Although Islam and Christianity seem to have certain points of doctrine in common, there is anenormous differencebetween them, not only in beliefs about salvation and Christ but in many other areas affecting daily life, human behavior and attitudes.
What are some similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam?
The central event in Christianity is the death and resurrection of Jesus, while the central event for Islam is the revelation of the Qur’an. Islam’s first few centuries included growth by military conquest. Christianity’s growth was as a persecuted minority. Both have a radically different understanding of who Jesus was and what he did.
Is Christianity more similar to Judaism or Islam?
On the other hand, Islam and Christianity could be argued to be more similar than Islam and Judaism with respect to the role of Jesus; though Islam does not deify Jesus the way that Christianity does, it does confer him with the status of a prophet.
What was the relationship like between Christians and Muslims?
You may think that it is obvious what the relationship is like between Muslims and Christians. Surprisingly, it is not all negative. In some nearby countries, Muslims and Christians lived fairly side by side. Not just that, even at one point in time in Jerusalem the Muslims let the Christians visit and stay freely whenever they wanted.
How is Islam the same as Judaism and Christianity?
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam share the same history. Jewish scriptures acknowledge Adam as the first man, in addition to acknowledging Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, etc, as prophets. Christians acknowledge those prophets in addition to Jesus.
What does Islam mean by "submission"?
More important than loving God—or even knowing Him—is submitting to His will. The word Islam means “submission.”. According to Islam, God cannot be considered a “father” and He has no son. Allah does not love sinners (Surah 3:140).
What did Muhammed do to spread his religion?
Muhammed was well known for spreading his new religion by force. He commanded, “Fight and slay the Pagans wherever you find them” (Sura 9:5), and he specified the proper way to execute an unbeliever was to cut his throat (Sura 47:4).
What is the standard of judgment in Islam?
Islam teaches that the day of judgment will involve a person’s good and bad deeds being weighed in a balance—so the standard for judgment is one’s own actions (Surah 7:8-9; 21:47).
What does the Bible say about adding to God’s Word?
The Bible warns against adding to God’s Word ( Revelation 22:18 ); Christians reject the Qur’an as an attempted addition to God’s Word and as a document that contradicts the Bible in many ways. Islam and Christianity: Means of Salvation. Islam teaches a works-based salvation and in this way is similar to other man-made religions.
What was Jesus’ response to Jesus’ mocking?
On the cross, when Jesus was mocked by those nearby, His response was, “Father, forgive them” ( Luke 23:34 ). Islam and Christianity: Views of God. Islam teaches that Allah, or God, is the sovereign Creator and Ruler of all that is. Muslims emphasize God’s absolute unity, which will admit of no division, and God’s will.
What does it mean to be saved by grace?
If you will be saved, you must save yourself. Christianity teaches a grace-based salvation. A person is saved by the grace (the undeserved blessing) of God , through faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ ( Ephesians 2:8–9; Romans 10:9–10 ).
How many chapters are there in the Qur’an?
The Qur’an, which is perfect and holy, is divided into 114 chapters called suras. In addition to the Qur’an, the Muslims have the Hadith, a collection of Muhammed’s sayings, opinions, and actions as reported by those close to him.
What is the difference between Islam and Christianity?
Christianity vs. Islam. Christianity and Islam have more in common than most people know — they are both monotheistic Abrahamic religions, and Jesus Christ is an important, revered figure in both religions. Followers of Christianity — called Christians — believe in the Holy Trinity, and that Christ, the son of God, …
When did Muhammad migrate to Medina?
Many in the region saw monotheism as a threat, eventually forcing Muhammad to migrate with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE in what is known as the Hijra. Most consider this the beginning of Islam as a religion, as the migration brought many new followers to the fledgling faith. In 630 CE, Muhammad and his followers were able to return to Mecca in a near-bloodless conflict.
How did Islam spread?
633-655 CE: Islam is spread through warfare. Muslim armies take over Egypt, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria, the North African coast, and portions of the Byzantine and Persian empires.
Why was Paul the Apostle arrested?
57 CE: Paul the Apostle is arrested in Jerusalem after failing to help Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians reach a compromise regarding the depiction of Jesus.
What are the five pillars of the Bible?
Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj). The Lord Jesus Christ.
What is the meaning of the word "original sin"?
Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God’s mercy. Human Nature. Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin.
Which religion has stricter rules?
Similar to Judaism, Islam tends to have stricter guidelines or rules than Christianity does. In modern Christianity, most hardline rules are found in the Old Testament and more related to Judaism, and many of the rules found in the New Testament are downplayed.
What does Acts 4:12 mean?
Acts 4:12. The person who says there are major differences between Christianity and Islam is not driving a wedge of division between the two, only recognizing that vast differences are there , and that no individual who really knows what those differences are could ever assume that they are both simply different versions of the same faith.
How are men saved?
