why do christians celebrate the birth of jesus

Why did the Pope order the removal of the relics of the martyrs and saints?

Powerless in the face of such repeated pillages, towards the end of the eighth century and the beginning of the ninth, the Popes ordered to remove the relics of the martyrs and of the saints to the city churches, for security reasons.

What did the barbarians do to Rome?

When the barbarians (Goths and Longobards) invaded Italy and came down to Rome,they systematically destroyed a lot of monuments and sacked many places, including the catacombs.

How did the burial areas of the Church grow?

With the passage of time, these burial areas grew larger by gifts or by the purchase of new properties, sometimes on the initiative of the Church itself.

Where were the catacombs buried?

If they owned land, they buried their relatives there, otherwise they resorted to common cemeteries, where pagans too were buried. That is how Saint Peter came to be buried in the great public “necropolis” (“city of the dead”) on Vatican Hill,

Who discovered the catacombs?

During the late Middle Ages they didn’t even know where they were. The exploration and scientific study of the catacombs started, centuries later, with Antonio Bosio (1575 – 1629), nicknamed the “Columbus of subterranean Rome”.

Did the Romans have their own cemeteries?

In the first century Rome’s Christians did not have their own cemeteries. If they owned land, they buried their relatives there, otherwise they resorted to common cemeteries, where pagans too were buried.

What happened to the catacombs after the transfer of the relics?

In the course of time, landslides and vegetation obstructed and hid the entrances to the other catacombs , …

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