (i.e., Byzantinian) and non-Chalcedonian (especially Monophysite and Nestorian), and Zoroastrianism.

What was the role of the Bayt al Hikma in the Abbasid Empire?

As a positive example of Christian-Muslim relations at the center of the Abbasid Empire, the bayt al-hikma internally promoted intellectual pursuits of truth and resulted in a striking degree of interreligious tolerance and mutual influence, especially among the educated elite.

What was the Christian missionary movement?

Intertwined with the growing European colonialism of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the Christian missionary movement continued unabated, although it was now linked to a civilizational project of modernity understood as democracy and the rule of law within new nation-state structures. This European colonial project legitimized in the eyes of most Europeans their own increased militarization at home and the interconnected colonial control of peoples worldwide. European colonialism eventually fragmented the world, including the Islamic parts of it, into unavoidable yet often unmanageable semblances of nation-states. This project had to do as much with older competing Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christian identities as with newer, non-Christian philosophies (deism, atheism, utilitarianism, materialism, human rights, and the like), a point often misunderstood by many generations of Muslims who have reduced the modern West to Christianity. In turn, many Westerners, whether religious or not, have themselves simplistically essentialized the complexities of the Islamic world, wanting to believe that it is quintessentially unmodernizable. They have forgotten how many centuries it took Western Catholic and Protestant Christianities to come to terms with modernity, and fail to consider the ongoing struggles of parts of the Orthodox Christian world, not to mention vast numbers of Christians in economically disadvantaged areas around the world.

What were the major discoveries of the fifteenth century?

At the same time, by the end of the fifteenth century, the southwestern Europeans, especially the Spaniards and Portuguese, gained new strategic power through three combined discoveries: Christopher Columbus ‘s "discovery" of the Americas in 1492; Vasco de Gama’s navigation around Africa via the Cape of Good Hope in 1497, which opened up a new spice trading route to Southeast Asia that avoided central Muslim lands; and Magellan and Pigafetta’s westward circumnavigation of the earth by 1522 c.e. These discoveries suddenly enlarged the predominantly Mediterranean geographical scope of the first eight centuries of Christian-Muslim interactions into the beginnings of a global one, adding new Christian missionary pressures, especially in West Africa as well as South and Southeast Asia, where Muslim rule had been gradually expanding for centuries.

What was the success of the Reconquista?

Their success was in sharp contrast to the Eastern Byzantine Christians, who had suffered great territorial losses at the hands of the Muslim Seljuk Turks in the aftermath of the battle of Manzikert in 1071. A decade later, Byzantine emperor Alexius (r. 1081–1118) took power and later requested help from Western Christians to fight back the Muslims. Pope Urban II responded with the preaching of the first Crusades in Clermont, France, in 1095. By the fall of 1096, a people’s expedition was galvanized by Peter the Hermit. Numbering about twenty thousand, it ended up disintegrating before leaving Europe. In its wake, however, it left a trail of suffering. Many lives were lost, and whole Jewish communities were exterminated.

What was the first phase of Muslim conquest?

The early Muslim conquerors followed the momentum built toward the end of the Prophet’s life: The first phase of interaction with Christians (and Jews) was confrontational , and all Jews and Christians were expelled from the Arabian Peninsula. It was not until the later seventh and eighth centuries, when Muslim political conquests began to take root in majority Christian and Zoroastrian areas, that more lenient attitudes and practices developed, legitimized by a retrieval of the earlier and more tolerant Qur?anic passages toward Christians in particular. These interpretations and legal elaborations were needed to formalize the relationship of Muslims to the Christians and Zoroastrians who formed a majority of the population in their respective western and eastern halves of the new (Islamic) Umayyad Empire (661–750 c.e.). This new political context also explains why, to the theological concept of the people of the book ( ahl al-kitab ), used by the prophet Muhammad to link the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic notions of divine revelation, was added a parallel and pragmatic concept of the people of the protective covenant ( ahl al-dhimma ), erroneously understood by some today as second-class citizenship. This concept was based on two Qur?anic references (9:8, 10) initially referring to idolaters in general. This covenantal concept helped regulate Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians as political minorities who received protection from ruling Muslims in exchange for poll taxes. Yet, the situation and opportunities for advancement varied tremendously from one individual Christian to another, and from one geographical area or historical period to another. For example, many educated Christians reached high positions of power during the Umayyad and subsequent Abbasid dynasties, especially in the fields of medicine, philosophy, and administration.

What did Islam represent?

For both Monophysites and Nestorians, Islam came to represent a judgment on the part of God against those who accepted the Christological definitions of the Council of Chalcedon (451 c.e.).

What is the difference between Islam and Christianity?

Christianity vs. Islam. Christianity and Islam have more in common than most people know — they are both monotheistic Abrahamic religions, and Jesus Christ is an important, revered figure in both religions. Followers of Christianity — called Christians — believe in the Holy Trinity, and that Christ, the son of God, …

When did Muhammad migrate to Medina?

Many in the region saw monotheism as a threat, eventually forcing Muhammad to migrate with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE in what is known as the Hijra. Most consider this the beginning of Islam as a religion, as the migration brought many new followers to the fledgling faith. In 630 CE, Muhammad and his followers were able to return to Mecca in a near-bloodless conflict.

How did Islam spread?

633-655 CE: Islam is spread through warfare. Muslim armies take over Egypt, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria, the North African coast, and portions of the Byzantine and Persian empires.

Why was Paul the Apostle arrested?

57 CE: Paul the Apostle is arrested in Jerusalem after failing to help Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians reach a compromise regarding the depiction of Jesus.

What are the five pillars of the Bible?

Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj). The Lord Jesus Christ.

What is the meaning of the word "original sin"?

Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God’s mercy. Human Nature. Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin.

Which religion has stricter rules?

Similar to Judaism, Islam tends to have stricter guidelines or rules than Christianity does. In modern Christianity, most hardline rules are found in the Old Testament and more related to Judaism, and many of the rules found in the New Testament are downplayed.

How many chapters are there in the Quran?

The Quran is divided into 114 chapters called Suras (also spelled Surahs ). A designation of, for example, 10:1 means Sura 10, verse 1. The Bukhari Hadiths are divided into nine volumes, then various books, then hadiths by number. The numbering system is governed by the volumes, not the books.

Why are hadiths important?

The hadiths are considered extremely important documents, but they are not considered letter-for-letter perfect like the Quran. According to Islamic sources, each report in the Bukhari and Muslim hadiths (also the Sunan Abu-Dawud Hadiths) was checked for compatibility with the Quran and the veracity of the chain of reporters back to Muhammad had to be painstakingly established. The hadiths are used, along with the Quran, to govern every detail of the life of the Muslim—down to toilet habits. (Don’t face "Kibla," that is Mecca, when answering the call of nature—Bukhari 1:147).

What is a hadith?

The hadith are written compilations ("traditions" or "reports") of the sayings and actions of Muhammad. Muhammad’s example and authority are prominent in Islam. The hadiths (the plural is sometimes written with the "s" and sometimes not), along with the Quran, are meant to govern every aspect of life, including civil law. There are several collections of hadiths, but the one compiled by Bukhari (or "Al-Bukhari" or "Sahih Bukhari"), who lived 200 years after Muhammad, is considered very important, especially by Sunni Muslims. We will reference Bukhari primarily in our article, but will also reference the hadiths collected by "Sahih Muslim," who was a student of Bukhari.

Why is a woman’s testimony worth half that of a man?

For example, in 4:34 some use the term "superior," while others say that men are "maintainers" or "guardians" of women.) In Islamic law, a woman’s testimony is worth half that of men because the female mind is considered deficient (Sura 2:282, Bukhari 3.48.826).

What are the two major world religions?

We are interested in exploring here what the source documents say concerning these two major world religions, Christianity and Islam. That is, we will explore and compare the Bible and the Quran (plus the written traditions of Islam called the hadith).

How to tell if a truth claim is not true?

Applying rules of logic, one can show that a truth-claim is not true by identifying arbitrariness or inconsistency in the claim . We offer detailed references from the Bible, the Quran, and the Hadiths so that the interested reader can check the sources himself.

How many Christians are killed by Muslims?

According to the organization the Voice of the Martyrs (website or search for Voice of the Martyrs) 160,000 Christians are killed annually because of their faith—the vast majority being killed by Muslims. If Islam claims to be a religion of peace, why is there so much oppression in every Muslim country?

What does Islam mean by "submission"?

More important than loving God—or even knowing Him—is submitting to His will. The word Islam means “submission.”. According to Islam, God cannot be considered a “father” and He has no son. Allah does not love sinners (Surah 3:140).

What did Muhammed do to spread his religion?

Muhammed was well known for spreading his new religion by force. He commanded, “Fight and slay the Pagans wherever you find them” (Sura 9:5), and he specified the proper way to execute an unbeliever was to cut his throat (Sura 47:4).

What is the standard of judgment in Islam?

Islam teaches that the day of judgment will involve a person’s good and bad deeds being weighed in a balance—so the standard for judgment is one’s own actions (Surah 7:8-9; 21:47).

What does the Bible say about adding to God’s Word?

The Bible warns against adding to God’s Word ( Revelation 22:18 ); Christians reject the Qur’an as an attempted addition to God’s Word and as a document that contradicts the Bible in many ways. Islam and Christianity: Means of Salvation. Islam teaches a works-based salvation and in this way is similar to other man-made religions.

What was Jesus’ response to Jesus’ mocking?

On the cross, when Jesus was mocked by those nearby, His response was, “Father, forgive them” ( Luke 23:34 ). Islam and Christianity: Views of God. Islam teaches that Allah, or God, is the sovereign Creator and Ruler of all that is. Muslims emphasize God’s absolute unity, which will admit of no division, and God’s will.

What does it mean to be saved by grace?

If you will be saved, you must save yourself. Christianity teaches a grace-based salvation. A person is saved by the grace (the undeserved blessing) of God , through faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ ( Ephesians 2:8–9; Romans 10:9–10 ).

How many chapters are there in the Qur’an?

The Qur’an, which is perfect and holy, is divided into 114 chapters called suras. In addition to the Qur’an, the Muslims have the Hadith, a collection of Muhammed’s sayings, opinions, and actions as reported by those close to him.

The intriguing Quran

There are many things about the Quran that are hard to understand and can seem puzzling. It is not an easy read. However, for Christians perhaps the most intriguing thing about the Quran is its many allusions to biblical stories and characters.

An alternative thesis

But what if both ‘correction’ and ‘retrieval’ are misguided? What if the whole idea of Islam arising from Christian roots is a derogatory error? Is it possible that neither the correction approach nor the retrieval approach is valid?

If not a family tree, then what?

Many Christians assume that Islam developed out of Judaism and Christianity. This is itself a manifestation of the conventional ‘Christian heresy’ view of Islam. Behind this, a ‘family tree’ model assumed, in which the root is Judaism. This branches out into Christianity, and then later Islam branches off.

Concluding reflections

The observation that the Quran does not have a ‘family tree’ relationship with Judaism and Christianity should not in any way be considered pejorative.

Islam Through the Lens of the Golden Rule

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