The issue of how men are saved or find forgiveness is vastly different. Christians believe what the Bible says that men are redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ, through faith in Him, which the Bible calls grace. Paul put it, “By grace are you saved through faith…”. ( Ephesians 2:8, 9 ). Luke, the physician who accompanied Paul on his missionary …
Who said that Jesus is part of the Trinity?
Charles Colson in a Breakpoint commentary outlined how differently Christ is viewed, saying, “Christianity teaches Jesus is part of the Trinity. He is God, the Son who was offered as an atoning sacrifice on the cross to save His people from their sins.
Who said "By grace are you saved through faith"?
Paul put it, “By grace are you saved through faith…”. ( Ephesians 2:8, 9 ). Luke, the physician who accompanied Paul on his missionary journeys, wrote, “Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved” ( Acts 4:12 ).
Who influenced the Qur’an?
The writers of the Qur’an were influenced by Jewish rabbis and lifted many passages from the Old Testament, reworking them into the context of Islam. But it can hardly be assumed that the two are kindred in scope, significance, and purpose. Difference #2: Who Jesus Christ is and what He did.
Who is the speaker of the book "Guidelines for Living"?
Speaker: Dr. Harold J. Sala | Series: Guidelines For Living | Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved. Acts 4:12
Why does Islam believe sin exists?
Islam claims that sin exists because of human weakness and forgetfulness ( Surah 4:28 ). “The original sin concept is not fair…because no one should be made to bear the burden of someone else’s sin or mistake.”. According to Islam, Satan is responsible for sin, and there is no curse over Adam or creation.
What do Muslims believe about Jesus?
Muslims believe He was merely a prophet and miracle-worker ( Surah 3:49; 5:110; 9:30 ). Islam would claim that Jesus was born of a virgin, and that He was taken to Heaven ( Surah 4:158 ). They do not believe that Jesus died on the cross ( Surah 4:155-158 ). Nabeel Jabour says:
Why is the Quran preserved?
Muslims claim that the Quran has been preserved in its exact, original form in Arabic because large groups would recite it to other large groups with no variation.
How long did the Quran last?
Muslims believe the Quran was formed when the prophet Muhammad received revelations from the angel Gabriel for a 23 year period beginning in 609 AD. The Bible contains 66 books, written by 40 authors, covering a period of approximately 1,600 years, while the Quran was revealed to one man over a period of 23 years.
Why is Easter the biggest week of the year?
For Christians, this is the biggest week of the year because we are celebrating Passion week: the week where Jesus was betrayed, arrested, crucified, and rose again from the dead. Millions of people around the world will celebrate Easter, millions will not. One large group that will not are Muslims.
What are the two major religions?
The two largest religions in the world are Christianity and Islam ( Pew Research Center ). Based on my research and interview with a local Muslim leader, Nadeem A. Siddiqi, a long-time member of the Muslim Community of Knoxville, I came up with 4 major differences between Christianity and Islam.
Is the Quran in Arabic?
Muslims claim that no manuscript of the Quran in Arabic has any variation. Christians believe that the Bible of the Old and New Testament in Its original language (Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic) is God’s Word without error. Our English Bibles today are still trustworthy and sacred because of textual criticism.
What does Islam reject?
Instead, Muslims assert that people are born morally good. So Islam rejects the Christian doctrine of the fall. Islam denies salvation by grace ( i.e., that human beings are reconciled to God by God’s unmerited favor apart from works). In contrast, Muslims proclaim that personal submission is required to earn paradise.
What are some examples of doctrinal contrasts?
For example, both religions are: theistic in philosophical orientation. monotheistic in doctrinal belief.
Which religions are the largest?
Since Christianity and Islam are the two largest (comprising about 55% of the world’s population 2) religions in the world people often wonder where they disagree and how significant the differences are. A brief look at six doctrinal contrasts will help address this question.
Does Islam believe in the Trinity?
Islam denies the Trinity (i.e., tri-unity: One God in three persons). Muslims instead affirm a form of unitarianism where Allah is a single, solitary being ( tawhid) with no partners, equals, rivals, or companions. Allah is not begotten nor does he beget; therefore, he has no son.
Is Islam a redemptive religion?
But either way, Islam is not a redemptive religion. Islam denies the imago Dei ( i.e., human beings bear God’s image). In contrast, Muslims affirm that such an image would put creatures too close to Allah (the heresy known as “shirk”). Thus in Islamic theology, human beings are not made in Allah’s image.
Is Jesus a human being?
In contrast, Muslims assert that Jesus was a mere human being. Yet Islam does concur that Jesus was virgin-born, performed miracles, and lived a sinless life. Islam denies the crucifixion ( i.e., Jesus’s atoning death on the cross).
Do Muslims and Christians Worship the Same God?
The fact will always remain that there is only One true God. Because of vastly different scriptures regarding Jesus, Muslims and Christians cannot both worship the true God. Muslim scriptures say Jesus is just a prophet, while Christians know Jesus is the Son of God. Which group is correct? You can know the difference between Allah (the false god of Islam) and Jesus (the true God of the Bible) by asking three personal questions:
Why did Jesus warn about Islam?
Jesus warned us about this because Islam is the complete opposition to the Redemptive Plan of God. Muslims are taught to reject the cross – so the battle of Islam vs Christianity needlessly goes on…. If they only knew the truth!
What do Muslims want to know about Jesus?
Many Muslims want to know about Jesus. There is a lot of interest to learn more of the facts of Islam vs Christianity. But the Qur’an falsely tells them Jesus is just a prophet, and that the original Bible text has been “changed.”.
What does the Qur’an say about Allah?
The Qur’an teaches that Allah did not, would not, and will not die for you, nor would he send any “helper” to die in your place. We see this in Qur’an 4:52 “Those are they whom Allah has cursed, and he whom Allah has cursed, thou, O Mohammad, will find for him no helper.” And we see the same in Qur’an 3:152 “Our Lord, indeed whoever You admit to the Fire – You have disgraced him, and for the wrongdoers there are no helpers.”
What did they do when Jesus was crucified?
When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots. And sitting down, they kept watch over him there. Above his head they placed the written charge against him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
What does the Qur’an say about angels?
One verse in the Qur’an gives a clear understanding whether Allah really loves mankind or not. Allah says mankind and angels were created only to worship him. Qur’an 51:56 “I have created angels [jinn] and human beings only that they might worship Me.”.
Why does the Qur’an say there is no need for God to provide a sacrifice for sin?
Further, the Qur’an teaches that there is no need for God to provide a sacrifice for sin because ignorance of Islam, not sin, is man’s problem.
What is the pilgrimage to Mecca?
Pilgrimage: Once in their lives Muslims are expected to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. This is an intentional journey to a specific location on the surface of the earth that holds special meaning. Christianity has no such thing.
Is Christianity a time based religion?
Christianity is primarily time based. While the Christian gospel is one of incarnation, ironically, Christianity has become something that is not place-based and especially not land-based. This is easily illustrated by looking at some Muslim practices and noticing their absence or contrast in Christianity.
Is the New Testament translated?
Being that the original script ure of the Christian movement, the New Testament Gospels are translated versions of the message of Jesus, and that means Christianity is a translated religion without a revealed language. The issue is not whether Christians translated their scriptures well or willingly, but that without translation there would be no Christianity or Christians. Translation is the church’s birthmark … Christianity seems unique in being the only world religion that is transmitted without the language or originating culture of its founder (p. 97-98)
Can you read the Quran in Arabic?
Language: If you want to read the Quran you need to learn Arabic. The Christian gospel is not only translatable into any language – Christians believe that it should be translated into every language. The Gospel is equally valid in any and every language.
Why do Muslims have to go to war with non-Muslims?
Muslims are required to go to war with non-Muslims to conquer them and add their territory to the “House of Islam.” (2:191, 9:5, 9:29)
What does it mean to be made in the image of God?
Made in the image of God (Gen. 1:26). This does not mean that God has a body, but that man is made like God in abilities (reason, faith, love, etc.). Not made in the image of God (42:11). Man is made out of the dust of the earth (23:12) and Allah breathed life into man (32:9; 15:29). Original Sin.
How is forgiveness obtained in Islam?
Forgiveness of sins is obtained by Allah’s grace without a mediator. The Muslim must believe Allah exists, believe in the fundamental doctrines of Islam, believe that Muhammad is his prophet, and follow the commands of Allah given in the Koran. Forgiveness. Central to Christian faith.
What are the major branches of the Arabian Peninsula?
Arabian Peninsula. Major Branches. Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant. Sunni, Shiite. Bible. The inspired and inerrant word of God. (2 Tim. 3:16). Consists of Hebrew scriptures of Judaism (Old Testament); and later writings recording the lives and teachings of Jesus and his followers (New Testament).
What are the 10 commandments?
Ten Commandments (Ex 20:1-17), Greatest commandment (love God, love others – Mark 12:29-31), Great commission (make disciples of all nations, baptize them, teach them. – Matt 28:19-20) Sharia (Islamic Law) regulates every aspect of a Muslim’s devotional and personal life as well as the governing of Islamic nations.
What does the Creed mean?
Creed (Apostle’s or Nicene – One God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). We are sinners, but God loves us, Jesus died for us; believe in him and you are saved. (John 3:16) Six Articles of Faith (No God but Allah, angels, sacred books (Torah, Psalms, New Testament, Koran), prophets, day of judgement, Allah’s predestination.
Is God a trinity?
God is a trinity of persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity is not three gods in one god, nor is it one person who took three forms. Trinitarianism is strictly mono-theistic. There is no other God in existence. The Lord God and Allah are not the same.